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History: The French Resistance Movement

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Peter Fellows

on 19 September 2018

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Transcript of History: The French Resistance Movement

History: The French Resistance Movement during

Resistance Fighter
Resistance Flag
What was the French Resistance?
Achievements of the Movement
All movements had newspapers that were distributed.

Developed intelligence, created escape operations and organized strikes.

Major role in liberation of 2/3 of French territory.

Sabotage increased retreat and regrouping of Germany army after landings in Normandy and Provence by Allied forces.
After Hitler overtook Paris in June of 1940, lots of the French public felt very ashamed and determined to free their country.

Initially, various small resistance groups were formed with little to no success, because they lacked leadership and needed to be united.

By 1941, an organized underground resistance movement was established, the 'Free French Movement', led by General Charles de Gaulle from London, who would later become President.

Unofficial records put membership at 400,000.

The movement played a significant role throughout the Nazi Invasion, as they continuously updated the Allies about German movements and the amount of arms and equipment located in the country.
What were the tactics of the Resistance?
To disrupt the German supply and communication routes, often with Guerilla tactics.

Provide Allies with intelligence information about German movements.

Assist the escape of Allied pilots and forces, and behind the enemy line missions.

To encourage further resistance and revolt against Nazis in France.

Publish underground newspapers and propaganda to ignite a sense of nationalism and patriotism.
Were they all Fighters?
-Enlisted member of the
French Army.

-Prisoner of War in 1940.

-Not very involved in Politics, just when it directly interfered with his work; wrote a letter to the Government to not execute a fellow author.

-Supported the Resistance through his art and with plays like
("Charles de Gaulle saluting.").
What would you do in their position if you felt you were being oppressed or were in war?

What were the risks to them if they were involved?

What do you think were the most effective tactics and plans they used?
A brief history of WW2:
What happened in France?
France surrendered to Nazi Germany on June 24 1940 after Hitler invaded Paris. In July Hitler and the Germans created a new government in France in a town called Vichy which worked with the French government.

The French government believed that if they worked with Hitler and were co-operative with him they would be able to preserve their country, however, this was never Hitler's plan - he wanted complete control.

This led to France being divided between those people who went along with Hitler, and those who didn't.
Famous people in the resistance
Jean Moulin (20 June 1899 – 8 July 1943) was a high-profile member of the Resistance in France during World War II. He is remembered today as an important symbol of the Resistance, owing mainly to his role in unifying the French resistance under Charles de Gaulle and his death while in Gestapo custody.
Cécile Rol-Tanguy, now 97, worked as the personal Agent de Liaison for her husband Henri Rol-Tanguy, carrying orders around Paris in the bedding of her baby’s pram, as well as revolvers, grenades and ammunition hidden in potato sacks.
Anouilh - Playwrite
The role of women
Full transcript