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Transcript of Elizabethan Beliefs
Dr. John Dee
E. M. W. Tillyard and A. O. Lovejoy
Off with your head, peasant!
Chain of Being
Visual metaphor for ranking all life
The Four Humours
black bile phlegm yellow bile blood
earth water fire air
winter autumn summer spring
old age maturity childhood adolescence
cold & dry cold & moist hot & dry hot & moist
spleen brain gall bladder heart
Saturn Moon Mars Jupiter
By: Caroline, Erika, Rachel & Rylan (CERR)
Myths and Magic
Martin Luther, founder of Protestantism
Differences between them:
believed in spirits
superstitions based on beliefs in magic
"God bless you" after a sneeze
black cats, ladders, shoes on table etc.
Inventions (telescope, bottle beer, frozen chicken etc.)
Famous scientists (renaissance period) Galileo, Da Vinci
mathematician, astronomer, scientist
friend of Queen Elizabeth and Shakespeare
had the greatest library in England
Published in book format in 1936
The King or Queen chooses the main religion
Queen Elizabeth the first believed that everyone could follow whichever religion they wanted to
Main religions were Protestantism and Catholic
Adhering to the wrong religion meant risks to personal wealth, freedom, and life, and sometimes could lead to torture, imprisonment, or execution.
blame unexplainable events to witches
old, poor, unprotected, single/widows were generally accused
some had pets for company ('familiars')
270 Elizabethan Witch Trials, 247 woman and 23 men.
torture was not allowed
witches believed to have special powers (flying, creating potions etc.)
seen to be evil
get blamed when bad things happen
old, poor, lonely women targeted
He looks very unamused
made Parliament stop all plays in 1642
closed down Globe Theater in 1642
Globe Theater destroyed in 1644
Uses in Elizabethan Era
Political: to maintain order
Literal: to compare who is better
Moral: To describe someone with a lower or higher rank in chain