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Transcript of World Music
especially non-Western ones. Ethnomusicology Musical Instrument Categories Aerophone - An aerophone is any musical instrument that produces sound primarily by causing a body of air to vibrate, without the use of strings or membranes, and without the vibration of the instrument itself adding considerably to the sound. Chordophone - A chordophone is any musical instrument that makes sound by way of a vibrating string or strings stretched between two points. Electrophone - any instrument whose sound is produced by the oscillation of an electric current. Idiophone - a musical instrument that produces sound primarily through itself vibrating, without the help of strings or membranes. What role does music play in the community? Music is a very important aspect
of individuality. It has been
proven to reveal the inner self
of someone. Music and society
have always been intimately
related. Music reflects and
creates social conditions –
including the factors that
either facilitate or impede social
change. Example: Accordion Example: Guitar Example: Electric Organ Membranophone Latin American Geography The southern border of Latin America is Cape Horn, the eastern border is marked by a string of British possessions in the Atlantic. On the north is the United States of America. Natural Environment - a musical instrument where sound is primarily produced by vibrating strings stretched from one point to the other. It is evident beyond any doubt is the extraordinary weakness of the Latin American institutional organization for an historical approach to the environmental problems of the region. This is probably the most important factor in to the trend, dominant today in the region, to structure the field of environmental history through the North Atlantic institutional system. Example: Drums Common Languages -Spanish and Portuguese are the predominant languages of Latin America. Spanish is spoken
as first language by about 60% of the population, Portuguese is spoken by about 34% of the population and about 6% of the population speak other languages such as Quechua, Mayan Languages, Guaraní, Aymara, Nahuatl, English, French, Dutch and Italian. Portuguese is spoken only in Brazil (Brazilian Portuguese), the biggest and most populous country in the region. Spanish is the official language of most of the rest of the countries on the Latin American mainland (Spanish language in the Americas), as well as in Cuba, Puerto Rico (where it is co-official with English), and the Dominican Republic. French is spoken in Haiti and in the French overseas departments of Guadeloupe, Martinique and Guiana, and the French overseas collectivity of Saint Pierre and Miquelon; it is also spoken by some Panamanians of Afro-Antillean descent. Example: Xylophone North American Spiritual Beliefs The vast majority of Latin Americans are Christians, mostly Roman Catholics. About 70% of the Latin American population consider themselves Catholic.Membership in Protestant denominations is increasing, particularly in Brazil, Panamá and Venezuela. Geography Natural Environment The area of North America are oriented south and north. The old Appalachian Mountains form a highland in the eastern part of the continent, while the younger Rocky Mountains form a higher, more rugged frame in the west. Between the two are the lower, flatter physio graphic provinces: the Canadian Shield, the Interior Plains, and the Great Plains. Government Structure Latin America's political system is very similar like to the democratic political system as the United States. There are only some factors that are done differently in the Latin Americas. East Asia Musical Instruments of
Latin America Shakira Lee Ru-ma is a international known pianist and composer in South Korea. Kiss the Rain Musical Instrument in East Asia References http://cesran.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&layout=blog&id=260&Itemid=330&lang=en http://orgs.usd.edu/nmm/EasternAsia/Checklist.html http://kids.britannica.com/comptons/article-205635/North-America European Geography Spiritual Beliefs Taylor Swift is a American singer and songwriter. Mean - Is a famous Colombian singer/ performer. South Asian Geographical Boundaries The boundaries of South Asia vary based on how the region is defined. South Asia's northern, eastern, and western boundaries vary based on definitions used, while the Indian Ocean is the southern periphery. Most of this region rests on the Indian Plate and is isolated from the rest of Asia by mountain barriers. The Indian Plate includes most of South Asia, forming a land mass which extends from the Himalayas into a portion of the basin under the Indian Ocean, including parts of South China and Eastern Indonesia, as well as Kuen Lun and Karakoram ranges, and extending up to but not including Ladakh, Kohistan, the Hindu Kush range and Balochistan. Natural Environment Religions Geographical Boundaries South Asian economies are mainly based on agriculture and therefore, land is an important resource. The region that occupies 4.8 per cent of the world’s total land area, displays an extraordinary diversity of landforms due to climatic regimes, latitudes, altitudes and topography. High levels of urban air pollution have attracted growing attention from the government, civil society, and industry in South Asian countries. Poor air quality threatens human health and causes other forms of environmental damage. With continuing migration from rural to urban areas, air pollution will affect an increasing percentage of the urban population in the coming years. Urban growth and industrialization in South Asia have caused air pollution to become a problem of real concern. Taoism Shinto Confucianism Buddhism Of the Earth’s seven continents, Europe is the second smallest in total area—only Australia is smaller. In terms of population density it is the second largest after Asia. http://www.counter-currents.com/2011/08/europes-continental-boundaries/ http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hi/hi_miocna.htm Musical Instruments of North American Bassoon Keyed Bulge Pedal Harp Common Languages Spiritual Beliefs About 64% of the South Asia population are Hindu, 33% are Muslim, 2% are Buddhist and 1% are Christians. Ludwig Van Beethoven is a composer and pianist that is widely considered the greatest composer of all time Famous Musical Instruments for South Asia Kanun Gong Famous Musical Instrument in Europe Rebab http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hi/hi_mioceu.htm Bass Viol Alto Recorder Bombay Ravi Europe is a peninsula that makes up the western fifth of the Eurasian landmass. Its maritime borders are made up of the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, and the Mediterranean, Black, and Caspian Seas to the south. The largest religion in Europe is Christianity, with 76.2% of Europeans considering themselves Christians including Catholic, Eastern Orthodox and Protestant Churches. Middle Eastern North America covers an area of about 24,709,000 square kilometers (9,540,000 square miles), about 4.8% of the planet's surface or about 16.5% of its land area.
As of July 2008, its population was estimated at nearly 529 million people across 23 independent states, representing about 7.5% of the human population. North America is the third-largest continent in area, following Asia and Africa, and the fourth in population after Asia, Africa, and Europe. Geography Languages
English ( Hongkong)
Korean (also known as Hangul)
Japanese North America covers about 12,000,000 km2 (4,600,000 sq mi), or about 28% of the Asian continent, about 15% bigger than the area of Europe. More than 1.5 billion people, about 38% of the population of Asia or 22% of all the people in the world, live in East Asia. The region is one of the world's most populated places, with a population density of 133 inhabitants per square kilometer (340 /sq mi), being about three times the world average of 45 /km2 (120 /sq mi), although Mongolia has the lowest population density of a sovereign state. The Middle East lies at the juncture of Eurasia and Africa and of the Mediterranean Sea and the Indian Ocean. Languages The five top languages, in terms of numbers of speakers, are Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Berber, and Kurdish. Arabic and Berber represent the Afro-Asiatic language family. Persian and Kurdish belong to the Indo-European language family. And Turkish belongs to Turkic language family. About 20 minority languages are also spoken in the Middle East. Spiritual Beliefs The Middle East is very diverse when it comes to religions, many of which originated there. Islam in its many forms is by far the largest religion in the Middle East, but other faiths that originated there, such as Judaism and Christianity, are also well represented. Middle Eastern Famous Musical Instruments Oud Darbuka Mohammed Abdel Wahab Al Gondol Common Languages The prevalent languages in North America are English, Spanish, and French. The term Anglo-America is used to refer to the anglophone countries of the Americas: namely Canada (where English and French are co-official) and the United States, but also sometimes Belize and parts of the tropics, especially the Commonwealth Caribbean. Latin America refers to the other areas of the Americas (generally south of the United States) where the Romance languages, derived from Latin, of Spanish and Portuguese (but French speaking countries are not usually included) predominate: the other republics of Central America (but not always Belize), part of the Caribbean (not the Dutch, English or French speaking areas), Mexico, and most of South America (except Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana (FR), and The Falkland Islands (UK)). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/North_America http://www.worldatlas.com/webimage/countrys/eu.htm http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Europe#Geography European languages mostly fall within three Indo-European language groups: the Romance languages, derived from the Latin of the Roman Empire; the Germanic languages, whose ancestor language came from southern Scandinavia; and the Slavic languages.
Romance languages are spoken primarily in south-western Europe as well as in Romania and Moldova, in Central or Eastern Europe. Germanic languages are spoken in Northern Europe, the British Isles and some parts of Central Europe. Slavic languages are spoken in Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe.