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Leeds February 2014

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Federico Venturini

on 15 February 2015

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Transcript of Leeds February 2014

Federico Venturini

Sara Gonzalez
Paul Chatterton
Being in Brazil in a revolutionary time
Notes from a field work in Rio de Janeiro
Urban resistance and contestation in Latin America. A view from Buenos Aires and Rio de Janeiro, Leeds - 19th February 2014
Cities and Grassroots Urban Initiatives: a Social Ecology Approach

Marcelo Lopes de Souza, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro

27 March 2013 – 5 August
27 September – 27 January 2014

How the movements are addressing the urban crisis, how are they struggling?

Social Ecology as a lens.
Importance of Solidarity (Aboriginal activists group,1970; Galeano 2003; Milstein 2010)
Understanding possible intersections, differences between Western and Latin American experiences (Motta 2012)
Process of decolonizing knowledge (Ramnath 2011)
My research
What happened!
Practices of resistance
What it is next?
Linked with many other issues:
social inequality
mega events (FIFA world cup 2014, Olympics Game 2016)
indios and other minority groups
right to the city
political reform
Millions of people in the streets
Urban social movement
Coordinated mobilization in all the country (fortuity?)
Comparable (or bigger) that demos from Diretas Ja 1984 or Collor impeachment 1992
22th of March eviction of the Aldeia Maracanã
June 2013: protest against increases in bus, train and metro ticket prices

Inhabitants tot.6.305.279 (2010)
Inhabitants in favelas 1.092.476 (2001)
Center zone South zone

North zone West zone

Aboriginal activists group, Queensland, 1970s. [online][accessed: 19.02.2014] Available at: http://unnecessaryevils.blogspot.com.br/2008/11/attributing-words.html

Galeano E., 2003. [online][accessed: 19.02.2014] Available at: http://www.mail-archive.com/ugandanet@kym.net/msg05039.html

Graeber, D., 2008. The Shock of Victory. Rolling Thunder, (5).

KINNA, R. (ed.) 2012. The Continuum Companion to Anarchism. London : Continuum International Publishing Group.

Milstein, C., 2010. Anarchism and Its Aspiration. Oakland: AK Press and the Institute for Anarchist Studies.

Motta S. 2012, Leyendo el anarchismo a través de ojos latinoamericanos: Reading Anarchism through Latin American Eyes in KINNA, R. (ed.) 2012. The Continuum Companion to Anarchism. London : Continuum International Publishing Group. Pp 252-277.

Ramnath, M. 2011. Decolonizing Anarchism. Oakland, Edinburgh : AK Press.

Santos, M. 1993 2013. A urbanização brasileira. San Paolo : Ed Usp.

SOUZA, M. L. de 2001. The Brazilian Way of Conquering the “Right to the City”. DISP, 147, 25.
Souza, de, M. L. 2003. ABC do Desenvolvimento Urbano. Rio de Janeiro : Bertrand Brasil.

Turbulence Collective, 2010. Turbulence Book: What Would it Mean to Win?. Oakland : PM Press.
Center zone 296.400
South zone 1.009.170
North zone 2.400.148
West zone 2.614.728

2010 Census
Rio de Janeiro

Cidade Maravilhosa
Marvelous City

Many general problems:
social inequality
health care
school system
absence of a city planning
environmental crisis

General deterioration of living conditions (Santos 1993; Souza 2001)

Socio-political fragmentation of urban space (Souza 2001; Souza 2003)
As jornadas de junho
15th-30th of June, 6 cities

demonstrations before/during/after each game
FIFA got scared

Rio de Janeiro, last day:
two demonstrations
fracture in the movement
activists resistance more organized
7th of September
Teachers strike
8th of Agust- 24th of October

first after many years
against new liberal project of education
large popular support
people who used BB tactic are their students

Strikes also in bank and mail sectors
Are we winning?
two big Occupy style encampment:
Ocupa Cabral, in front of the house of the Governor in Leblon, 2 months
Ocupa Camara, inside and outside the City Council, Cinelândia, 2 months

other examples: Ocupa Lapa, Ocupa ALERJ, Ocupa Aldeia, Ocupa UERJ, ...

a base for demonstrators for assembly and action
strong visibility in society
work with homeless
banned by law
a tactic
inspiration from abroad
developed in response to police repression
aims to protect demonstrators
use of direct actions
shield for self protections
destruction of symbol of capitalism (e.g. banks)
Core of the Movement
Structured as:
0. information
1. agenda
new actions
political importance of moderator
decision by majority
consensus procedures and hand signals are getting space (e.g. Assembleia do Largo)

Assemblies with 100-200 people
Movement and neighborhood assemblies
In open/closed spaces
ticked prize blocked (momentarily)
law against homosexuality and abortion blocked
president offer a Referendum on political reforms (blocked by the Congress)
saved some building impacted by demolition

opened a space for political discussion in society
more people politicized

changes still on minor things
political-economic system refrain from a deep change
11 protesters died
recent death of a cameraman
heavy criminalization of social movements
'real' change?
2013 FIFA Confederations Cup
Strong and manipulator corporate media

Alternative media deconstruction it worked
activist in streets/home
production of photo, video, articles, satire
help to organize
recorded the excesses of the police
used as legal evidence

Online streaming of demonstrations and events
interaction video-maker / 'public'

My research

Rio de Janeiro:
Context (a bit of)
What happened! (few bits)
Practices of resistance
Are we winning?
What it is next?
FIFA World Cup 2014 - 12th June to 13th July 2014

General election (President, the National Congress, state governors and state legislatures) - 5th October 2014
(Graeber 2008; Turbulence Collective 2010)
the Black Bloc
Popular assemblies
Alternative media
National Independence Day

Traditional demonstrations in all the country
"Grito dos Excluídos" (Cry of the Excluded)

Rio de Janeiro:
social movements managed to enter and disrupt in the military parade heavy repression, police trow gas on the bleachers


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