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Types of Poetry
Transcript of Types of Poetry
Rhetorical Devices in Poetry
A haiku is a form of poetry that originated in Japan. The first line is five syllables, the second seven, and the last is five. A haiku is typically about nature.
This type of poem typically tells a story and has a repeating refrain. Love is a common theme for ballads and some are sung.
An example of this type of poem is "The Mermaid" by unknown.
A limerick is a funny poem with five lines. The first, second, and fifth lines rhyme and the third and fourth lines rhyme.
An ode is a poem written about something the speaker likes or is passionate about.
A narrative poem is a poem that tells a story and typically has metered verse.
An example of a narrative is "The Drawbridge Keeper" by Henry Abbey.
Tankas originated in Japan. They consist of thirty-one syllables in five lines. The first and third lines have five syllables each and the second, fourth, and fifth have seven syllables each.
An example of this is "Kaleidoscopic Fall" on http://www.thehighlanderspoems.com/nature-13.php
A sonnet is a type of poem that is a complete though, idea, or sentiment. They are often 14 lines, iambic pentameter, and a rhyme scheme.
A famous sonnet is the prologue for "Romeo and Juliet" by William Shakespeare.
An epic is a long poem that is typically about a hero and their great achievements.
The "Iliad" by Homer is an old famous epic.
An acrostic is a series of lines where the first letter in each line will spell out a word.
A cinquain is a poem that consists of five lines.
An example of cinquain is:
Constructing, Evolving, Emerging
Wondrous gift of nature
An elegy is a poem that typically has a sad tone and can be read at a funeral.
An example of an elegy is "In Memory of W.B. Yeats" by W. H. Auden.
A lyric poem is a short poem that is similar to a song.
An example of this is "A Reason to Believe." http://www.poetrysoup.com/poems/about/lyric_adventure_poems
A free verse is a poem that does not follow the rules. They are similar to everyday speech.
An example of this is "Red Slippers" by Amy Lowell.
A concrete poem is a poem that is in the shape of what it is about.
Satire is making fun of something or putting it down.
A perfect example of a poem that uses satire is "The Internet: Return"
A void of Facebook
Creativity dies here...
A pun is a play on words.
An example of a pun is:
"The truest poetry is the most feigning."
On the Grand Canyon
I see the river flowing
and Earth's past layers
There was an old man with a beard
Who said, "it’s just how I feared!
Two owls and a hen
Four larks and a wren
Have all built their nests in my beard.
Ode to my Anvil and Hammer
You are the best piece of technology I will ever have or need
People think I am behind in technology,
but you haven't needed an upgrade for 100s of years,
How can they think that when their technology has to update every hour because it is not good enough?
You do NOT break when I get mad,
and you can be used any and everywhere,
no dead zones,
no cracked screens,
no costly monthly fees,
and best of all if I was stuck on an island and only had you,
you would help me make what I need to survive instead of telling me what I should have brought.
When I think perfect technology,
I think of you
The Sound of Blacksmithing
To me, blacksmithing has a certain poetic quality to it, each step in the process is a stanza, and each strike of the hammer is a word in a rhythmic pattern. Its tone is typically one of hard work.
What is Poetry
Shmoop defines poetry as:
A lot of people tend to think that haiku poems are the shortest poems, but...