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Afghanistan

Afghanistan
by

Meg McCormack

on 5 April 2012

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Transcript of Afghanistan

War on Terror: Afghanistan By Stacie Wright and Meg McCormack Afghanistan's History 1919 - 1933 - 1953 - 1979 - 1988 - Afghanistan gains independence from the British after an attempt to keep Afghani forces from invading British India. U.S. Involvement 1926 - The monarchy that was once established in Afghanistan resumes again with King Amanullah, who attempts to introduce some social reforms to the country. Civil unrest over the reforms leads to him leaving the country. Zahir Shah becomes king and Afghanistan remains a monarchy for next four decades. The Soviet Union has remained in Afghanistan since the '50s, and after a power struggle between two leftist leaders, Hafizullah Amin and Mohammed Taraki, the Afghan army faces a collapse. The Soviets help to remove and execute Amin. General Mohammed Daud becomes prime minister. He obtains military assistance from the Soviet Union and abolishes "purdah", or the secluding of women from private view. 1980 - Babrak Karmal is installed as leader, backed by Soviet troops. Anti-regime rebels intensify their warfare with various "mujahideen" (translates to "holy warriors") groups fighting the Soviet-backed Afghan army. USSR, US, Afghanistan, and Pakistan sign a peace treaty known as the Geneva Accords. The Soviet Union begins to pull out troops. Civil war in Afghanistan still remains. 1934 The U.S officially recognized Afghanistan's
independence and set up an embassy in
Kabul, the capital NOT all Muslims are terrorists. Al- Qaeda “According to bin Laden's 1998 fatwa (religious decree), it is the duty of Muslims around the world to wage holy war on the U.S., American citizens, and Jews. Muslims who do not heed this call are declared apostates (people who have forsaken their faith).’” The world's most infamous terrorist group, headed by Osama bin Laden. It began during the Afghanistan uprising against the Soviet Union. Extreme views. Islamic fundamentalists. Taliban http://www.cfr.org/terrorist-organizations/al-qaeda-k-al-qaida-al-qaida/p9126 Islam Islam is a religion, the followers are Muslims Democracy 1980 U.S became involved the war against the Soviet Union. We supplied weapons and money to the Mujahideen 2001 After the terrorists attacks on the twin towers on September 11th, the U.S began a war in Afghanistan to get rid of Al-Qaeda and the Taliban We provided aid to Afghanistan during its reconstruction period. Most of the assistance they recieved was from the Soviet Union. 1950 - 1979 Saur Revolution Could be thought of as the single event that damaged Afghanistan democracy and kept the country in politcal ruin up to today. When Afghanistan was trying to rebuild itself, the majority of aid and support they recieved was from the Soviet Union. The followers of the Taliban and Al Qaeda have very extreme radical religious views. They have Islamic fundamentalist views, yet they carry out these views in the most radical ways, while still "following" Islamic laws. In fact, many Muslims are targets of terrorists for not having the same extreme views. Terrorist groups, such as Al-Qaeda and the Taliban, hate anyone who does not share their beliefs. Currently, in Afghanistan, Harmid Karzai is the president. Works Cited "Information on Osama Bin Laden." September 11 News.com. Web. 13 June 2011. <http://www.september11news.com/OsamaBinLaden.htm>.
"File:King Amanullah Khan.jpg." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 13 June 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:King_Amanullah_Khan.jpg>.
"Afghanistan War." Pashtun Valley. Web. 13 June 2011. <http://pashtunvalley1.blogspot.com/2011/04/afghanistan-war.html>.
"Mohammad Zahir Shah 1914 - 2007 | News | Guardian.co.uk." Latest News, Comment and Reviews from the Guardian | Guardian.co.uk. Web. 13 June 2011. <http://www.guardian.co.uk/news/gallery/2007/jul/23/internationalnews.afghanistan>.
"03.16.09daoud." The Embassy of Afghanistan, Washington, DC. Web. 13 June 2011. <http://www.embassyofafghanistan.org/03.16.09daoud.html>.
"File:Babrak Karmal Afghan Statesman.JPG." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 13 June 2011.
http://newsimg.bbc.co.uk/media/images/45475000/jpg/_45475285_soviet1989466.jpg
"Attack Images." September 11 News.com. Web. 13 June 2011. <http://www.september11news.com/AttackImages.htm>.
Hayes, Laura. "Al-Qaeda." Infoplease.com. 2007. Web. 13 June 2011. <http://www.infoplease.com/spot/al-qaeda-terrorism.html>.
Bajoria, Jayshree. "Al-Qaeda." Council on Foreign Relations. Web. 13 June 2011. <http://www.cfr.org/terrorist-organizations/al-qaeda-k-al-qaida-al-qaida/p9126>.
"BBC News - Afghanistan - Timeline." BBC News - Home. Web. 13 June 2011. <http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/1162108.stm>.
"Democracy in Afghanistan Is Wishful Thinking - CSMonitor.com." The Christian Science Monitor - CSMonitor.com. Web. 13 June 2011. <http://www.csmonitor.com/Commentary/Opinion/2009/0820/p09s01-coop.html>.
Harvey, Katherin. "Afghanistan, The United States and the Legacy of Afghanistan's Civil War." Stanford.edu. 5 June 2003. Web. 13 June 2011. <http://www.stanford.edu/class/e297a/Afghanistan,%20the%20United%20States.htm>. The Taliban is a militia that is driven by extremely harsh Islamic views. They arose during the 1980's after the Soviet Union and U.S pulled out. The country was left in ruins and there were several power struggles, because we abandend the nation the Taliban was able to rise and take power of the country. They have ridiculous rules, and those rules are harshly enforced. Their treatement of women is especially harsh. There are cruel punishments such as maiming and stoning to death. When we initially invaded Afghanistan ten years ago, we went there with intentions to overthrow the Taliban. For the most part, we forced them out of the country. Since 2002, there have been at least 500 newspapers, 20 private television channels, 80-90 radio stations, and numerous interest groups - especially women's groups - that have been pushing Afghanistan toward democratization. Currently On June 13, 2011 (yesterday), the US Ambassador to Kabul, Afghanistan, Karl Ikenberri, told the press that the United States intends to increase cooperation in the areas of: U.S pretty much drove the Taliban from power in November 2001 Taliban is still fighting and still controls some parts of Afghanistan Economy
Good governance
Rule of law
Implemation of democracy Al-Qaeda has underground cells in some 100 countries, including the U.S Over time, the leaders of Afghanistan could not keep a firm grasp on their people. Arguments were constantly being had on how to run Afghanistan. The society has througout its history always chosen leaders based on religion and tradition Often the government has enforced harsh laws that almost cross the line of human rights violations. So, one of the former leaders (Hafizullah Amin) organized a coup d'etat of Soviet-backed troops to overthrow the government and it's leaders, which he was no longer a part of. The country has had many problems such as poverty/women's rights/illiteracy. It is hard to magically turn a third world country around. This revolution resulted in a decade-long war between the Afghani government, which was backed by the Soviets, and the Afghanistan rebel groups, some of which turned into Al-Qaeda and the Taliban Muslims follow the laws written in the Qur'an, the Islamic Holy book. It is the second largest religion in the world, and is growing rapidly Soviets Rebels Facts About Afghanistan's 2011 Osama Bin Laden's hideout in Abbottabad, Pakistan, is discovered and Bin Laden is ulitmately taken out by US Marines April, 1978 Founded by Osama Bin Laden Is a multinational, stateless army "Mujahideen" (Holy Warriors) s Harmid Karzai becomes first democratically elected president, due to an insistence of democracy by the US and other countries 2004 Video: What is the current Role of the US in Afghanistan? 99% of Afghanistan is Mulsim
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