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Science ABC Book

By Tiller and G
by

Matthew Gendreau

on 30 March 2012

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Transcript of Science ABC Book

Tanuki Scientific Name: Phylum: Chordata Class: Mammalia Asian Giant Hornet Vespa mandirinia Scientific Name: Phylum: Arthropoda Class: Insecta They live in Eastern Asia and
the mountains of Japan. They
are usually located in temperate
or tropical rainforests. Facts: Asian Giant Hornets
can sting multiple
times because of their
lack of a barb on their
stinger. It is also known
as the Giant Sparrow
Bee. Brittle Star http://a-z-animals.com/animals/asian-giant-hornet/ Phylum: Echinodermata Class: Ophiuroidea Scientific Name: Ophiurina
gnathophiurina They can be found almost
all over the oceans of the world
but prefer to live in deep water. Cuttlefish Sepiida Scientific
Name: Phylum: Mollusca Class: Sephalopoda Cuttlefish can be found
almost all over the world
in waters deep or shallow. Facts: It is named for
its thorn-like spines
on its arms. Many brittle stars
can regenerate lost
limbs. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brittle_star Facts: Cuttlefish are
carnivorous and
may even eat
other cuttlefish of
the same or different
species. Female Cuttlefish die
after producing eggs. Diadem Urchin
Scientific Name: Diadema Setosum Phylum: Echinodermata Class: Echinoidea It lives in semi-
deep ocean
habitats
throughout the
Indo-Pacific Basin. http://a-z-animals.com/animals/cuttlefish/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diadema_setosum Emperor Scorpion Scientific Name: Pandinus Imperatus Phylum:Arthropoda Class: Arachnida They are commonly found in hot and humid rainforest and live in burrows under brush and rocks. http://www.science.widener.edu/~schultz/scorp/s1.jpg http://www.cutehomepets.com/concise-emperor-scorpion-care-sheet/ http://www.science.widener.edu/~schultz/scorp/scorp.html Frilled Lizard Scientific Name: Phylum: Chordata Class: Reptilia This lizard is found in Australian jungles and on the surrounding islands Giant Gippsland Earthworm Scientific Name: Megascolides australis Phylum: Annelida Class: Clitellata The largest worm was recorded at 13 ft long. Facts: They are classified
as vulnerable. Facts:
They are named after the fold of skin on their neck.
They can grow to a meter in lenght They live in Australia
in the moist soil in their
burrow system. http://lhsvirtualzoo.wikispaces.com/Giant+Gippsland+Earthworm Chlamydosaurus Kingii Facts They are one
of the largest
scorpions in
the world. Horseshoe Crab Females carry
their children
around on their
backs. Scientific Name: Limulus polyphemus
Phylum: Arthropoda They live in saltwater systems throughout the world. Facts:
They are more closely related to the scorpian than a normal crab

They evovled over 500 million years ago. Class: Merostromata http://a-z-animals.com/animals/horseshoe-crab/ Indian Sea Star Scientific Name: Fromia Indica Phylum: Echinodermata Class: Asteroidea They are found mainly
in coral reef habitats
around India. Facts They feed on detritus
in addition to other
micro-organisms. They usually live
alone. http://www.whatsthatfish.com/fish/indian-sea-star/1023 James River Spinymussel Scientifc Name: Pleurobema
collina Phlyum: Mollusk Class: Bivalvia They are found in
upstream tributaries
in the James River. Facts They are only
found in
Virginia and
West Virginia. The species
is currently
critically
endangered. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/James_River_spinymussel Kamahameha Butterfly Scientific Name: Vanessa tameamea Phylum: Arthropoda Class: Insecta They are native
to forested habitats
in Hawaii. Facts They are named after one of the old ruling families of the Kingdom of Hawaii. They are one of two species of butterflies that are indiginous to Hawaii. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kamehameha_butterfly Lion's Mane Jellyfish Scientific Name: Cyanea capillata Phylum: Cnidaria Class: Scyphozoa The species is confined
to the cold waters of the
Artic and Northern Atlantic
and Pacific Oceans. Facts It is the largest
known species of
jellyfish in the world. The greatest specimen
found was confirmed to
be longer than a blue whale
and therefore considered
the largest animal in the world. http://www.seawater.no/fauna/cnidaria/capillata.html Margined Flatworm Scientific Name: Callioplana marginata Phylum: Platyhelminthes Class: Turbellaria http://www.scuba-equipment-usa.com/marine/JUN04/Margined_Flatworm(Callioplana_marginata).html They live in the tropical waters
of the Indo-Pacific region. Facts They all have
an orange
margin. They have
pseudo-
tentacles that
cannot retract
into their body. Zebra Shark Facts:
They have a venom that is not fatal to humans.

It has five white dots on its body

Scientific Name: Stegostoma Fasciatum Phylum: Chordata Class: Chondrichthyes It lives in salt water in the Iadian and south Pacific oceans living in coral reefs. http://a-z-animals.com/animals/zebra-shark/ X-Ray Tetra Fish Scientific Name: Pristella maxillaris Phylum: Chordate Class: Actinopterygii
It lives in the coastal waters near the amazon river. Facts:
It has Translucent skin, allowing you to see its insides.

There are 100 other Tetra species. http://a-z-animals.com/animals/x-ray-tetra/ North Auckland Worm Scientific Name: Spencierella gigantea Phylum: Annelida Class: Clitellata They live only in the soil
of very small sections of
New Zealand. Facts They are endemic to the small Great
Barrier Island off the coast of New
Zealand and cannot be found anywhere
else, wild or in captivity. It is the largest worm in
New Zealand. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spenceriella_gigantea http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Patinopecten_yessoensis Facts They can live for 30
years in the wild. They are
considered
an endangered
species. Orange Elephant Sponge Yesso Scallop Scientific Name: Patinopecten yessoensis Phylum: Mollusca Class: Bivalvia They live in the waters off eastern Asia. They prefer waters around 4-10 meters and a sand bottom. http://www.fao.org/fishery/culturedspecies/Patinopecten_yessoensis/en http://www.sustainablesushi.net/wp-content/uploads/2008/12/scallop.jpg http://www.msc.org/newsroom/news/first-chinese-fishery-enters-marine-stewardship-council-assessment/image_mini Vellela Scientific Name: Vellela Vellela Phylum: Cnidarian Class: Hydrozoa It lives worldwide and is found in the open ocean. Facts:
Over 373 million dollars worth of scallops were harvested in 2007.

They primarily feed on phytoplankton. Facts:
They are Carnivores.

Their toxins do not effect humans. Umbrella Bird Scientific Name: Cephalopterus Phylum: Chordata Class: Aves They live in in sub tropical forest from Mexico to the tip of South America. Their natural habitat is high up in tree canopies or in the mountains. Facts:
There are three species of Umbrella Birds.

They are named for the Umbrella like crest on their head. The species orginated in Japan
but has since spread to many different places around the world that are heavily populated by humans. Facts They are an
endgangered
species. In Japanese folkore,
Tanukis are trouble-
making animals with
amzing strength and
shapeshifting abilities.
Statues of them are put by the door of many restaurants for good luck. Ear http://seananmcguire.com/fgtanuki.php Willinema Scientific Name: Willinema parvum Phylum: Nematoda Class: Cestoda These nematodes are
parasitic, so they live
inside the body of their host. Facts Their parasitic nature causes
many sicknesses and deaths
every year. There are a few other species
recently discovered that very
closely resemble this one. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sea_cucumber Sea Cucumber Scientific Name: Parastichopus californicus http://www.seaotter.com/marine/research/parastichopus/californicus/html/californicus.jpg.html Phylum: Echindermata http://nematode.unl.edu/willinsp.htm Class: Holothuroidea They are found in any water depth all over the world. Facts:
They are normally sized around 4-12 inches.

They have no real brain.
Red Knee Tarantula Scientific Name: Brachypelma Smithi Phylum: Arthropoda Class: Arachnida They live in In the Southwest and Central America; they prefer scrub forests. Facts:
It normally grows to around 20 centimeters in length.

The female is more aggressive than the male. http://a-z-animals.com/animals/red-knee-tarantula/ Queen Conch Scientific Name: Strombus Gigas Phylum: Mollusca Class: Gastropoda It lives in the Gulf of Mexico and the surrounding seas. It prefers either sand, seagrass, or coral habitats Facts:

It lives between 30 and 40 years.

The phylum mollusca has 100,000 species
http://www.nmfs.noaa.gov/pr/species/invertebrates/queenconch.htm Platypus Scientific Name: Ornithorhynchus anatinus Phylum: Chordata Class: Mammalia They live only in rivers
or streams in the highlands
or tropical rainforests of
Australia and Tasmania. Facts They are one
of the only two
mammals that
lay eggs, the
other being the
echidna. They are also one
of the only mammals
that use electroreception
to catch their prey. http://a-z-animals.com/animals/platypus/ Scientific Name: Agelas clathrodes Phylum: Porifera Class: Demospongiae They can be found
in coral reef habitats
at least 30 feet below the
ocean surface near the Gulf
of Mexico and the Caribbean
Sea. Facts It is nearly impossible
to tell the females
from males. In certain places in
the Caribbean Sea,
these sponges can
filter all of the water
around them in a single
day. Nyctereutes procyonoides http://a-z-animals.com/animals/umbrellabird/ http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Velella_velella.html The End Mr. Sims Science ABC's Science
ABC's By
Matthew Gendreau
and
Matthew Tiller 30 March 2012 Index A - Asian Giant Hornet - Tiller B - Brittle Star - G C - Cuttlefish - G D - Diadem Sea Urchin - Tiller E - Emperor Scorpion - Tiller F - Frilled Lizard - Tiller G - Giant Gippsland Earthworm - Tiller H - Horshoe Crab - G I - Indian Sea Star - G J - James River Spinymussel - G K - Kamehameha Butterfly - G L - Lion's Mane Jellyfish - G M - Margined Flatworm - G N - North Auckland Worm - G O - Orange Elephant Ear Sponge - G P - Platypus - G Q - Queen Conch - Tiller R - Red Knee Tarantula - Tiller T - Tanuki - G S - Sea Cucumber U - Umbrellabird - Tiller V - Vellela - Tiller W - Willinema - G X - X-ray Tetra - Tiller Y - Yesso Scallop Z - Zebra Shark
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