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Rwanda [Hutu/Tutsi Conflict]
Transcript of Rwanda [Hutu/Tutsi Conflict]
- In 1994 the Mass Murder death toll reached an estimate of 800,000 - 1,000,000 people Rwanda:
& Unity Motivations Restoring justice by repairing the harm caused by the criminal behaviors of both populations through a cooperative process to encourage these communities to build sound relationships and most importantly trust. Policy: If you killed someone then you had to buy their family a cow. Cows were used as a symbol of wealth and respect. Unity Reconciliation Barriers Genocide -As much as 20% of the country's total population made up the death toll
-Since the 2000 Arusha Peace Process, today in Burundi the Tutsi minority shares power with the Hutu majority. Wings for Africa Outcome:
Welfare and good governance
Tutsi v. Hutu Elite minority
14% of the population
Exclusive ownership of land and cattle
More civilized, superior, and European
Longer Necks 85% of the population
Stocky, strong farmers
Remained absent from elected offices
Ignorant, backwards, and vile
Darker Skin Unity is... Harmony or agreement between people or groups
An undivided or unbroken completeness or totality with nothing wanting
The state or quality of being one
Our Mission To build trust between two opposing groups of people in order to coexist as one community through communication, joint economic gain, and prosperity. Assessment of Needs Previous Experiences Observations Learning Preconceived Notions Selective Exposure Percieved Differences Knowledge Level of Dogmatism Beliefs Attitude Intentions Evaluation of Beliefs Pre-Genocide Government Rwanda gained independence from Belgium on July 1, 1962, under Hutu rule. Gregoire Kayibanda -first elected and second president of Rwanda. (Hutu) Replaced Tutsi monarchy with a republican form of government. Juvenal Habyarimana overthrew Kayibanda and established the MRND. Was in power from 1973 until 1994 (killed when airplane was shot down). Post-Genocide Government President is both head of state and head of government. The first presidential election and legislative elections were held in August and September of 2003.
Government prohibits any form of discrimination by gender, ethnicity, race or religion.
Also laws have been passed prohibiting emphasis on Hutu or Tutsi identity. President is elected for a seven-year term by the people. Kagame succeeded Bizimungu as president in April, becoming the first Tutsi to be president of Rwanda.
Constitution established in 2003.
Country divided into five provinces. Agricultural people were considered Hutu.
Cattle-owning (elites) were considered Tutsi. Cultural Norms What is Reconciliation? Behavior The restoration of peaceful or amicable relations between two individuals or groups of individuals who were previous in conflict with each other In June 1998, a group of friends got together and started the "Mabawa Association." Since then, the N.G.O. has worked to rebuild an area that had been devasted by the 1994 Genocide. Valerie Hengemuhle
Adam Ferreira One Laptop Per Child Rwanda announced in January 2007 it would work with One Laptop per Child. In 2008, it received 10,000 XOs. In early 2010, the government purchased 65,000 XO laptops so that schools in every school district could begin receiving laptops for P4-P6 students. "We aim to provide a rugged, low-cost, low-power, connected laptop for the world's most isolated and poorest children. With access to this type of tool, children are engaged in their own education, and learn, share, and create together. They become connected to each other, to the world and to a brighter future." The Home Depot Foundation
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The Home Depot Foundation and its ongoing partnerships with nonprofit organizations
The Home Depot donates millions of hours, tools and supplies each year to community service projects
NBA Cares Global community outreach initiative that addresses important social issues such as education, youth and family development, and health and wellness. Community Partners:
Habitat for Humanity
Rebuilding Together Impactful Programs:
Basketball w/o Borders
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