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Sampson's Class 2013 Portfolio Project- Ancient Songhai
Transcript of Sampson's Class 2013 Portfolio Project- Ancient Songhai
Geography Five Themes of Geography
Continued Location: Songhai was formerly in Western Africa.
Some present-day countries that are where Songhai was include Senegal, Mali, Burkina Faso, Guinea, and Gambia. Language: Songhai languages are said to be the first languages to be developed in the region of the Nilo-Saharan. http://www.nytimes.com/2007/08/07/world/africa/07mali.html?pagewanted=all&_r=0 The Songhai Empire Climate: Thanks to the location of the Songhai Empire, the climate is very dry and hot, so it is hard to grow crops. Landforms: Some of the geographical landforms inside the area of the empire are Lake Faguibine, Lake Debo, the Niger River, the Red Volta, the White Volta, The Sahel, etc. Natural Resources: The main natural resources of Songhai were fish, salt, and gold. 800 CE: Songhai built their capitol of Gao. 1275 CE: The Songhai people revolted against the Malinke Empire. 1420 CE: Sunni Muhammed Da'o raided the Malinke Empire during its second time of decline. 1464 CE: Sunni Sulayman Dandi dies after conquering the kingdom of Mema, expanding the empire. 1468 CE: Sunni Ali takes the throne as king of the Songhai Empire. 1470 CE: Sunni Ali captures Jenne. 1483 CE: Sunni Ali runs the Mossi people out of the empire. 1492 CE: Sunni Ali dies after ruling for 35 years. 1493 CE: Askia Muhammad becomes the king of the empire. 1499-1500 CE: Askia Muhammed captures the land west of Timbuktu. 1591 CE: The Songhai people fall the Moroccans, due to the Moroccan's superior weapons. Economics: Songhai Empire was considered the leader in the Trans-Saharan trade system and had domination in the commodities salt and gold. The currency was standardized within the Empire’s land, so Songhai economy could be homogenized. Taxes were paid by each province of the Empire and taxes were also charged over the trade going through the Kingdom of Songhai. Imports and Exports: Trade flourished and made the nobles rich. Songhay exported gold, salt, kola nuts and slaves. They imported textiles, horses, and luxury goods. Songhay was definitely a member of the slave trade. Religion: The people of Songhay followed the African religions of witchdoctors, and spirits, and magic. They believed in many gods. But the leaders of Songhay were Muslim. Industries: Farming, mining, trading, and defense (army). Location: Within this article, you can find that the main location is Timbuktu. You can find this through relative location by how the passage says that Timbuktu is among the sands of the Sahara. Place: The article exhibits the theme "place" by how it states, "For centuries it flourished because it sat between the great superhighways of the era — the Sahara, with its caravan routes carrying salt, cloth, spices and other riches from the north, and the Niger River, which carried gold and slaves from the rest of West Africa."
Region: Region is displayed in this article as a perceptual region. This is because of how when Songhai is mentioned. It is a perceptual region because the exact borders of ancient Songhai are unknown. Movement: The passage shows movement through how items such as books and manuscripts were brought from across the Mediterranean and Middle East. Human-Environment Interaction: Although it is vague, the article slightly touches on how, in more ancient times, the river was used for trading among other places inside and outside of the Songhai Empire.