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Systemic Functional Grammar of Japanese

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mkr russell

on 5 February 2013

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Transcript of Systemic Functional Grammar of Japanese

indicative MOOD English: Subject + Finite
Japanese: Predicator + Negotiator Interpersonal Systems Interpersonal Functions
Interpersonal Metafunction Systemic Functional Grammar
of Japanese: SOV:

I made a movie. Japanese Grammar Compare to English: SVO (SFPCA) The movie was made (by me). Japanese Grammar MOOD: INDICATIVE TYPE MOOD: NON-INDICATIVE TYPE Negotiator Predicator modal Adjunct POLARITY POLITENESS MODALITY Characteristics of imperative: MOOD and POLITENESS intersect with POLARITY, in that the predicator changes depending on the polarity of the proposition or proposal.

Example: POLARITY Imperative and indicative moods intersect with the system of POLITENESS POLITENESS Major interpersonal system: Minor interpersonal systems: Expresses speaker identity / attitudinal stance

At the end of the clause where speaker is about to hand over to the addressee

Creates the finale of the clause as an interactive move Comparing MOOD sub-types EVIDENTIALITY HONORIFICATION non-indicative Demanding or offering goods and services
Subject is 'you' 'I' or 'we'
Subject usually implicit
Refers only to present situation Optional, but important in interpersonal exchange. Comparing Predicators Paradigm of Primary Speech Functions Subject is implicit as long as it is apparent from the co-text.
If Subject is 'I', it is usually implicit:
eiga-o tsukutta
(I made a movie) Adjunct may come before or after Subject and Complement, but always before Predicator: Japanese Predicator is a combination of English Finite and Predicator:

MOOD (indicative or non-indicative)
MODALITY (probability, obligation, etc.)
TENSE (past or present)
POLARITY (negative or positive)
POLITENESS (marked or unmarked) Indicate mood (ka-, no- question; na- prohibition)
Assign the complementary role to the addressee (ne- asks for confirmation)
Add interpersonal force (yo- insistence)
Express gender identity (wa- femaleness)

Optional except when indicating mood
Optional Negotiator particles are a feature of spoken Japanese and seldom occur in written form. Roles of the Negotiator: Verbal group= verb stem+ inflectional suffixes, auxiliaries, and endings

Inflections distinguish MOOD types (declarative vs. imperative)

Japanese verbs are morphologically rich Teruya, K. (2007). A Systemic Functional Grammar of Japanese (Vol. 1).
New York: Continuum. Reference: Negotiator: Interpersonal Particles Negotiator: Interpersonal Particles
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