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Transcript of Sino-Soviet Split
Mao & Khrushchev have a spat Roots of the Sino - Soviet Split:
Historical Animosity: 1858 & 1860
28 Bolsheviks & Zunyi Conference
Mao has always distrusted Soviet wing
Major disagreements over WWII and ROC
Mao expected better treatment in Moscow The first omens:
Secret Speech, 1956
Swimming Pool Incident
Great Leap Forward Senior Brother -- Junior Brother
Khrushchev was insenstitive to the emotions of Mao and the Chinese -- he realized it later, especially with regard to the Chinese proposal for help with a Navy. He didn't understand that the Chinese had a long historical resentment of being treated as a "lesser power" dating back to the Opium Wars. Lushan Conference:
July 1959 represents a turning point
in Chinese History. Mao received a letter
from Peng Dehuai, army hero, and he threw a fit --
he was very sensitive to criticism. He got
Jiang Qing involved. He gave one of his most
famous speeches, including colorful phrases, e.g. Peng received one of the worst criticisms
possible -- he was branded a "Khrushchev Revisionist."
This is what led him to be a favorite target of
the Red Gurads . . . . If you need to fart, . . . FART!
If you need to shit, . . . SHIT! Who is this guy? What was I trying to say?
The Foreign Policy of Mao, especially, was motivated by domestic concerns
In particular, after the Great Leap Forward (1958), Mao had many critics
Mao was able to use his "enormous appeal among the masses" (Spence) to deflect criticsim
The Lushan Conference was a turning point in Chinese History
There was no longer discussion amongst party leaders, but instead, slavish obedience to Mao
Mao, himself, often seemed undecided about which direction "the Revolution" should take
Lin Biao realized an opportunity: "Lean towards the Left"
Kris has figured out that I don't like Gaddis (Tagore loves him, though)
Gaddis has an idea: the "Big Powers" were slaves to the "Medium Powers"
Only an American can think like that