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World Cultures Ch 14 Australia and New Zealand Lesson 3

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Bryan Poepperling

on 15 May 2013

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Transcript of World Cultures Ch 14 Australia and New Zealand Lesson 3

World Cultures Chapter 14
Australia and
Oceania Lesson 3: Oceania- Islands of the Pacific
Mr. Poepperling Welcome to Oceania and the Islands of the Pacific! Melanesia is a greek term meaning... Ticket off of
the Island Standards and Objectives - 7.3.9.A: Explain the human characteristics of places and regions using the following criteria: population, culture, settlement, economic activities, and political activities

- 7.2.12.A: Analyze the physical characteristics of places and regions, including the interrelationships among the components of Earth’s physical systems

- 8.4.W.A: Evaluate the role groups and individuals played in the social, political, cultural, and economic development throughout world history What we will learn about:
- How the Geography has influenced the peoples of Oceania
- What different traditions have shaped the Pacific island cultures
- How have world events affected the peoples of Oceania Section 3 Oceania-Islands of the Pacific Geographic setting
- 10,000+ islands scattered across the Pacific Ocean

Three Regions
- Melanesia
- Micronesia
- Polynesia Melanesia
- Greek meaning “black islands”
- Refers to the Dark skin peoples of the islands Micronesia
-“Tiny Islands”
- 2,000 islands are very small
- Guam is the largest
– 210 square miles Polynesia
- “many islands”
- 15 million square-mile region
- Hawaiian Islands, New Zealand, Easter Island and Tahiti Landforms
- Two types of islands
High islands
- Tops of volcanic mountains above seal level
- Fertile soil from volcanic ash
- New Guinea, Fiji, Samoa and Hawaii
Low islands
- Coral reefs attached to undersea mountains
- Most Micronesian island are coral islands Climate and Resources
- Most lie in the tropics
- Rainfall
- High islands have more
- Copra, the meat of the coconut, is a major agricultural product of the high islands (along with other tropical fruits)
- Low islands lack moisture
- Therefore, they became dependent on fishing Differing Traditions
- Oceania developed their own distinct and complex cultures
- People may have migrated from mainland Asia into the Pacific islands about 30,000 years ago
- From interaction with South Americans, Polynesians learned to grow potatoes
- Europeans - 1500s
- 1700s – France and Britain
- Christian missionaries convinced many to adopt western beliefs Age of Imperialism
- European nations and the United States competed for colonies
- Profitable Trade
- Copra, coconut oil and sandalwood
- White settlers set up plantations and forced local people to grow cash crops
- Coffee, bananas and rubber
- Fiji
- Laborers from India were brought in
- They brought Hindu culture into Fiji Regional and Global Concerns
- 1941 Japan occupied many islands in the Pacific
- Allied forces fought bloody battles to dislodge the Japanese
- Guadalcanal
- Solomon Islands
- New Guinea
- Saipan
- Guam Developing Nations- Since 1945 nine island nations have won their independence, others remain self-governing territories
- French Territories
- New Caledonia
- United States
- Guam and American Samoa
- Hawaii statehood 1959 Economies
- Mining
- Environmental and social cost are high
- Cash economy
- Exhausting of resources = no income
- Extraction of mineral resources also causes great damage to the land
Global economy
- Tourism
- Foreign investment on huge hotels and resorts
- Hotels and resorts put a strain on the water supply 16 Nation South Pacific Forum
- Takes a stand on issues of concern to the people of Oceania
- Nuclear testing
- United States and Britain stopped in 1960s
- France has not
- Huge fishing nets used by Japanese and Korean fishing ships threatens sea life
- Global warming Explore the Mystery of Easter Island on the History Channel What are the three regions of the pacific? Most Micronesian islands are _______ islands Which countries competed for colonies in the pacific? Extraction of ______ resources causes great damage to the land This ancient island is home to giant statues that continue to be a mystery to the public today Virtual Field Trip Activity - As a class we will create our own Virtual Field Trip of the islands of Oceania
- Process:
1. Gather into groups of two (or three)
2. Choose an island nation at random to research
3. Find at least three pictures or videos (any combination is fine) depicting the culture, geography, or people of the nation chosen
4. Present your findings to the class

*Can only use 1 of the 3 pictures from Google Images, and videos cannot be longer than about 5 or 6 minutes* Choose one of the following islands:
- Papua New Guinea
- Solomon islands
- Fiji islands
- New Caledonia
- Guam
- Mariana islands
- Marshall islands
- Phoenix islands
- Hawaii
- Samoa islands
- Tonga islands
- Cook islands
- Tahiti
- New Zealand
- Easter islands
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