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Sino-Soviet Split

Mao and Khruschev
by

mick purcell

on 22 April 2010

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Transcript of Sino-Soviet Split

Double click anywhere & add an idea Sino - Soviet Split, 1957 - 1962:
Mao & Khrushchev have a spat Roots of the Sino - Soviet Split:

Historical Animosity: 1858 & 1860

28 Bolsheviks & Zunyi Conference

Mao has always distrusted Soviet wing

Major disagreements over WWII and ROC

Mao expected better treatment in Moscow The first omens:

Secret Speech, 1956

Swimming Pool Incident

Great Leap Forward Senior Brother -- Junior Brother

Khrushchev was insenstitive to the emotions of Mao and the Chinese -- he realized it later, especially with regard to the Chinese proposal for help with a Navy. He didn't understand that the Chinese had a long historical resentment of being treated as a "lesser power" dating back to the Opium Wars. Lushan Conference:

July 1959 represents a turning point
in Chinese History. Mao received a letter
from Peng Dehuai, army hero, and he threw a fit --
he was very sensitive to criticism. He got
Jiang Qing involved. He gave one of his most
famous speeches, including colorful phrases, e.g. Peng received one of the worst criticisms
possible -- he was branded a "Khrushchev Revisionist."
This is what led him to be a favorite target of
the Red Gurads . . . . If you need to fart, . . . FART!
If you need to shit, . . . SHIT! Who is this guy? What was I trying to say?

The Foreign Policy of Mao, especially, was motivated by domestic concerns

In particular, after the Great Leap Forward (1958), Mao had many critics

Mao was able to use his "enormous appeal among the masses" (Spence) to deflect criticsim

The Lushan Conference was a turning point in Chinese History

There was no longer discussion amongst party leaders, but instead, slavish obedience to Mao

Mao, himself, often seemed undecided about which direction "the Revolution" should take

Lin Biao realized an opportunity: "Lean towards the Left"


Gaddis:

Kris has figured out that I don't like Gaddis (Tagore loves him, though)

Gaddis has an idea: the "Big Powers" were slaves to the "Medium Powers"

Only an American can think like that
Full transcript