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Transcript of Paraphilia
This type of psychological disorder is caused by an underlying medical condition. Medical conditions can cause psychological symptoms such as catatonia and personality changes. Paraphilia is a .... Mental Disorders Due to a General Medical Condition three two one Scatologia
Voyeurism Panic attacks.
Feelings of terror.
Stomach problems Symptoms Causes of Paraphilia •Childhood trauma.
•Early emotional trauma. Treatment for Paraphilia •Antidepressant medications have been shown to reduce panic severity, eliminate attacks, and improve overall quality-of-life measures in patients with panic disorder. Monoamine oxidase inhibitors also are effective in the treatment of panic disorder.
•Benzodiazepines are as effective as antidepressants in reducing panic symptoms and frequency of attacks, are well tolerated, and have a short onset of action
•Imipramine and clomipramine are considered first-line treatment options for panic disorder.
•Fluoxetine (Prozac) can be used (especially if panic disorder occurs with depression); however, it may be poorly tolerated because it may initially increase anxiety, except at very low starting doses.
•Clonazepam (Klonopin) has become a favored replacement because it has a longer half-life and empirically elicits fewer withdrawal reactions upon discontinuation. This type of psychological disorder is caused by an underlying medical condition. Medical conditions can cause psychological symptoms such as catatonia and personality changes. Paraphilias are considered rare, affecting only a small percentage of the US population. Most people with paraphilias are men, and many have more than one type of paraphilia. There is often an overlap of paraphilias, the most common being 2-3 concurrently present although cases of up to 10 have been reported in about 5% of paraphiliacs. Lets Define.... schizophrenia Schizophrenia is a chronic, severe, debilitating mental illness that affects about 1% of the population, more than 2 million people in the United States alone. symptoms Delusions. These beliefs are not based in reality and usually involve misinterpretation of perception or experience. They are the most common of schizophrenic symptoms.
Hallucinations. These usually involve seeing or hearing things that don't exist, although hallucinations can be in any of the senses. Hearing voices is the most common hallucination among people with schizophrenia.
Thought disorder. Difficulty speaking and organizing thoughts may result in stopping speech midsentence or putting together meaningless words, sometimes known as "word salad."
Disorganized behavior. This may show in a number of ways, ranging from childlike silliness to unpredictable agitation. As with most other mental disorders, schizophrenia is not directly passed from one generation to another genetically, and there is no single cause for this illness. Rather, it is the result of a complex group of genetic, psychological, and environmental factors. Environmentally, the risks of developing schizophrenia can even occur before birth. For example, the risk of schizophrenia is increased in individuals whose mother had one of certain infections during pregnancy. Difficult life circumstances during childhood, like the early loss of a parent, parental poverty, bullying, witnessing parental violence; being the victim of emotional, sexual, or physical abuse or of physical or emotional neglect; and insecure attachment have been associated with the development of this illness. Causes of Schizophrenia Positive, more overtly psychotic symptoms
Beliefs that have no basis in reality (delusions)
Hearing, seeing, feeling, smelling, or tasting things that have no basis in reality (hallucinations)
Negative, potentially less overtly psychotic symptoms
Inhibition of facial expressions
Lack of speech
Lack of motivation Treatment For Schizophrenia Medications that are thought to be particularly effective in treating positive symptoms of schizophrenia include olanzapine (Zyprexa), risperidone (Risperdal), quetiapine (Seroquel), ziprasidone (Geodon), aripiprazole (Abilify), paliperidone (Invega), asenapine (Saphis), lurasidone (Latuda), and lloperidone (Fanapt). Mood-stabilizer medications like lithium (Lithobid), divalproex (Depakote), carbamazepine (Tegretol), and lamotrigine (Lamictal) can be useful in treating mood swings that sometimes occur individuals who have a diagnosable mood disorder in addition to psychotic symptoms (for example, schizoaffective disorder, depression in addition to schizophrenia). Despite its stigmatized history, electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) can be a viable treatment for people whose schizophrenia has inadequately responded to a number of medication trials and psychosocial interventions Die Ende!