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COD and COI

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carly DeAntoneo

on 30 October 2012

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Transcript of COD and COI

COD and COI Mae Claire Tandoc
Carly DeAntoneo
Caitlyn Sloan
Tommy Kleinhans COD, COI, Et
Passé Composé COI-
Indirect Object Pronouns What is an Indirect Object? (COI) COI Pronouns Futur Proche and
Passé Récent Passé Composé, COD,
et COI Example Passé Composé and
COD and COI Can You Use COD and COI Together? What is a
Direct Object (COD)? Futur Proche and Passe Recent COD Pronouns COD- Direct Object Pronouns The direct object is the direct recipient of the verb
Thierry chante une chanson.
Find the verb, then ask yourself “What got (verb)?”
“What does he sing?”
He sings a song.
You can replace the direct object with a direct object pronoun
In English, the direct object pronoun is placed after the verb
Terry sings the song. --> Terry sings it.
In French, the direct object pronoun is placed BEFORE the verb.
Terry chante la chanson. --> Terry la chante. I
You
It The direct object pronoun goes BEFORE the infinitive
Example:
Future Proche
Je vais faire le ménage ce soir. --> Je vais le faire ce soir.
Passe Recent
Je viens de envoyer les invitations. --> Je viens de les envoyer. Yes! However, the pronouns must be placed in a specific order: Nous offrons les cadeaux à nos parents. A verb tense that shows an action completed in the past
Formed by combining the conjugated form of an auxiliary verb (avoir or être) + a past participle of a verb
Example:
J'ai aller le cinéma.
With COD and COI, the pronoun goes BEFORE the auxiliary verb
Example:
J'ai donné les invitations à Lisa. --> Je les lui ai donnés.
Nous avons vu le film.
--> Nous l'avons vu. DO NOT FORGET!
In passe compose, the past participle of the verb must agree with the gender of the DIRECT OBJECT.
Masculine (S) Feminine (S) Masculine (P) Feminine (P)
n/a add an "e" add an "s" add an "es"
Examples:
Henri a donné les lettres à Michele. --> Henri les lui à données.
J'ai envoyé la invitation à Allie.
--> Je la lui envoyée. The indirect object is the indirect recipient of the action of the verb. It is the person who benefits from the action of the verb
In French:
Almost always preceded by "à”
Often associated with verbs of giving, receiving, and sending
Often used with verbs of communication
Replaceable with an indirect object pronoun, which goes BEFORE the verb
Ask yourself, “who am I (verb) this to?”
Examples:
J’envoie une invitation à ton cousin. --> Je lui envoie une invitation.
Je téléphone à ma mère.
--> Je lui téléphone. Like the COD, the indirect object pronoun goes BEFORE the infinitive
Example:
Futur Proche
Je viens de visiter ma mère.
--> Je viens de lui visiter.
Passé Récent
Il vient de téléphoner à Sam et Marc.
--> Il vient de leur téléphoner. Me (m')
Te (t')
Le/La/L' We
You(p)
Them Nous
Vous
Les Me
You
He/She
We
You(p)
Them Me(m')
Te(t')
Lui
Nous
Vous
Leur Near Future (Futur Proche) A verb tense used to express something that will happen soon
Used by combining aller (to go) with an infinitive action verb
Aller Conjugation:
Je vais Nous allons
Tu vas Vous allez
Il/Elle/On va Ils/Elles vont
Examples:
Je vais voir Luc.
Il va arriver.
Nous allons manger. Examples Je mange la glace. --> Je la mange.
Tu regardes le film. --> Tu le regardes.
Nous allons le cinéma. --> Nous l'avons.
Vous regardez la télévision. --> Vous la regardez. Passé Récent A tense used to express something that just happened
Formed using the conjugated form of venir (to come) + de + the infinitive of a verb
Venir Conjugation:
Je viens Nous venons
Tu viens Vous venez
Il/Elle/On vient Ils/Elles viennent
Examples:
Il vient de aller au cinéma.
Je viens du ménage.
Tu viens de la maison. Examples Elle écrit à Jean. --> Elle lui écrit.
Je téléphone à ma mère. --> Je lui téléphoner.
Je donne la glace à Marci. --> Je lui donne la glace.
J'écoute à Beyoncé. --> Je lui écoute. "Les," "lui," and "leur" should not be changed when placed before a vowel! Verb COD COI --> Nous les leur offrons. COD COI Verb Je donne les livres à Lisa. Verb COD COI --> Je les lui donne. COD COI Verb
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