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The Truman Commission's Report on Higher Education
Transcript of The Truman Commission's Report on Higher Education
Representatives who could address Truman's desire to redefine America's higher education needs Truman Commission on Higher Education Eleanor Roosevelt, Member 6 volume report
Increased need for federal involvement in higher education
First national dialogue on higher education
Controversial stance on access issues
Community college recommendations
Paved the way for future developments
Higher Education Act - 1965
Federal financial aid
Current community college system What? Post-World War II
Cold War/Threat of Nuclear War
Returning GI Population
Civil Rights Context Competing in a Global Society Increasing Enrollment & Access Report Recommendation:
Double college going rate by 1960
Believed 49% of Americans could complete 2 year degree
33%, 4 year degree
(Gilbert & Heller, 2010) Post-secondary enrollment Not Open Enrollment
Women and minorities deserve opportunities!
Students must be prepared and capable: Right student, right program
Acknowledgment that cost was a barrier Defining Access “We shall aim at making higher education equally available to all young people, as we now do education in the elementary and high schools, to the extent that their capacity warrants a further social investment in their training.”
-Truman Commission Report, 1947.
(cited by TG Research and Analytical Services, 2005, p.10). Specific Access Issues End discrimination in Education: anti-semitism and anti-feminism
Less clear on racial discrimination --> more controversial in 1947 Discrimination Resigned from Commission Specific Access Issues Appropriate Options for All Students Recommendation: massive expansion (Hutcheson, 2007) CC marketing messages welcoming students of all ages, backgrounds, and skill levels Cause for concern with public and private universities and losing enrollment Community College Recommendations Report noted the significant need
Recommendations were varied - some more radical
Comprehensive programs, less expensive
"14th year free" Federal government didn't act on more radical aspects of the report's recommendations (i.e. 14th year free concept)
Concern over federal government's role in education Most notable recommendations of commission's report
At the time of the report, and for a decade after: only federal student funding for higher education was GI Bill funds (Gilbert & Heller, 2010) Ending Financial Barriers to Higher Education Report noted that the only true way to develop an educated society and one that could compete with the Soviet Union was to eliminate financial barriers to higher education 1965: Higher Education Act
Defined federal government's role in higher education
Federal financial aid programs
Future developments: Educational Opportunity Grants
Middle Income Student Assistance Act (1978)
Federal direct lending - Clinton administration Impact on the Future 1958: National Defense Education Act
Scholarships for students studying foreign languages and science/engineering
Response to Sputnik launch -- referenced Truman Commission's recommendations (Gilbert & Heller, 2010) Laid the foundation for future developments in American higher education Truman Commission on Higher Education Began a national dialogue on higher education Influenced countless bills, acts, and programs that assist millions of students in pursuing higher education Many recommendations have not yet been implemented and are still discussed today as "issues" in American higher education Sarah Weiss
EDAD 832 - Fall 2012
University of Nebraska-Lincoln