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Brave New World
Transcript of Brave New World
Sometimes in a society, the government may eliminate love, family, science, art, religion, and history for the people in order to accomplish the pursuit of happiness.
Sometimes in a society, the extreme advancement of science could lead to the biological and psychological control of the people in order to accomplish the pursuit of happines.
the shield on the front of the Central London Hatchery and Conditioning Centre (Pg 1) : symbolizes the protection of happiness and stability in the society; symbolizes the guarded control of the World State over the people
soma: symbolizes a distraction from the fact the people of the World State are enslaved; the word in Latin actually means "sleep". So basically, soma is sleep.
By Aldous Huxley
Born: July 26, 1894
Died: November 22, 1963
Mother died when he was 14
In 1911 he contracted a disease that left him blind.
Older brother committed suicide in 1914
attended Eton and Oxford
published many books, poems, and essays, with Brave New World being his most well known and important novel.
1937- became a screenwriter
1950s (towards the end of his life)- experimented with hallucinogens
Aldous Huxley wrote novels about the problems a society would face with a combination of power and technical progress, as well as behaviorism; for example, his novel
Brave New World
. He also wrote against war and nationalism in other novels.
When describing Huxley's writing style, Laurence Brander says, "The prose was witty and ran clearly and nimbly."
Physical Description: light hair, blue eyes, light skin (compared to the indians he lived with)
Life: was born to Linda, a woman from the World state, in a Savage Reservation. He was always an outsider because he wasn't really an indian.
John reads a lot of Shakespeare, and he takes most of his values and beliefs from Shakespeare. John expresses his excitement for traveling to the World State by quoting Shakespeare's
When Bernard takes John to the World State, he is excited to move on and visit "the brave new world." His excitement is soon diminished, however, when he learns how alone he is in his thoughts, beliefs, and way of life compared to everyone else.
In the end, John is driven completely insane by the conflict between his values and the values of the society surounding him and he commits suicide.
John (the savage)
A crowd comes to watch Jon whip himself. When John sees Lenina, he goes completely insane and starts to attack her.
John wakes up the next morning and remembers what happens. He says, "Oh, my God, my God!" as if he can't believe what he did.
People try to look for John, calling him "Mr. Savage", but they can't find him.
John is found hung in the lighthouse.
largesse (n)-generous bestowal of gifts
"'Scores,' the Director repeated and flung out his arms, as though he were distributing
." (Pg 18)
sibilant (adj)-a hissing sound
"All the air of the fourteenth floor was
with the categorial imperative." (Pg 34)
axiomatic (adj)-pertaining to or of the nature of an axiom; self-evident; obvious
"The students nodded, emphatically agreeing with a statement which...repetitions in the dark had make them accept, not merely as true, but as
, self-evident, utterly indisputable." (Pg 46)
brachycephalic (adj)-short-headed; having a cephalic index of 81.0–85.4
"The Warden was a blond and
Alpha-Minus, short, red, moon-faced, and broad shouldered, with a loud booming voice..." (Pg 98)
magnanimity (adj)-generous in forgiving an insult or injury; high-minded, noble
"Touched, Bernard felt himself at the same time humiliated by this
the more extraordinary and therefore the more humiliating in that it owed nothing to soma and everything to Helmholtz's character." (Pg 164)
The conflict is
man vs. society
because John (the savage) struggles with his own values, beliefs, and way of life being so different from the rest of the world around him.
A dystopia is a community or society that is in some important way undesirable or frightening. It is the opposite of a utopia, which is a society that is considered "perfect."
I would consider a modern day dystopian society to be a society where where people are made in the society only for work, and from the time they are born they are assigned where they will live for the rest of their lives and what job they will have when the grow up. Brave New World describes a dystopian society based off of technological and scientific advances, so I would also consider any society like the World State a modern day dystopia.
Setting: Dystopian society in London, England in the future
Background: Everyone is made from only a few different people in the World state, and each person is made specifically for the class that they are assigned to. The lowest class, the Epsilons, get deprived of oxygen so that they all have the same intelligence level. The same thing happens for the Gammas and Deltas, only they are slightly smarter. Then the Betas and Alphas are boosted so that they are the strongest and smartest. As soon as the babies are born they are conditioned through hypnopaedia, or sleep-teaching. When the babies sleep, a phrase is repeated to them over and over, and that's how they learn to like to dislike certain things. The different classes are also conditioned to only like there own class, and to detest the rest of the classes.
Soma: A drug used to diminish pain and suffering so the user only feels happiness and contentedness.
"Among serious novelists, Aldous Huxley is surely the wittiest and most irreverent...Although remembered best for his early satires, he is still productive and provocative as ever."
Interviewers Raymond Fraser, George Wickes
"In many ways, Huxley was the last of the great Victorian novelists."
, Nicholas Murray
The Director of the Hatchery grants Bernard permission to visit the Savage Reserve, but warns Bernard that the last time he was there he lost the girl that he had traveled with.
Bernard and Lenina visit the savage reserve. They are shocked at how the people have aged, and even more shocked by the religious ritual they saw.
Bernard and Lenina meet John and his mother, Linda, who Bernard realizes is the Director's lost girlfriend.
Bernard gets permission from Mustapha Mond (the world controller) to bring John and Linda back to London with him. He shows them to the Director, who is so embarassed that he leaves the next day and doesn't come back.
John becomes famous with the London society because of the life he led in the Reserve. Bernard uses him to his own advantage to get girls and host parties with influential men. Meanwhile, Linda is on soma in the hospital.
John refuses to be used by Bernard any more and Bernard's social status drops.
Lenina tries to seduce John, but he just gets angry at her. While she hides in the bathroom John gets a call that Linda is about to die.
John watches Linda die of an overdose of soma.
John causes a riot because he's trying to convince people not to use soma.
John is captured and sent to Mustapha Mond, where they debate the value of the World State's policies.
John goes to live in an abandoned lighthouse in the country side.
"The mockery made him fell an outsider; and feeling an outsider he behaved like one, which increased the prejudice against him and intensified the contempt and hostility aroused by his physical defects. Which in turn increased his sense of being alien and alone." (Pg 69)
Even in this "perfect" society there are mistakes; Bernard being one of them. As an Alpha, he is supposed to be taller and stronger than he actually is. In this "perfect" society nobody is meant to feel like an outsider, but since Bernard is different from the majority of the Aphlas, not only in physique but also in intellect, he is an outsider.
"'Adults intellectually and during working hours,' he went on. 'Infants where feeling and desire are concerned.'" (Pg 93)
Bernard realizes that the people of this society have been made mature only for work so their emotions don't interfere with their jobs.
"Ten minutes later they were crossing the frontier that separated civilization from savagery." (Pg 101)
When Bernard and Lenina visit the savage reserve, it is describe as not being that far away from "civilization". It seems as if the savages are very closely monitored. This quote also describes a very distinct boundary between "civilization" and "savagery."
"These words and the strange, strange story out of which they were taken (he couldn't make head or tail of it, but it was wonderful, wonderful all the same)--they gave him a reason for hating Pope; and they made his hatred more real; they even made Pope himself more real." (Pg 123-124)
As a kid, John realizes that reading makes everything more real for him, especially for why he hated Pope. John is learning morals and life lessons from the books that he reads, and so he can distinguish between right and wrong.
Imagery: appeals to the five senses and gives a vivid picture.
"Bloated, sagging, and among thosefirm youthful bodies, those undistorted faces, a strange and terrifying monster of middle-agedness, Linda advanced into the room, coquettishly smiling her broken and discoloured smile, and rolling as she walked, with what was meant to be a voluptuous undulation, her enormous haunches."
Simile: comparing one thing or idea to another using "like" or "as".
"In a few minutes there were dozens of them, standing in a wide cirlce around the lighthouse, staring, laughing, clicking their cameras, throwing (as to an ape) peanuts..." (Pg 227)
Allusion: a passing or casual reference; an incidental mention of something, either directly or by implication
"Brave New World" (title) is an allusion to The Tempest by William Shakespeare.
"Twenty-two years, eight months, and four days from that moment, a promising young Alpha-Minus administrator at Mwanza-Mwanza was to die of trypanosomiasis--the first case in over half a century. Sighing, Lenina went on with her work." (Pg 171)
Just because of Lenina's carelessness, somebody dies of a disease that could have easily been prevented. Lenina doesn't think twice of her mistake and just moves right on. This is probably what happened to Bernard when he was decanted.
"Helmoltz and the Savage took to one another at once. So cordially indeed that Bernard felt a sharp pang of jealousy." (Pg 166)
Helmoltz and John became friends so easily because Helmoltz was able to understand how stuck he was in life, only making up phrases to be repeated to children every night, and he was curious to understand John's way of life. Bernard was jealous because he had always related to Helmoltz, but never in the way John did.
"Linda had been a slave, Linda had died; others should live in freedom, and the world made beautiful. A reparation, a duty. And suddenly it was luminously clear to the Savage what he must do; it was as though a shutter had been opened, a curtain drawn back." (Pg 191)
In this quote, John begins to understand that everyone of the World State is enslaved and completely under control. Linda had died because of soma, the drug created by the World State to enslave its user. Because of Linda's death, John realizes the truth about the World State.
"Slowly, very slowly, like two unhurried compass needles, the feet turned towards the right; north, north-east, east, south-east, south, south-south-west; then paused, and, after a few seconds, turned as unhurriedly back towards the left." (Pg 231)
Huxley uses the imagery of feet hanging from the ceiling to convey to the readers that John had hung himself. He doesn't actually say that John hangs himself, but the reader can conclude that he did because of the feet hanging and circling from the ceiling.