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Leadership Styles

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Katie Murphy

on 17 May 2015

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Transcript of Leadership Styles

When to Use this Style
When situations change frequently it can bring the best out in a team.
It uses team member's talents and skills by sharing all their views.
It shines when you have different areas of expertise.
(Democratic Leadership Style,2015)
Democratic
Transformational
Leadership Styles
From Democratic to Autocratic people define their own ways of leadership that suits their style.

Research has proven frameworks have been developed to categorize the main ways to lead people.

Throughout this presentation each leadership style will be articulated to provide an overview of the styles that describe the common ways of leading people.

Once gaining knowledge of the styles a leader can formulate their own method in leading their people.
Laissez-Faire
By: Kathleen Murphy, Adam Webb, Cindy Attard,
Carli Barron and Ashlee Tait
Contact: 100710105@student.swin.edu.au

Autocratic
Has control over all decisions
(Loiseau J, 2015)
Characteristics

Accepts minimal input from others
(Cherry K, 2015)

Dictates all processes and procedures
(Cherry K, 2015)
Monitors progress very closely
(Cherry K, 2015)
Power/Authority/Control
(Anon, 2015)
Benefits
Exceptional Organisation
(Anon, 2015)
Transactional
Efficient job completion due to strong leadership
(Cherry K, 2015)
Maintains order and discipline
(Cherry K, 2015)
Group members can concentrate on the set task
(Cherry K, 2015)

Negatives
If position is abused can be interpretted as controlling or bossy
(Cherry K, 2015)
Can lead to resentment or hostility within group
(Anon, 2015)
Often lack creative resolutions to situations which can be detrimental to overall group performance
(Cherry K, 2015)
When to use this style
Best used when control is necessary and there is no room for error
.
An example of this is in a dangerous situation when rules must be adhered to, to prevent injuries. This could be in the military or even construction sites. Another example is the Catholic Church with their 'Dictators and Monarchs'
(Loiseau J, 2015)
Characteristics
Benefits
Negatives
When to use this style
Negatives
Characteristics

Intervene as little as possible
Team to make the decisions
Relies on the experience and skills of team
'Hands off' approach
Autonomous/Mentor/Team
Benefits
Group members satisfaction
Tasks completed with group agreement
Self leadership
Creativity
Motivated Organisation
Can lead to bullying within the team
Relies on highly skilled and motivated team
When to use this style
Best used when creativity and innovation is required
When the team is highly motivated, with the skills and creativity to communicate and innovate each other.
Can lead to lack of supervision and communication, leading to prolonged decision making
Ambiguity within the team
Ideas and conversation runs freely amongst the group
Characteristics
Characteristics
Benefits
Negatives
Credibility of Sources
Referencing List
Benefits
Negatives
40 Leadership Speeches
The group is seated at a table and everyone is free to share ideas
This style is great for fast moving organisations
The leader must be able to communicate back to the group
Uses rewards and punishment to motivate
(Maier, 2015)
Management makes sure everything 'runs smoothly'
(Ingram, 2015)
Work must be at an appropriate standard
(Manktelow, 2013)

Subordinates are required to fulfill goals from their leader
(Maier, 2015)
incentives will motivate workers to perform their best
(Ingram, 2015)
Chain of command provides a clear structured system
(Maier, 2015)
Disregards emotions and values
(Weber & Bass, 2015)
Can come across as 'irrational
(Weber & Bass, 2015)
Conclusion
When to Use this Style
A visionary
Confident in their role and making decisions
Will work to change an organisation's culture, unlike a transactional leader, who will work within the existing culture
Willingness to make sacrifices
Injects passion and energy into all they do
Can be demanding when seeking to achieve a consensus
Creates a shared vision and goals
Roles and responsibilities are clear
(Manktelow, 2013)
Rules over people, having fear of punishment
(Weber & Bass, 2015)
'
May cause destructive competition
(Weber & Bass, 2015)

Simple and straightforward; obey or else
(Weber & Bass, 2015)
When situations need to run smoothly, no time to think about new solutions
(Ingram, 2015)
An example of transactional leadership is a coach. The coach motivates the team to win, and this is how the team is rewarded.
(Boundless, 2015)
Keeps communication open
Invites discussion, opinions and views
Encourages ideas
Can cause difficulties when in need of a quick decision
Confusion if communication is not clear
People who are not confident or
in-experienced may struggle with this style
Introduction

They strive for success, and with passion and energy it makes it a fun experience
They consider their team, they think about individual team members and where they are at
Trust is created in order to be followed. People know they are getting on board with someone who truly believes in the vision themselves
Followers can become transformational leaders too
Can miss the small details while looking at the big picture

If they don’t have people on board taking care of the minor issues they weren't prepared for, they will often fail
Transformational leaders seek to transform; if there is nothing to transform and people are happy with the ways things are they can become frustrated
When change is necessary in order to improve a company’s performance, for example changing the vision and direction of the company.
A transformational leader will be able to transform the organisation from the inside out by leading individuals one by one towards success by selling them the vision and getting them to take ownership of the necessary change.

(Changing Minds, 2012)
Images
Harvard Referencing Style
Examines the causes of issues, where as transformational leadership look at effects
(Paine, 2015)
In this presentation, leadership styles have been categorized to provide a clear distinction between the common ways of leading people. These styles have been analysed based on their general characteristics, benefits, negative aspects, as well as, when the particular style can be used effectively.

All leadership styles share a common goal which is to lead, motivate and provide direction to the team. The characteristics of each style differentiate it from the other styles and therefore the leader’s personality or the situation, will determine when it is used.

Democratic, Laissez-Faire and Transformational leadership methods focus on an open team-building environment. These methods motivate their people and encourage the generation of ideas. Contrasting these forms of leadership, is Autocratic and Transactional leadership. These styles consist of a powerful leader, who uses control as a method to direct the team, and do not encourage team participation.

Each style of leadership can be used in a negative or positive way, and the outcome for the team will be determined by which leadership style is most suited to the leader as well as their people.
For the purpose of this presentation online informational sources have been used to research this topic. To ensure the credibility and reliability of the information, criteria coined by Miriam J. Metzger has been taken into consideration. Five key criterion from Metzger’s article Making Sense of Credibility on the Web: Models for Evaluation Online Information and Recommendations for Future Research have been applied to this research; most resources take into account all five. (Metzger, 2007)

The key criterion chosen include sources that have credible authors; their credentials are verifiable and they provide contact details. The publication of the information is no more than 5 years old, which means the information is current and not considered to be outdated. External links or comments for the source are present to verify that it is not a rare piece of information and there is similar information available from multiple different sources, supporting its claims. And finally the intent of the website is clear; this means that the material is intended to inform the audience and not present an opinion piece.
Anders Skogstad, S. E. 2007, The Destructiveness of Laissez-Faire Leadership Behavior.
Journal of Occupational Health Psychology , 12 (1), pp.80-92.

Basu, C 2015, ‘Transformational Leadership Examples in Business’, Chron, Viewed 5 May 2015,
<http://smallbusiness.chron.com/transformational-leadership-examples-business-20730.html>

Boundless, 2015 “Key Behaviors of Transactional Leaders.” Boundless Management. Boundless. viewed 16 May. 2015 from <https://www.boundless.com/management/textbooks/boundless-management-textbook/leadership-9/types-of-leaders-72/key-behaviors-of-transactional-leaders-356-6822>

Cherry, K 2015, What Is Autocratic Leadership?, About.com Education, Viewed 8 May 2015,
<http://psychology.about.com/od/leadership/f/autocratic-leadership.htm>

Cherry, K 2015, What Is Laissez-Faire Leadership? The Pros and Cons of the Delegative Leadership Style, About.com Education,
Viewed 6 May 2015, <http://psychology.about.com/od/leadership/f/laissez-faire-leadership.htm>

Defining Leadership, 2015, Democratic leadership style-getting the best from those around you,
Viewed 11 May 2015, <http://www.defining-leadership.com/democratic-leadership-style/>

Democratic Leadership Style, 2015, Leadership Styles:Democratic Leadership Style, Leadership-Toolbox.com,
Viewed 12 May 2015, <http://www.leadership-toolbox.com/democratic-leadership-style.html>

Grimsley, S n.d. What Is Democratic Leadership?-Definition,Advantages & Disadvantages, style.com,
Viewed 12 May 2015, <http://study.com/academy/lesson/what-is-democratic-leadership-definition-advantages-disadvantages.html>

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James, R 2015, Democratic Leadership Style, Academia.edu,
Viewed 12 May 2015, <http://www.academia.edu/1320375/Democratic_Leadership_Style>


Loiseau, J, ‘Types of Leadership Styles’ Academia.edu,
Viewed 8 May 2015, <http://www.academia.edu/474807/Types_of_Leadership_styles>

Maier, C 2015, The Advantages of Transactional Leadership, eHow,
Viewed 6 May 2015, <http://www.ehow.com/info_8460959_advantages-transactional-leadership.html>.

Manktelow, J 2013, Leadership Styles Choosing the Right Approach for the Situation, MindTools.com,
Viewed 6 May 2015, <http://www.mindtools.com/pages/article/newLDR_84.htm>.

Metzger, M 2007, 'Making Sense of Credibility on the Web: Models for Evaluating Online Information and Recommendations for Future Research', Journal of the American Society for Information Science & Technology, vol. 58, no. 13, viewed 16 March 2015, Swinburne Online

Morris, L 2010 (video file), 40 Leader Speeches in 2 Mins, 31 May, Viewed 3 May 2015, <www.youtube.com/watch?v=mQerL6YmxR8>

Oreg, S & Berson, Y 2011, ‘Leadership and Employees’ Reactions to Change: The Role of Leaders’ Personal Attributes and Transformational Leadership Style’ Personnel Psychology,Vol.64(3), pp.627-659

Relaxdaily 2014, Relaxdaily Number 084- Relaxing Instrumental Music, Sound Cloud, (music), October 2014, Available from: <https://soundcloud.com/relaxdaily/relaxdaily-n084-relaxing-instrumental-music-studying-relaxing-spa>

Timothy R., Hinkin, C. A 2008, ‘An Examination of “Nonleadership”: From Laissez-Faire Leadership to Leader Reward Omission and Punishment Omission’ Journal of Applied Psychology , 93 (6), pp. 1234-1248.

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Weber, M & Bass B 2015, Transactional Leadership Theories, Leadership-Central.com,
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‘Which of These Leadership Styles Are You?’, 2015, Warrior Life Leadership,
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(Anders Stogstad S.E, 2007)
(defence personnel, 2015)
(Bill Gates 2015)
(Cherry K, 2015)
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(Cherry K, 2015)
(Zwilling M, 2013)
(Cherry K, 2015)
(Cherry K, 2015)
(Cherry K, 2015)
(Timothy R, 2008)
(Cherry K, 2015)
(Cherry K, 2015)
(Zwilling M, 2013)
(Cherry K, 2015)
(Cherry K, 2015)
(Timothy R, 2008)
(Timothy R, 2008)
(Changing Minds, 2012)
(Basu, 2015)
(Langston.edu)
(Changing Minds, 2012)
(Basu, 2015)
(Basu, 2015)
(Changing Minds, 2012
)
(Changing Minds, 2012)
(Langston.edu)
(Changing Minds, 2012)
(Changing Minds, 2012)
(Changing Minds, 2012)
(Defining Leadership,2015)
(Democratic Leadership Style,2015)
Democratic Leadership,2015)
(
(Grimsley S., 2015)
Background music: (Relaxdaily, 2012)
(James R.,2015)
(Morris 2010)
(Defining Leadership,2015)
(Defining Leadership,2015)
(Defining Leadership,2015)
(James R,2015)
(Defining Leadership,2015)
(Defining Leadership,2015)
(Anon)
(James R,2015)

Zwilling 2013
(Wolfe 2013)
Scanlon,2014
Ocean County Democrats,2015
(Glase, 2012)
(Pickles, 2015)
Full transcript