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Japan

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Leonardo Ruiz

on 13 May 2015

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Transcript of Japan

Geography

Japan is located on the Asian continent. Japan consists of several thousands of islands.
The four mail islands are, Hokkaido, Honshu, Kyushu and Shikoku.
The country is surrounded by many oceans and seas.

Japan
1506-1552
1600-1945
1185-1600
710-1180
Kamakura
The Kamakura period, is a period that marks the governance of the Kamakura shogunate and the transition to the Japanese "Medieval" era, in which the Emperor, the court, and the traditional central government were left intact but largely relegated to ceremonial functions. Civil, military, and judicial matters were controlled by The Bushi (samurai) class, the most powerful of whom was The National Ruler, The Shōgun.
Roman Catholic Jesuit missionaries led by Francis Xavier (1506–1552) arrived in 1549 and were welcomed in Kyōto. Their proselytizing was most successful in Kyūshū, with about 100,000 to 200,000 converts, including many daimyō.

Japan in the wars
The war with China made Japan the world's first Eastern, Modern Imperial Power, and the war with Russia proved that a Western power could be defeated by an Eastern state.
Japan entered World War I on the Allied side and declared war on the Central Powers. The Japanese Army invaded and captured most of the coastal Chinese cities such as Shanghai. Japan also forced France to relinquish Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia.

Second World War
Japan had a clear military advantage following the attack on Pearl Harbor, but as Admiral Yamamoto warned, this would prove to be only temporary. Six months after Pearl Harbor, the U.S. Navy defeated the Imperial Japanese.
By the end of the war, owing to the fact that Japan never surrended, the americans were forced to explode the atomic bomb in Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1942.


The medieval or "Feudal" period of Japanese History, dominated by the powerful regional families (daimyō) and the military rule of warlords (shōgun). The emperor remained but was mostly kept to a figurehead ruling position, and the power of merchants was weak. This time is usually divided into periods following the reigning family of the shōgun.
Actual Context

The Prime Minister is Shinzo Abe, his predecessor is Taro Aso.
Japan have a constitution, it was promulgated in the year 1946 during the occupation of the Allied powers:
Their government system is a Constitutional Monarchy.

Economy
Japan's major export industries includes automobiles, consumer electronics, computers, semiconductors, and iron and steel.
The Japanese Yen (¥) is the official currency of Japan. It is the third most traded currency in the foreign exchange market.
1 Mexican peso= 8.33 Yens.
The 3 Powers and The Elections
What does the flag mean?
The Japanese Flag consist in a red circle with a white background, but the true is that the red circle means "The roundness of the sun". from here the expression of "The Country of the Rising Sun"

Religion
Shinto and Buddhism are Japan's two major religions. Shinto is as old as the Japanese culture, while Buddhism was imported from the mainland in the 6th century.
Religion does not play a big role in the everyday life of most Japanese people today.
History
Sculpture

During the 1970s, a new artistic movement called mono-ha became popular.
This movement placed importance on the material world and brought about the end of the anti-formalism movement which had been popular on the avant-garde scene for the previous two decades.



Architecture
Japanese architecture has traditionally been typified by wooden structures, elevated slightly off the ground, with tiled or thatched roofs. Sliding doors (fusuma) were used in place of walls, allowing the internal configuration of a space to be customized for different occasions.
Music
Some of the most important ones are listed below: Gagaku: Ancient court music from China and Korea. It is the oldest type of Japanese, traditional music some examples are, Biwagaku, Nohgaku, Sokyoku, Shakuhachi, Shamisenongaku,  Minyo
But also are a new type of music in Japan named "Vocaloids" that are holograms that sing.
Sports
The most representive sport of Japan is the zumo.



Food
The traditional food of Japan is based on rice with miso soup and other dishes, with an emphasis on seasonal ingredients. Fish is common in the traditional cuisine.
Films
Japan has one of the oldest and largest film industries in the world; as of 2010, it was the fourth largest by number of feature films produced. Movies have been produced in Japan since 1897
Genres
• Samurai
• Horror: Japanese horror tends to focus on psychological horror and suspense,
• Kaiju: monster films, such as Godzilla
• Gendaigeki: films set in the present day.
• Shomingeki: realistic films about common working people.
• Anime: Animation. Anime refers to "Japanese animation" in English.

Art & culture

Curious Facts
The "Cat Island"
Tashirojima is a small island in Ishinomaki, Miyagi, Japan. It lies in the Pacific Ocean off the Oshika Peninsula, to the west of Ajishima. It has become known as "Cat Island" because the cat population is now larger than the human population on the island.
Being Scared by earthquakes?
In average there are 3 earthquakes in Japan...Daily!
A different watermelon...
These curious fruits have the same properties and flavor than regular watermelons, but their high price, which reached $ 140 in supermarkets, are used as elegant ornaments.
A strange way to say "I am sorry"
In Japan some men shave their heads to apologize.

Population

• The population of Japan is estimated at 126,999,808 as of July 1 2014.
• Japan's population is equivalent to 1.75% of the total world population.
• The median age in Japan is 46.2 years.

Physical Features


A range of tall mountains runs down the center of the chain of islands that make up the country of Japan. The tallest of these mountains is Mt. Fuji, which stands 12,390 feet above sea level…Mt. Fuji is an active volcano!
LOCATION:
Mountains
Seas
Capital and borders
The capital of Japan is Tokio
Climate
Due to the large North South extension of the country, the climate varies strongly in different regions. The climate is most of the major cities, including Tokyo, is temperate to subtropic and consists of four seasons.
Rivers
The important rivers of Hokkaido include the second largest river of Japan, the Ishikari, and the Teshio and Tokachi. The Yoshino is the longest river in Shikoku. The
largest lake in Japan is Biwa, on Honshu, which covers about 685 sq km.

natural disasters
Japan is one of the countries most affected by natural disasters. Japan has also been the site of some of the 10 worst natural disasters of the 21st century. The types of natural disasters in Japan include tsunamis, floods, typhoons, earthquakes, and volcanic eruptions.

The borders of Japan are:
In the north: Russia, China and North Korea

In the south: South Korea

Government
250
400
530-710
14.000
50.000
Ancient Japan
The Kofun period began around 250 AD; they saw the establishment of strong military states, each of them concentrated around powerful clans. The establishment of the dominant Yamato policy was centered in the provinces of Yamato and Kawach establishing the origin of the Japanese imperial lineage.
Japan started to send tributes to Imperial China in the 5th century.close relationships between the Three Kingdoms of Korea and Japan began during the middle of this period.The Kofun period began around 250 AD; they saw the establishment of strong military states, each of them concentrated around powerful clans
CLASsIc JAPAN
During the Asuka period (538 to 710), the proto-Japanese Yamato policy gradually became a clearly centralized state, defining and applying a code of governing laws, such as the Taika Reforms and Taihō Code. After the later part of the fourth century, the three kingdoms of Korea refused cooperation and were often in conflict with one another.
Nara
The Nara period of the 8th century marked the emergence of a strong Japanese state. The capital city of Japan was moved from Asuka to Nara. Japan had been transformed from a loose federation of Uji in the fifth century to an empire. State and a new structure of government supported the Japanese sovereign in the style and with the powers of an absolute monarch.
Prehistory
The Japanese Paleolithic age covers a lengthy period starting as early as 50,000 BC, and ending sometime around 12,000 BC, at the end of the last ice age. The Japanese archipelago would become disconnected from the mainland continent after the last ice age, around 11,000 BC.
Jōmon




The first signs of civilization and stable living patterns appeared around 14,000 BC with the Jōmon culture, characterized by a Mesolithic to Neolithic semi-sedentary hunter-gatherer lifestyle.
The Jōmon people started to make clay vessels.
The Constitucional Monarchy of Japan is divided in 3: Judiciary, Legislature and Ejecutive
Elections:
The minimum voting age is 20 years. Women received the right to vote with the postwar constitution. Elections are carried out every four years, and half of the House of Councillors is elected every three years.


Buddhism was introduced to Japan by the King Seong of Baekje, to whom Japan continued to provide military support.
Buddhism was promoted largely by the ruling class for their own purposes. Accordingly, in the early stages, Buddhism was not a popular religion with the common people of Japan.
Buddhism to japan
Relations
Catholic to Japan
Medieval Japan
Being disrespectful at dinner?
For the Japanese slurping soup, is a technique practiced for generations and for them making more noise while slurping , more delicious is the food.
Trying to learn Japanese?
There are four different types of writing in Japan: omaji, katakana, hiragana, y kanji.
Traditions
Natural resources
Japan's natural resources include fish, agriculture and small amounts of metals and minerals. Japan is notable for boasting strong industrial output and a high standard of living despite having very few natural resources, particularly in the area of natural energy.
Saving the planet, how?
Paul Watson, 57, is opening up a new role for environment groups. In one month last year he intercepted more than 19,000 shark fins and 92,000 sea cucumbers, and confiscated more than 35 miles of illegal longline.
Animals and resources...
Most Representative
Tanuki
Green pheasant
ANIMALS!!
anime and manga
Anime
Anime are Japanese animated productions featuring hand-drawn or computer animation. The word means "animation" in Japanese.
The earliest commercial Japanese animation dates to 1917, and production of anime works in Japan has since continued to increase steadily.
Styles & Genres
Kodomo
Shōnen
Shōjo
Seinen
Josei
Ecchi
Hentai
Yuri
Yaoi
Gore
Manga
Manga are comics created in Japan. It conform a style developed in Japan in the late 19th century.Anime are Japanese animated productions featuring hand-drawn or computer animation. The word means "animation" in Japanese.
The earliest commercial Japanese animation dates to 1917
In Japan, people of all ages read manga.
Since the 1950s, manga has steadily become a major part of the Japanese publishing industry representing a ¥406 billion market in Japan (approximately $3.6 billion). Manga has also gained a significant worldwide audience.
Top sellers $$$
One Piece - 273.480.000
Dragon Ball - 156.630.000
Kochikame - 155.270.000
Naruto - 126.500.000
Slam Dunk - 118.970.000
Bleach - 78.630.000
Jojo no Kimyō na Bōken - 63.240.000
Hunter x Hunter - 60.570.000
Rurouni Kenshin - 55.060.000
Yu Yu Hakusho - 49.260.000
Guion Matsuri
Kanda Matsuri
Tenjin Matsuri
But also the marcial arts such as judo, karate and kendo.
The name "Sea of Japan" is geographically established and is currently used all over the world.
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