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Strengths-Based Leadership in Academic Advising
Transcript of Strengths-Based Leadership in Academic Advising
in Academic Advising
Academic advising needs an activity that is central, rather than peripheral, to the educational enterprise. Creating an effective advising system requires better understanding of the traditional and contemporary models of academic advising.
Since mid-1970's - dominant model for advising professionals
Characterized by advisor helping student become more aware of student's values, personal characteristics, and needs
Emphasis on student's goal setting, problem solving, and educational planning
1. Developmental Advising
2. Prescriptive Advising
3. Strengths-Based Advising
Since mid-1970's - alternative model for advising professionals
Characterized by advisor-student relationship as more hierarchical and authoritarian; directive and logistics focused
Suggested that prescriptive advising is sometimes more helpful with students of color and first-year students
Since 2003 - found three, consistent characteristics of high achievers
Characterized by advisor utilizing student's natural talents to build strengths, while motivating him/her to acquire knowledge and skill base for college-level achievement
Emphasis on virtues and optional human functioning, self-efficacy, personal navigation, and self-esteem
1. spend most of their time in their areas of strength
2. focus on development and application of strengths, while managing weaknesses
3. do not necessarily have more talents than others, but develop capabilities more fully and learn to apply them to new situations
Differences between Developmental
and Strengths-Based Advising
Developmental - needs based
Strengths-Based - student motivation based
Developmental - problems focus
Strengths-Based - abilities focus
Developmental - ask cause of academic difficulty
Strengths-Based - question about talents or successful situations
Additional benefits to Strengths-Based Advising
Student is understood and known by advisor at deeper level
Student experiences higher motivation levels
Student has better sense of direction and confidence
Student has significantly higher satisfaction with advising (than those who receive deficit based advising)
For many students, identifying and understanding strengths can be positive turning point for individuals
For advisors, strengths-based model provides engaging environment for optimal talent development