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biomimicry

biomimicry institute
by

laurie karsten

on 25 May 2010

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Transcript of biomimicry

BIOMIMICRY INSTITUTE definition: 1. Nature runs on sunlight.
2. Nature uses only the energy it needs.
3. Nature fits form to function.
4. Nature recycles everything.
5. Nature rewards cooperation.
6. Nature banks on diversity.
7. Nature demands local expertise.
8. Nature curbs excesses from within.
9. Nature taps the power of limits.






founding principles INTRODUCTION “the copying or imitation of a natural phenomenon's or environment's efficiency and survival mechanisms in manufacturing processes or in applied case-based reasoning.” strategies 1. Developing educational programs for students, professionals and the general public.
http://www.asknature.org/
exhibits, lectures, and workshops
K-12 cirriculum
university program
certificate program
Ask the Planet CD http://www.myspace.com/asktheplanet
Biomimicry Design Spiral
resources leadership Janine Benyus

2. Working to create public policies that use biomimicry as a solution to sustainability challenges.

3. Encouraging companies that are profiting from biomimicry to provide financial support for biodiversity.
Innovation for Conservation


Emulating natural forms, processes, and systems to give sustainable solutions to today’s problems.

A new way of viewing and valuing nature. Nature is a teacher rather than a collection of resources available for extraction.

Nature is the judge, determining the ecological rightness of human innovations.
Model:

Mentor:

Measure:
NATURE as...
history
1997 - Biomimicry: Innovation Inspired by Nature


1998 - Biomimicry Guild founded (for-profit)


2005 - Biomimicry Institute founded (non-profit) THE GENIUS OF NATURE biomimicry addresses the design of products,
rather than how products are used. uses Before aerodynamics of the airplane wing were understood, humans
tried to recreate the bird’s flight system through direct imitation.





Though it took several attempts to lead to successful human
flight, the source for initial inspiration and ideas was found in nature. It is a natural instinct to copy what works
if the way it is working is apparent. Eastgate Center * Ventilation system based on termite mounds

* Adopting this system cuts ventilation costs by 90% when compared to conventional HVAC systems.

* Building maintenance accounts for 40% of all energy used by humans (Biomimicry Institute).

*HVAC costs are practically eliminated Harare, Zimbabwe Bullet train : Kingfisher * The pressure change is similar to that of a kingfisher when transitioning from air to water.

* The nose of the train is modeled after the beak of a kingfisher to eliminate the sonic boom that occurs when the train emerges from a tunnel.

* Reduced electricity by 15%, even when traveling 10% faster than before. Tubercules were added along the leading edge of wind turbine blades.

This bio-inspired design improved lift by 8%, reduced drag by 32% and increased the angle of attack by 40%. Windturbines : Humpback Whale Fins Lavasa india: >1.5 billion.
urban india: 300 million
urban environment is a third of the US's.
US: 300 million

The plan for Lavasa offers a solution that is sensitive to the environment and can keep pace with a rapidly growing population.
case study: pune, india HOK Architects and the Biomimicry Guild forged a partnership to create the comprehensive plan for Lavasa based on ideas of new urbanism, which promotes pedestrian neighborhoods that contain a range of housing and job types.

“There is an irrevocable law of nature that states: a species cannot occupy a niche that appropriates all resources—there has to be some sharing” (Jaiswai).
Lavasa uses local forests
and ecosystems as a
model for development. a well-balanced system ecosystems out of balance: the red fox comes to Australia Natural ecosystems cannot process the excess
carbon dioxide created by human industry. invasion of human populations: there will always be some disruption due to the differing social, economic, political, spatial, and environmental needs between humans and other species By looking at natural models for consuming carbon dioxide, systems can be designed to restore balance in the ecosystem and reduce excess concentration in the atmosphere. Inspired by coral and seashells...
concrete that uses carbon dioxide
instead of producing it. starter motor model resources goods and services local action expanding human, material, and organizational resource base new goods and services Aga Khan Rural Support Program & Biomimicry “We can’t solve problems by using the same kind of
thinking we used when we created them.”
- Albert Einstein WEAKNESSES TO ADDRESS 1 2 3 President of the Board of Directors Executive Director fundamental differences The theory proposes that the more human the human world functions like the natural world functions like the natural world, the more likely it is to survive.
This logic is faulty, because nature copes in a fundamentally different way than humans do.
Natural and human technologies are separated by differences in fundamental shapes and mechanical aspects.
the design process: right angles
dry and stiff
hinges slide and connect through joints
engines expand or spin

curves
wet and flexible
hinges bend
engines contract and slide
Human products:
tools and techniques
manufactured and assembled
create waste
macroscopic level
attention given to physical and functional characteristics

Natural products:
physical characteristics
grown
consume by-products
microscopic level
attention given to chemical make-up and physiological characteristics

Considerations should be made as to whether biomimicry is an appropriate and realistic approach.
The scale, structure, or weight of a natural solution may not adapt accordingly to the human counterpart.
Nature evolved slowly within the context of ecosystems
The rate of environmental deterioration does not allow endless opportunities for experimentation
It is imperative to install and practice environmentally friendly solutions now
Biomimicry Institute and all other advocators need to bridge the gap between user and product.
Biomimicry should be viewed as part of an approach to sustainability, rather than an approach in itself.
A sustainable future will not rely on one single approach, but rather the consolidation of sustainable ideas. It is the responsibility of organizations to shift their goals towards a collaborative approach to a sustainable future.
CONCLUSION Nature is inspiration and initiate in the design process
Considerations of the problem context should determine the best solution
Consumer choice and human practice should work in tandem with the design, use, and manufacturing of products and processes.

Bryony Schwan model and solution If the general consumer fails to understand the product, then a good intention falls short of success
focuses too heavily on the design of a physical product and the education of designers and engineers
falls short in stage of local action
considering human behavior http://www.asknature.org/
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