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Transcript of APA
References Entry Guide: Books
The Importance of APA
APA stands for American Psychological Association and is most commonly used in the Social Sciences.
It gives proper credit to those whose information you use within your writing.
Citing sources will strengthen your argument by making you a credible writer and showing that you did your research.
For more help with APA citations you can use the following resources:
The St. Martin's Handbook
Hesston College Writing Fellows
Moodle Writing Support
References Entry Guide: Websites
References Entry Guide: Database
This is what a typical Work Cited entry may look like for a database article:
Some databases will actually post the citation for you.
For example: EBSCO Host
You are able to choose from a variety of different citation formats, including MLA and APA.
- References on its own page
- Entries listed in alphabetical order
-The word References centered at the top of the page
-Using hanging indents: first line of each entry flush with left margin; all other lines indented
-No space between entries
- Other guidelines can be seen listed in the example
References entries are very important when citing sources within one's paper. When citing, one must:
-- Use the name of the author and the year the source was published, including a comma between the author and year (Green, 2001).
-- If the author is introduced in the paragraph, the name does not need to appear in the citation.
-- The citation is placed within parentheses and goes at the end of the sentence before the period.
Chamberlain, J., and Chamberlain, A. (1916).
New York: The Macmillan Company.
, A. (
). Eat plants and prosper: for
longevity, go easy on the meat, study says. Retrieved from http://www.npr.org/blogs/thesalt/2014/03/04/285879644/
While some may refute vegetarianism, studies show that eating less meat and more vegetables can improve one's health. Recent research suggests that "Americans who ate a diet rich in animal protein during middle age were significantly more likely to die from cancer and other causes, compared with people who reported going easy on foods such as red meat and cheese" (
). Replacing red meat with poultry and other sources of protein can be beneficial to one's health.
*Note that the citation after a quote goes on the outside of the quotation marks. The period is not placed until the very end after the citation.
A paper written in correct APA formatting will include:
Running header: title of the paper, flush with the left margin on every page
Page number: flush with the right margin
Title page: should include title, name, and affiliation, centered below title
Abstract: follows the title page. Gives overview of the entire paper.
Everything should be double spaced, 12 pt. font, and in Times New Roman.
Brought to you by the Hesston Writing Fellows
What to Remember!
* Ask your teacher if you're unclear of which documentation style they want you to use.
* Different types of sources have different formatting styles.
* Pay close attention to the formatting within your References entries.
* Keep writing! The more you practice, the easier in-text citation and References become!
Aubrey, A. (2014). Eat plants and prosper: For longevity, go
easy on the meat, study says.
National Public Radio.
Retreived from http://www.npr.org/blogs/thesalt/2014/03/04.html
While some may refute vegetarianism, studies show that eating less meat and more vegetables can improve one's health. Author A. Aubrey (
) suggests that "Americans who ate a diet rich in animal protein during middle age were significantly more likely to die from cancer and other causes, compared with people who reported going easy on foods such as red meat and cheese." Replacing red meat with poultry and other sources of protein can be beneficial to one's health.
Aubrey, A. (
). Eat Plants And Prosper: For
Longevity, Go Easy On The Meat, Study Says. Retrieved from http://www.npr.org/blogs/thesalt/2014/03/04/285879644/
*Note that when introducing the author or article within the text, you must include the date from the reference in parenthesis. If done this way, no further citation is needed.
The St. Martin's Handbook states that "APA style requires parenthetical references in the text to document quotations, paraphrases, summaries, and other material from a source. These citations correspond to full bibliographic entries in a list of references at the end of the text" (Lunsford, 2011, p. 362).
Lunsford, A. (2011).
The St. Martin's handbook.
*Note that a book quotation requires the page number to be included in the citation, in the format
(Lastname, year, p. ###)