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Transcript of Printmaking
3000 BC - early beginnings
2nd century Ts'ai Lun invented paper
12th century paper was introduced to Europe - boom in printing.
The Printed Image
What Questions do you Have?
As printing has evolved how has the purpose changed?
Why do Artist make prints?
To make multiple of works.
Influence Social Causes.
Fascination with the process.
How was Lithography used in the 1800's?
Other Daumier Prints
Watch and Learn
Artist's Proof - Proofs at the beginning of a process of printing used as a personal record.
Matrix - plate or the surface which a print is made from. Metal, wood, or stone.
Edition - A group of prints made from the same matrix that are constant in quality.
Why is it a process?
Invented by Alois Senefelder 1796.
Perfected in the early 19th century. Surface or planographic printing. The print is created on a Stone or plate, the process is fast and direct in nature.
The surface does not change.
What makes Lithography unique from other printing processes? What is used to create a print?
Tusche - Greasy liquid used to paint with on a Lithography plate. You can dilute with water or other liquids to create values.
Who is Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec?
What did his work influence?
Identify Major key factors that make this process unique.
What is the Plate made of?
How is the print made?
How is it printed?
What materials are used?
Watch in your own Time
Printing process that uses a metal plate such as copper that is cut into to produce an image. There are several different ways to produce an image and they can all be used on the same plate.
Engraving comes from the Jewelry trade - 1400
What is a Plate mark and why is it unique to this process?
Line cut into the surface using a tool called a burin, removing a small strip of metal. Lines can not be freely drawn because of the presser needed. Artist can use crosshatching to produce areas of value.
A print most of carry with us.
Rembrandt van Rijn
Dry point is a process that uses a scratched line to create a printed image. A burr leaves a small hook which ink gets caught in. Lines produced using this method are playful and light.
Etching uses acid and acid resist. A wax is used to cover the plate then the artist will draw on the plate using a metal tool to remove the wax exposing the metal. After the image is drawn the artist puts the plate into an acid bath and the lines are etched into the plate. The longer the plate stays in the bath the darker the lines. An Aquatint can be used to create an uniformed tone on the plate.
What are the Tools of a Screen printer?
A stencil is adhered to a screen of silk fabric stretched a crossed a frame. Ink is pressed through the stencil and onto a working surface producing a print.
There is no reversal with in the image.
The artist cuts away all unprinted surfaces, areas which will not carry ink. Rubber stamps and finger prints are types of Relief prints.
Oldest relief prints woodcuts come out of Asia. Traditional Asian Woodcuts use bold and dynamic compositions and colors. Japanese prints influenced the European Impressionist and Post Impressionist painters. Woodcuts use a soft wood and cut long the grain of the wood.
Traditionally used for book illustrations uses dense wood good for large editions.
Modern development uses a synthetic surface as a matrix, softness of the material makes fine detail impossible.
Modern and Contemporary Prints
Dad worked with Gold
Studied art in academy
Was also a great painter
Traveled to Italy to study engraving
Loved woodcut printmaking
Was getting the same price for prints as other artists were getting for paintings 1400s