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Transcript of Language Diversity
1 Arapaho students believed that in writing "there is no need for a conclusion" (p.61) When is a good time to let students write using their cultural norms? When do they need to write in "Standard English"?
2 Do dialects affect students' academic learning? (p.64-65)
3 When is the right time to correct a student's reading errors, and what kind should be focused on? i.e. skipping words, incorrect ending, pronunciation, etc?
4 Teachers should not tell students that their dialect is "wrong", yet a student's use of "Standard English" predicts economic success (p. 53). How do we, as educators, find balance between these opposite ideas in the classroom?
5 There is little evidence that speaking another dialect negatively effects ones ability to learn to read. Why, then, do non-mainstream students who speak varieties of English have more of a difficult time becoming proficient readers? (p. 58-60)
Pedagogy and Classroom Practices
Don’t confuse dialect intervention with reading instruction.
-Often teachers focus too much on pronunciation.
Through this process, students are encouraged to think that reading is not something you do to get a message, but rather something you pronounce.
Yesterday I washed my brother’s clothes.
Yesterday I wash my bruvver close.
by: Natalie, Lorena, Carissa, Cassie, and Angel
-using their own dialect in regular classroom settings
-using 'standard' English via role play
ex: reader's theater
-listening to books on tape with a variety of dialects
-concerned about comprehension of text over correcting pronunciation
"Did that sentence make sense?"
"What happened in that paragraph?"
"Does that sound like a word you know?"
using their style of writing during a creative free writing
letting them write out their ideas using their dialect, then hone the writing during editing
explicitly teaching writing,
"When writing to persuade someone we..."
"When writing an informational text we..."
- Questioning styles
- Oral styles
- Teachers often over correct students pronunciation
Becomes less fluent of a reader
Blocks comprehension of text
Starts to resist reading
- Whites are topic centered
- Blacks tell long story with many parts
- Styles of literacy
"Other People's Children" Delpit (1995)
"The Skin We Speak"Michael Stubbs (2002)
-Students use different varieties of language in different social situations
Example: home and school
-The language varieties students choose to use can be considered low prestige, leading educators to correct them. *
-Students become aware that persons of authority speak differently, and the child may choose to withdraw their own conclusions. **
The Educated Norm should be taught to lower-class children, but they should also know that their language is beautiful and to never be ashamed of it.
It is fundamental to learn standard syntax in order to:
Diminish the disadvantages in their struggle to their lives;
Use it as a tool in the fight they must wage against the injustice and discrimination targeted at them. *
"Eighth Letter" Freire (2005)