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Orton Gillingham

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Nana Aba Kufuor

on 24 October 2013

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Transcript of Orton Gillingham

Why use it
Dyslexia
A general term for disorders that involve difficulty in learning to read or interpret words, letters, and other symbols, but that do not affect general intelligence.
Orton-Gillingham
Nana Aba Kufuor & Kim D'Cunha
Psych 312
The end!
Any questions?
How is it different?
Instructional approach intended to match the needs of those with language processing problems associated with dyslexia
History
Neuropsychiatrist and pathologist

Pioneered the study of learning disabilities

Best known for his work examining the causes and treatment of reading disability, now known as dyslexia
Educator and psychologist

She worked with Dr. Orton to compile and publish instructional materials that would benefit language learners with dyslexia

This information became the foundation for student instruction and teacher training in what became known as the Orton-Gillingham Approach
Multisensory
Structured
Individual
Direct
Synthetic and analytic
Promote better retention

Simultaneously visual, auditory, and kinesthetic-tactile to enhance memory and learning.

1. Affects 1 out of 5 children in the US

2. Represents the most common and prevalent of learning disabilities.

3. Some forms are highly heritable.

4. Leading cause of reading failure and school dropouts in our nation.

5. Children do NOT outgrow
Examples!
Advantages
Learning alphabetic patterns and words by utilizing all three pathways: visual, auditory and kinesthetic

Studies have shown decoding improvement

Definition
Samuel Orton
Anna Gillingham
"Dyslexic students need a different approach to learning language from that employed in most classrooms.

They need to be taught, slowly and thoroughly, the basic elements of their language -- the sounds and the letters which represent them -- and how to put these together and take them apart.

They have to have lots of practice in having their writing hands, eyes, ears, and voices working together for the conscious organization and retention of their learning"
References
Orton Gillingham Multisensory Phonics Reading Program. (n.d.). Orton Gillingham Multisensory Phonics Reading Program. Retrieved October 23, 2013, from http://www.gophonics.com/orton_gillingham.html

Academy of Orton-Gillingham. (n.d.). <i>Academy of Orton-Gillingham</i>. Retrieved October 23, 2013, from http://www.ortonacademy.org/approach.php

Lexercise. (n.d.). Lexercise. Retrieved October 23, 2013, from http://www.lexercise.com/blog/2011/03/what-is-orton-gillingham/
Full transcript