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Globalization and Identity
Transcript of Globalization and Identity
Globalization dictates what is available to you, which affects your identity. For example, globalization makes European soccer available for viewing in Canada. This is mainly why I am interested in it. Also, I enjoy bananas, which can't be grown in Canada, and I wear clothing that is mass produced in China.
The processes of homogenization, acculturation, accommodation, assimilation, and cultural revitalization are all made possible by globalization. These processes cause great changes to identity and culture.
For example, my family has been changed by the process of homogenization. I see this when I look back at my parents generation and compare them to my generation. In previous years there have been greater differences between different cultures. Today, we cannot usually tell what a person's background is unless we ask them.
I have also been affected by accommodation and acculturation. I know this because of the changes that have come to our family since my brother started dating a Japanese girl. We accepted her culture and welcomed her into our family, and as a result our family changed. Suddenly, we started having rice with Christmas dinner and she started playing hockey. Posititives for identity:
Communication technology gives us the opportunity to communicate with almost anyone, anywhere, at anytime. This connection helps us develop and affirm a sense of belonging with the people and groups we are communicating with, which is a way that it affects our identities.
Media allows cultural groups to affirm their identity (cultural revitalization). For example, APTN is the First Nations way of affirming their cultural identity with media.
Negatives for identity:
It can be hard to maintain a voice in the media as a minority group. This is proven by the Francophone struggle to maintain an Internet presence.
The digital divide keeps these connections, and communication from happening, which can farther remove the people lacking this technology from the world. This can greatly affect their identity. To what extent does your
identity affect globalization?
Poor countries are sometimes exploited, or pushed around in global trade forums. A large difference between wealth exists, and the gap between the richer and poorer countries widens, which allows richer countries to bully poorer countries.
Sometimes environmental restrictions slacken and large corporations begin to destroy the environment to gain profit.
In order to cut down on costs, large corporations look to developing countries for cheap labour. This means that sometimes the workers are exploited, abused, and underpaid.
Globalization can lead to the loss of cultural diversity. In fact, it can lead to the complete loss of cultures. To what extent should
globalization affect identity? Every person has a different opinion on how much they want globalization to affect them. Francophones don't want acculturation to smother their language, and the Canadian government wants accommodation to succeed among its citizens. We all have different ideas about the positives and negatives of this important process, and also different ideas about our identities in relation to it. Really, for globalization to truly be successful, all countries and cultures must profit from it. At this time we see both the incredible positives and incredible negatives of globalization around the world. I know that I enjoy being able to access the products I rely on each day, communicate with my family and friends, travel, stay educated on current events. It is also very clear to me, however, that our world must not lose all of the cultural diversity it possesses today. The fact of the matter is that we must draw the line somewhere between striving for a better world and the loss of diversity, and someday we will know where to draw that line. To what extent should globalization affect identity? Identity Globalization! The forces of globalization: The dimensions of globalization: Pros of Globalization: And is the process of globalization positive or negative? Trade Transportation Communication Technology Media Political Social Economic Environmental is the process by which the world's citizens are becoming increasingly connected and interdependent. The process of globalization is driven by four forces, and consists of four dimensions. Your identity is who you are as a person. There are three different levels of identity: your individual identity, your collective identities, and your global identity.
Your individual identity includes the traits and characteristics that make you a unique person. For example, I love to play soccer, I play piano and guitar, and I speak English.
Your collective identity is the identity you have when belonging to a group. For example, I am in a taekwon do club, belong to a basketball team, and am a member of J.R. Robson High School. When I am with these groups my identity changes because my context changes.
Your global identity includes the aspects of your collective or individual identities that connect you to the world on a global basis. For example, I enjoy watching European soccer and traveling overseas. It might scare you just how little control we have over the effects of globalization on our lives, so it might comfort you that you and your identity also affect globalization by driving the forces of globalization.
Think about the products that are available to you. How do stores make decisions about what products to carry? They look at the demand. And who decides the demand? The citizens, which include you and me. This means that we decide what is available to us and globalization makes it available through trade.
Transportation (or shipping) is essential for trade, which means that since we dictate the demand for trade we must drive the globalizing force of transportation.
We drive globalization by widely using communication technology. This technology brings us together, wherever we are, which is what globalization is all about.
Lastly, there is the globalizing force of media that provides us with information on worldwide current events. This keeps us educated on what is happening in the rest of the world, therefore bringing the world together. Opportunities globalization presents to identity:
Cultural revitalization is made possible by globalization and allows cultures keep their traditions alive. For example, my mother's Francophone friends use a lot of French websites at home and send their children to a Francophone school. This allows them to keep their language. Challenges globalization presents to identity:
Acculturation, accommodation, homogenization, and assimilation (processes made possible by globalization) can cause the loss of cultures and traditions. These processes can all reduce cultural diversity. For example, the assimilation of my Hungarian grandmother into Canadian schools caused her to lose her language completely, which she believes, greatly changed her identity. To what extent is identity affected
by communication technology and
the media in a globalizing world? How is diversity influenced by the media and communication technologies?
Media concentration and convergence (such as Disney) decrease the diversity of broadcasting and voices present in media. It also reduces the competition in media. Techno-isolation can occur. This can smother your identity and really hurt your lifestyle in many ways. I see this all the time in the younger generations of my family and how our relationships are suffering because of it.
Identity can also be affected by the media through the coverage of world events. For example, my family was watching the live news broadcasts of 9/11 when the second plane struck. We watched the live deaths of dozens of people. The fact that the event was live allowed us to react quickly and prepare ourselves for the repercussions of this event. World Trade Center, New York City
September 11, 2001 How is diversity affected by the dominance of American media (pop culture)?
Global media and communication technology have allowed for the universalization of pop culture which decreases the diversity of media seen in other countries. Media companies will show what is in high demand, which is usually pop culture and not their native broadcasting. However, hybridization, like Sesame Street in foreign countries, keep pop culture from completely wiping out a country's cultural productions and media diversity. Also, some countries form their own pop culture. For example, my sister-in-law, who is Japanese, says that she sees an amazing amount of American pop culture in her home country, but that she also sees a lot of Japanese anime and manga here in North America. Through globalization, countries can produce goods and services more efficiently by specializing. As a result productivity levels are increased.
Increased competition: As the domestic companies have to fight out foreign competition, they are compelled to raise their standards and customer satisfaction in order to survive in the market.
Employment: Because of globalization large companies have moved into developing countries for the cheaper labor, which generates employment in these poorer countries.
Investment and capitol flows: A lot of companies have directly invested in developing countries like Brazil and India by starting production units.
Foreign trade: Globalizatio opens borders to foreign trade, which drives economy. This is positive for all of the countries involved, especially the lesser developed nations (opens huge markets to them, yielding more effective and efficient products). This growth then spreads between regions and economies.
Spread of technical know-how: Globalization allows for the spread of technological knowledge into less developed countries.
Spread of culture: Globalization opens the borders of nations up to immigrants of different cultures, who bring their culture with them.
Spread of education: Students can specialize in a certain culture and spread that knowledge in their home country, or teachers can go to other countries to teach.
Legal and ethical effects: Because of globalization criminals can no longer seek asylum in foreign countries, and the judicial systems of different countries can work together to end crime. Cons of Globalization: Globalization affects us everyday in many ways. It is very important in business, government, and almost every aspect of our everyday lives. Globalization is what drives our world forward! Political globalization refers to the intensification and expansion of political interrelations around the globe. For example, our Canadian government is a member of the UN and has many close political partnerships worldwide. North Korea is nothing like Canada and avoids these relations. The social dimension of globalization refers to the impact of globalization on the life and work of people, on their families and their societies. This dimension of globalization is a huge part of my life, because globalization affects the products I can access, my education, and the opportunities I will have in my life, along with some of the challenges. Economic globalization refers to the intensification and stretching of economic interrelations around the globe. For exammple, globalization affects my country's economy which greatly affect my families financial state. The environmental dimension of globalization is the environmental issues associated with globalization. I see this environmental impact everyday, being an Alberta citizen who is very connected with the oil and gas industry. There have even been spills on my family's land! Trade is the exchange of goods to obtain products we cannot make ourselves, and are cheaper or are found in better quality elsewhere. It also forms global partnerships between countries. Trade affects my life an incredible amount because without it,I wouldn't be able to access most of the products I depend on daily. From fruit and food, to the technology I rely on, trade is a very important part of my life and identity. Transportation is a force of globalization because it accelerates the process. Without transportation, global trade and travel would not be possible. These are two pivotal aspects of my life, and I would not be the same person without them. Transportation is very important because I live in a rural area. Without transportation I would never be able to get where I want to go, when I want to get there. Communication technology is a force of globalization because it allows us to stay in touch on a global basis. Without communication technology I would have an almost non-existent relationship with my foreign relatives. Without the knowledge that I have on their different points of view, my identity and worldview would be very different. Media is the information we are given through TV, newspapers, and Internet. This information keeps us informed on current events worldwide, which brings us closer to the rest of the world. I use television and internet news to stay educated on worldwide current events. Without this knowledge of the rest of the world, it would be like I was living under a rock. My identity would be completely different. Take the Syrian revolution. The only way the world really knew what was going on was from the videos the revolting citizens smuggled out. Bibliography
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