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Xiognu

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Alexander A.

on 12 December 2017

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Transcript of Xiognu

Pastoralists Mini-Project

By Alexander Adrogue, Mackenzie Glanville, and Sam Lu
Turks activily incorporated and spread their culture:
Converted to Islam after their exploits in Arabia.
Spread thinned yogurt to Northern China.
Assimilated with Arabs and wielded great power.

Turks: Adoption of Neighboring customs
Mongols
Mongols: Adoption of Neighboring Customs
Pastoral People
Turks

-various clans and tribes
-migrated from Mongolia and Southern siberia
-between 552 and 965, a series of empires were created
-lasted more than a century
-between fragile alliances
-supreme ruler: Kaghan


https://www.pintrest.com/pin/23553930656035121/?lp=true

TURKS: Gender roles
-Before the turkish pastoralists accepted Islam, society was egalitarian
-> women took care of small livestock
-> women had a large role
-> women drove and unloaded carts on trade routes
-once Islam was accepted, patriarchial systems began
-> women's role diminished
-collection of clans and tribes
-fiercely independent
-Temujin, Chinggis Khan, unified the tribes
-attacked major agricultural societies
-largest land-based empire in human history
Mongols: Gender Roles
-egalitarian
-men and women had important roles
-FRanciscan friar Giovanni DiPlano Carpini noted that women had an equal role in society as man
-women could...
remarry
divorce
act as political advisers
active in the military
-entered around herds of animals
-living in scattered encampments or seasonal settlements
-fiercely independent
-learned horseback riding and used mounted warfare
-connected and interacted with agricultural neighbors
-women had fewer restrictions

historians should view pastoralist people as innovative because of their legacy of mounted warfare, adoption of neighboring customs, and gender roles.
Turks: Mounted Warfare
Mongols: Mounted Warfare
The Mongols Had no Qualms about interacting and adopting other culture:
Religiously tolerant, they allowed other rligions to flourish.
They frequently enlisted foreign diplomats, craftsmen, artisans to their services.
Bibliography:
Andrea, Alfred J., and James H. Overfield. The Human Record: Sources of Global
History. Vol. 1. New York: Houghton Mifflin, 2005.

Carboni, Stefano, and Qamar Adamjee. "The Legacy of Genghis Khan." The
Metropolitan Museum of Art. Last modified October 2003.
http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/khan1/hd_khan1.htm.


Excerpt from Sima Qian's letter to Ren An." Columbia. Accessed November 27,
2017. http://afe.easia.columbia.edu/ps/cup/sima_qian_letter.pdf.

"Hulaga Khan and Christian Wife, Dhoquz Khatun. Illustration. Accessed December
6, 2017. https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/62/
HulaguAndDokuzKathun.JPG/1200px-HulaguAndDokuzKathun.JPG.

Strayer, Robert W., and Eric W. Nelsom. Ways of the World. N.p.: Bedford/St.
Martin's, 2016.



- against China, Persia, and Byzantium
- Wolves - specialized fierce soldiers
- Uthman Amr ibn Bahr/Al-Jahiz describes the skill the Turks had on horseback
--> very accurate
--> very fast
- Used against Russia, China, Eastern Europe
- gave them an advantage over agricultural societies
- Developed new technologies
--> harnesses and saddles
--> weapons used from horseback
We hope you learned some important aspects of the pastoralist people and their innovative influence on our world.
Thanks for watching!
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