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Moral Life 6

Social Teaching
by

J Laney

on 5 November 2013

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Transcript of Moral Life 6

Moral Theology 6: Social Teaching
Human Persons
The Catholic Church teaches us important truths about human persons: who they are; especially, how they should relate to one another
in society.
Nations
Just as families and groups have obligations to one another, nations have obli-gations to other nations.
Other Themes
There are many other important themes to the Catholic Church’s social teaching. We will consider five: the dignity of the person, the call to family, human rights, the dignity of work, and care for creation.
One virtue that the Church proposes for just relations among people is known as social justice.
Social Teachings
These truths about human society are known as the social teachings of the Church.
Love
The Catholic Church's social teachings are founded upon love for one's neighbor. Love involves willing the highest good for another.
Good Samaritan
The parable of the Good Samaritan teaches us how to show love. Let's read it
(Lk 10:25-27).
Dignity
Love is the foundation of the Church’s social teaching. We love our neighbor because we believe that human life is sacred.
Social Teaching
creation
dignity
work
common good
family
Love & Justice
God commands us to love our neighbors. When we love our neighbors, we also act justly toward them.
We saw that justice is the cardinal virtue by which we give to others those goods that are due and right to them.
Justice
Church
A Caveat
While the Church teaches us how to justly relate to one another, it must be noted that her principles and guidelines cannot solve every possible social problem.
Love
Parents have to avoid scandalizing their children. They must not provide bad examples, nor exhibit evil moral conduct.
Common Good
One way in which the govern-ment protects the rights of its citizens is by promoting the common good.
Government
Communities of families give rise to villages, and ultimately political societies. The governments that maintain order in these societies must protect and guarantee the rights of their citizens.
Goods
The goods of creation are destined for the whole human race. Sadly, a majority of the world's goods are consumed by a minority of the world's people.
Wise Use
We must use created goods wisely. Wise use involves two things: being just in our dealings with others, and limiting our own consumption.
Body & Spirit
We help the poor in both body
and spirit. The corporal and spiritual works of mercy can diminish cultural and spiritual poverty.
Needs
Discrimination
We discriminate when we draw a distinction between two things.
Just & Unjust
When it comes to discriminating between people we have to be more conscientious.
Human persons are social by nature: they are inclined to actualize their potentials through common life in society with others.
The sanctity of human life means that every person is precious, people are more important than things, and the measure of every institution depends on whether it threatens
or enhances human life.
Call to Family
Every person has a funda-mental right to life and a right to those things required for human decency.
Human Rights
It follows that marriage and family, which are the most im-portant social institutions, must be supported and strengthened. Anything that undermines marriage and family must
be abolished.
Call to Family
solidarity
poor
rights
Social Justice
Family
Work represents a way for human persons to continue participating in God’s creative activity. Workers’ rights to productive enterprise, equitable wages, and private property must always be safeguarded.
Dignity of Work
We show our respect for God the Creator by being good stewards of creation. We are called to pro-tect people and the planet, living our faith in harmony with the created order.
Care
The Church promotes social justice in three ways.
Scandal
Development
In concrete terms, this means that prosperous nations need to ensure the development of unprosperous nations that cannot develop themselves due to insufficient means or exploitation.
Injustice
The Church considers unjust discrimination a "grave injustice" and an "affront" to human dignity. It must always be avoided.
Care for the earth is a requirement of our faith.
In Her Foundation
The Church was founded out of God's loving concern for human persons and their eternal salvation.
In Her Scope
The Church and her members must be concerned with the well-being of the whole human person,
body and soul.
In Her Right
The Church has the right and obligation to formulate a social teaching in response to the reality of sin and its effects on human rights.
Social justice is the virtue by which a society provides the conditions that allow people to obtain what is owed to them, according to their nature
and vocations.
Definition
Our first experience with social justice takes place in the miniature society known as the family.
Family life is supposed to teach us about the duties we have toward one another.
Specifically, family should be a place where we learn piety, or religious obligation. It should teach us about the obligations we have toward ourselves, others, and ultimately God.
Piety
One of the reasons why family life is so important is because the very foundation of social justice - love - is first learned therein.
Love
Continued
It is crucial that parents demonstrate their love for God, one another, and other people because their children will learn how to love from them.
The common good consists of those conditions that enable people to achieve their own perfection. It has three components:
One
The first component of the common good is respect for the individual human person as such.
Two
The second component of the common good is the social well-being and development of the group.
Three
The third component of the common good is peace: the stability and security of the group and its members.
The Church recognizes these obligations and then demands that we work for the common good of all nations.
1 out of 7 people in the world are hungry. That's 925 million hungry people!

The Poor
God reveals His deep love and concern for the poor by willingly choosing a life of poverty. His actions show that He stands in solidarity with them. We reach out to the poor because God reaches out to them!
The poor cannot be open to God when their lives are consumed by the struggle to survive. We must strive to put their needs at the forefront of our social action.
Discriminating
The act of discriminating is normal and necessary. We discriminate between moral concepts like good and evil, and judgments of reason like true and false.
Just
To discriminate on the basis of a significant distinction between people is just.
Discrimination
Unjust
To discriminate on the basis of a superficial distinction between people is unjust.
Discrimination
of the human person
Dignity
continued
continued
Only when rights are protected and responsibilities met can human dignity be protected and a healthy society achieved.
The economy exists to serve people; not the other way around.
for creation
Care
continued
We believe that marriages, and the families they produce are the foundation of all human society.
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Full transcript