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Kristen Kwong

on 20 February 2013

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Transcript of Anonymous

Kristen Kwong / Block A / February 20, 2013 Forced_Anon At first, Christopher Poole, then 14-year-old founder of 4chan, set up the site so that users posted via a nickname. That is, until a PHP programmer and 4chan user called "Shii" published an essay on being anonymous on image boards.

According to Shii, "On an anonymous forum, logic will overrule vanity".

Shii was promoted to administrator on 4chan, and implemented a feature called "Forced_Anon". Hive Mind Some people embraced the anonymity. Others didn't like it and thus devised "tripcodes", which allowed them to use a nickname.

The people who used "tripcodes" began mocking those who were anonymous, joking that the anonymous users were a single person named "Anonymous".

At first, Anonymous was merely a bunch of
unorganized geeks with nothing better to do. What they did was prank call or hack and then post embarrassing messages on another's Facebook. Chanology Middle East protests In an Internet chat, the hackers discussed the democratic uprisings of many Middle East countries.

In early January 2011, Tflow, a hacker, writes a Web script allowing protesters in Tunisia to get past government censorship. In addition, another Anon hacked into the website of the Tunisian prime minister. He posted messages on the site from Anonymous.

Anons also collaborated to deface other government sites, including Egypt and Algeria. Anonymous originated as a practical joke on the image sharing site 4chan. There are numerous discussion boards for different subjects, such as 4chan/a/ for anime, /p/ for photography, etc.

The most important board in terms of Anonymous was the /b/ board -- random.
The /b/ board was free-for-all. 4chan's /b/ board - the origin of Anonymous In 2007, an unnamed church member leaked the video to an anti-Scientology campaigner -- Patty Pieniadz.

Pieniadz first went to NBC, but they refused cause of copyright concerns. She then turned to the next source - the Internet. The video was uploaded on many different video sharing sites, but they were promptly taken down almost the minute they were uploaded.

It was clear that the Church was sueing sites for hosting the video. 4chan users saw this as an obstruction on the sharing of information -- a right they saw they should have. The war against Scientology began when a female 4chan
user posted a thread suggesting that Anonymous should "hack" or "take down" the official Scientology site.

At first, Anons said it was going to be a "MONSTER FAIL", but the initial skepticism died out and some anons thought they could do something "epic".

One anon said: "This is the first step in something larger, something epic."
Another stated, "We are thousands strong, they can't sue all of us!" This is war! DDoS DDoSing was used by cyber criminals before the days of Anonymous. DDoS attacks worked by sending floods of junk traffic. The site would not be handle the amount of data it was getting and would crash.

Participating in a DDoS attack is illegal, breaking the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act in the US and the 2006 Police and Justice Act in the UK.

Some /b/ board users told users to DDoS a list of Scientology sites. It was as simple as inputting the URL into a site called Gigaloader.com. Gigaloader would use up the site's bandwidth, and the site crashed. A message could be included in the traffic. For example, part of a message looked like this:

/styles/xanime/top.jpg?2891740186137518147_ANON_DOES_NOT_FORGIVE HTTP/1.1 ANONYMOUS Hacktivism, Anonymity, and the Internet Anonymous erupted into something bigger when the Church of Scientology released the promotional video of Tom Cruise talking about Scientology. The Church released the video only for church members, and they weren't keen for the video to become public. CHURCH OF SCIENTOLOGY Taking to the Streets Anonymous posted a video titled "Message to Scientology" on January 21, 2008, calling for anons to "expel Scientology from the Internet". On the same day, Anonymous released a press release titled "Internet Group Anonymous Declares 'War on Scientology' ". They listed the news source as "ChanEnterprises". http://www.prlog.org/10046797-internet-group-anonymous-declares-war-on-scientology.html A new video was posted on January 28, titled "Call to Action". It called for protests outside Scientology Churches worldwide on February 10. 170 protests had been planned internationally by January 30, and a video called "Code of Conduct" was posted, outlining protest rules. Call to Action Code of Conduct February 10, 2008 Over 7000 people showed up to protest in over 100 cities worldwide. Cities with more than 100 protesters are as follows:
AUSTRALIA - Adelaide, Melbourne, and Sydney
CANADA - Toronto
UK - London, Dublin;
USA - Austin, Texas; Dallas, Texas; Boston, Massachusetts;
Clearwater, Florida; New York City, New York Anonymous protesters went to the protest in disguises, as was instructed in the "Call to Action" and "Code of Conduct" videos. Most wore Guy Fawkes masks that were made significant by the movie "V for Vendetta". Eventually, the enthusiasm surrounding the protest died out. However, it showed that Anonymous could actually make a difference. Operation Payback In 2010, Paypal announced that it will no longer support the Wikileaks donations. Wikileaks is an organization which publishes information, classified files, and sensitive data in the name of the freedom of information.

On December 4, Anonymous announced that it was planning to attack those who opposed WikiLeaks and "targets related to censorship".

On December 8, 2010, 4500 used LOIC (a DDoS program) to attack PayPal.com. However, they successfully took the site offline thanks to a single person and his botnet army. Anonymous also attacked MasterCard.com and Visa.com. WikiLeaks released over 1.2 million documents within the first year of its establishment. December 15, 2010 A PayPal employee handed over a USB drive to the FBI. The USB contained the IP addresses of 1000 people who used LOIC to attack their site. On January 27, 2011, 5 men were arrested by the British police for taking part in the attacks on the e-commerce sites. On June 7, 2011, FBI agents visit Sabu, a high level Anon who had defaced the Tunisia website. They threatened to imprison him if he didn't cooperate. "Sabu", or Hector Monsegur, agreed to become an informant to the FBI. The End...? 4 of the 5 most influential hackers of Anonymous were arrested or compromised in 2011:

On July 19, 2011, the British police claim to have arrested Tflow, whom they believe to be a sixteen year old male.

On July 27, 2011, Jake Davis was arrested, suspected to be Topiary.

On September 2, 2011, "Kayla" is arrested -- suspected 24 year old Ryan Ackroyd.

On March 6, 2012, the FBI tell the media that Hector Monsegur has been their informant. ANONYMOUS What is ANONYMOUS ? Anonymous is a group that calls themselves hacktivists. Hacktivist • n. a person who changes or manipulates information on the Internet in order to convey a political message (from Macmillan Dictionary); combination of the words hacker and activist. Anonymous opposes Internet censorship. It claims to have no leader. The Anonymous motto has been posted with their various hacks, somewhat like a signature.

We are Anonymous.
We are Legion.
We do not forgive.
We do not forget.
Expect us. Anonymous has been deemed the "digital Robin Hood", "Internet Feds", or "freedom fighters of the Internet". But are they Internet vigilantes or modern terrorists? We are Anonymous.
We are Legion.
We do not forgive.
We do not forget.
Expect us. Expect us.
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