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The Clarinet

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Shaaaa :)

on 28 May 2015

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Transcript of The Clarinet

What is it?
The clarinet is a straight, single-reed instrument. It is grouped in the woodwind family. The clarinet breaks down into 5 sections: the mouth piece, barrel joint, upper joint, lower joint and the bell.
What are the different types of clarinets?
How was the clarinet developed in the modern time?
When was the clarinet first used in the orchestra?
Why is the clarinet important in the orchestra?
To the late 17th century and the early 18th century the clarinet declared the importance in the orchestra. Then it was the newest instrument in the orchestra. In modern orchestras the clarinets were rarely used as solo instruments but the clarinet is an important part of the orchestra’s texture. The clarinet has a number or features that make it ideal such as its huge jumps or runs. Since the clarinet does not have a specific range, it often plays different moods in orchestras.
Where do you find the clarinet in the orchestra?
All instruments follow the classical orchestra pattern. The instruments in the orchestra are put in the order of their pitch from loud to soft. The order of the different types of clarinets are usually seated starting with the highest E flat, then 2-3 A/B clarinets also known as the Soprano clarinet then the Alto clarinet, the Bass clarinet and lastly the Contra-alto clarinet. The alto and bass clarinet comes in the orchestra when needed.
The Clarinet
There are many different types of clarinets. The smallest and the highest pitched clarinet are the E flat clarinets; they are also called the Requinto clarinets. They are mostly used in bands. The A/B flat clarinets which are also known as the Soprano clarinets are the most common ones out of the clarinets. There are also Alto clarinets which are one a step lower in pitch than the E flat clarinets. The Bass and the Contra-alto clarinets are very low in pitch and are very rare. There are also the Bassett clarinets, Contrabass clarinets and the experimental clarinets.
In the 18th century Hyacinthe Klose added more of the registry keys to the chalumeau. This evolution was named the "clarinetto". At the end of the 18th century, Mozart composed his K622 clarinet concert; at this time the clarinet already had 5 keys and 8 holes. In the 19th century Ivan Muller, Baermann i. Albert further more evolved in it to be a really close image of today's clarinet.
The clarinet officially appeared in the 16th century. It wasn’t very flexible and had the range of only 15 octaves. In the 18th century the orchestra gave all essential musical material to the string instruments, and used woodwind instruments for only doubling, reinforcing and filling harmonies. The clarinet became popular from the second half of the 18th century and established a place in the orchestra. It became a potential, solo instrument and now recognized in opera, symphony, concerto and oratio.
Who invented the clarinet?
The clarinet was invented around the 16th century. The clarinet evolved from an earlier instrument called the “Chalumeau”. Johann Christoph Denner with the help of his son, Jacob improved the chalumeau, creating a new instrument. Denner added 2 keys to the chalumeau and increased the range by 2 octaves. They also created the mouth piece and improved the bell which is the end part of the clarinet.
What is the clarinet made of?
As the years pass by, other materials have been used to make the clarinet. Wood, the most often material used to make the clarinet, comes from an African tree named Mpingo or African Blackwood. This tree takes a very long time to grow and it is very knotty. This wood is dense and resonates well to make the warm sound of the clarinet. This wood is very expensive but they are preferred as a material for players. The clarinet reeds are made of reed grass that only grows in the Mediterranean.
Why is the clarinet innovation important?
How has the clarinet innovation influenced the way music is made/consumed/listened to?
The clarinet has influenced in a lot of ways. When composers write music they know that people like to hear mysterious music as well and clarinets make the perfect sound. When the sound of the clarinet is played really fast, the listener is very surprised and they will prefer the sound. The clarinet can be played softly or loudly and it will have a great sound. Also the clarinet’s way of playing can be any style. It can be soft and slow, but the dynamics and tempo can change to make the clarinet do staccatos (jump) with a fast speed and a loud volume. This can amuse the listener’s way than of hearing everyday music.
How would the world be different without the clarinet?
If there weren’t any clarinets then there will be less texture in music. Since the clarinet is used to balance high sounds of the flutes or to add more middle voices to the woodwind section, the flutes will sound not as good and there will be a missing part of the woodwind sound section. Also the orchestra will have missing parts when a piece is playing, because mostly the clarinet’s role is to add mood or warm sounds and fill in the music’s piece in the orchestra. The clarinet has been used to create specific tones are colours that are not possible within the orchestra to play by itself.
Fun Facts
Did you know there are rarely used sizes of the clarinet? Orchestras in other cultures are different. For instance, the Traditional Turkish orchestra which plays by harmonically and rhythmically is more complex than western. They employ different clarinets, for example a clarinet in G.

* Mozart was the 1st composer to use a clarinet in a symphony.

* The clarinet was the last woodwind instrument to be added in an orchestra.

* Clarinet reeds are made of reed grass that only grows in the Mediterranean.

* The word “clarinet” means “little trumpet.” It is related to the word “clarion” which is a kind of trumpet that is loud and clear.

* A cane reed has to be at least 2.5cm (1 inch) if it’s going to be made into a reed

* The clarinet was the most recent addition to the Woodwind family

By Shahini Somasri and Viha Desai
The clarinet plays a very important role in the world of music. First of all, if the clarinet was taken out then the orchestra would be missing a sound of the clarinet. Second of all, there are so many people who play the clarinet. Try to calculate the number of middle school and high school people who chose to play clarinets and people who chose to become a clarinetist. Third of all, the clarinet is a type of an instrument that can sound like the saxophone. So in concerts when the saxophones make a mistake it can be covered by the clarinets. It is an agile instrument that has huge jumps and runs more than any other woodwind instruments. It also has a very large range. Another reason why the innovation of the clarinet is important is because the clarinet has evolved its way to be a popular instrument and has many people inspired to play it, by the design, the sound or people who have a passion for it.
basset clarinet
requinto/ Eb clarinet
soprano clarinet
alto clarinet
bass clarinet
contra-alto
contra-bass
(metal)
(wooden)
Johann Christoph Denner

Mpingo/ Arfican Blackwood
(evolution of the clarinet)
The process of making the clarinet
Full transcript