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Christian Messner

on 13 June 2013

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Transcript of pLobbyingFinal

A first step: Obligatory disclosure of lobbying activities

Critical awareness of the public affairs section

Commission induced the ‚European Transparency Initiative‘ in 2005
Index is voluntary
Car industry
Financial services
Energy industry
Pharmaceutical industry

EU offers almost ideal conditions for lobbying
Intertwining of Politics and Economics
Kerstin Reiter
Christian Messner
Alexander Perry
Florian Silberberger
Focus on USA and EU
Table of content
Introduction and Overview
Lobbying as political concept
International characteristics of lobbyism
"Which are the main differences between Lobbying in the USA and the European Union and to which extent is it useful to the political process?"
“Access is vital in lobbying. If you can't get in your door, you can't make your case. Here we had a hostile senator, whose staff was hostile, and we had to get in. So that's the lobbyist safe-cracker method: throw fundraisers, raise money, and become a big donor.”
Methods and techniques
Individualization & pluralism
Lobbyism will be more multi-faceted in the future
Trends & perspectives
International characteristics
of Lobbying -
Major differences
institutional and legal framework
federal national state
stable environment for decades
partly sovereign member-states
unsteady shift of power
Lobbying upcoming trend in the EU

USA: aggressive and professionalized appreciation

EU: traditionally consensus-oriented

Implications for institutional and legal framework
Important: Opinion leaders & decision makers
Lobbying on legislative and executive
European Parliament
Council of ministers
European Council
EU Commission
National Governments
Target organs of Lobbying in the EU
Lobbying as a business model
15.000 active advisers
No public registration leads to critique
Mainly economic interests
Relation between economic lobbyists and lobbyists representing public charities 5:1
Lobbying in the EU
Focus on setting up relations
Building networks with the help of
Phone calls
Personal letters
Common meals
Methods and techniques
Key players
Law firms like Patton Boggs, Akin Gump or Holland & Knight
Lobbying firms
Big corporations
Lobbying as a business model
Decision makers in
United States Congress
Executive departments like US Department of Treasury, SEC
United States Supreme Court
Federal Government and local governments
Objectives of
lobbying in the US
Lobbying as a part of the right of free speech
Strict disclosure
Strict regulation
Lobbying in the US
„Willard Hotel“ in Washington D.C.
1829: lobbyists mentioned for the first time

Middle of 19th century in Germany
Pressure groups

Biggest difference between USA and Europe
Common good in Europe
History of modern lobbying
Direct lobbying
Personal communication of information
Information procurement

Indirect lobbying
Communication tools
Media relations, campaigns, interest coalitions
Direct and Indirect Lobbying
Communication instruments
Instruments/Process of lobbying
Lobbying is influencing the government
Certain Methods
Target = transforming the concerns of interest groups
People who are not actively involved into the decision process
Enclosing of: lobbying and corruption, political advice and public relations
Lobbying - Cons

Supply of professional knowledge
Rapid access to data
Process of information exchange beneficial to both, lobbyists and politicians
Lobbyists as intermediaries between society and state
Interest groups release the state from certain duties
Federations represent societal variety
Enforcement of competition for the best arguments
Balance of powers
Collection, evaluation &
transfer of information
Identification, tracking, administration
“It's my job to advance the interests of my association or client. Period.”
“My style of lobbying is not to have big formal meetings, but to catch members on the fly as they're walking between the House and the office buildings.”
Jack Abramoff
Lobbying in practice
Lobbying - Pros
"To which extent is Lobbyism useful to the political process?"

Allows abuse of power and corruption
Well-financed pressure groups (e.g. trade associations) influence political processes to a greater extent than financially weak ones (e.g. NGOs)
Lobbyists erode state authority
No elected representatives and no right to define legislation
Lobbyists are primarily self-interested and cleverly use media and society to enforce certain claims
Lobbying in practice
"Wall-Street-Firmen zahlen Boni bei Wechsel in die Politik"
Der Spiegel, 28.04.2013
Lobbying in practice
"Altersvorsorge: Die Einflüsterer"
Der Spiegel, 04.02.2013
"Kampf gegen eine Milliarden-Lobby"
Berliner Zeitung, 24.02.2013
International characteristics of Lobbying
Methodological and substantial differences due to distinct political culture
Thank you for your attention!
Full transcript