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Transcript of Xiognu
By Alexander Adrogue, Mackenzie Glanville, and Sam Lu
Turks activily incorporated and spread their culture:
Converted to Islam after their exploits in Arabia.
Spread thinned yogurt to Northern China.
Assimilated with Arabs and wielded great power.
Turks: Adoption of Neighboring customs
Mongols: Adoption of Neighboring Customs
-various clans and tribes
-migrated from Mongolia and Southern siberia
-between 552 and 965, a series of empires were created
-lasted more than a century
-between fragile alliances
-supreme ruler: Kaghan
TURKS: Gender roles
-Before the turkish pastoralists accepted Islam, society was egalitarian
-> women took care of small livestock
-> women had a large role
-> women drove and unloaded carts on trade routes
-once Islam was accepted, patriarchial systems began
-> women's role diminished
-collection of clans and tribes
-Temujin, Chinggis Khan, unified the tribes
-attacked major agricultural societies
-largest land-based empire in human history
Mongols: Gender Roles
-men and women had important roles
-FRanciscan friar Giovanni DiPlano Carpini noted that women had an equal role in society as man
act as political advisers
active in the military
-entered around herds of animals
-living in scattered encampments or seasonal settlements
-learned horseback riding and used mounted warfare
-connected and interacted with agricultural neighbors
-women had fewer restrictions
historians should view pastoralist people as innovative because of their legacy of mounted warfare, adoption of neighboring customs, and gender roles.
Turks: Mounted Warfare
Mongols: Mounted Warfare
The Mongols Had no Qualms about interacting and adopting other culture:
Religiously tolerant, they allowed other rligions to flourish.
They frequently enlisted foreign diplomats, craftsmen, artisans to their services.
Andrea, Alfred J., and James H. Overfield. The Human Record: Sources of Global
History. Vol. 1. New York: Houghton Mifflin, 2005.
Carboni, Stefano, and Qamar Adamjee. "The Legacy of Genghis Khan." The
Metropolitan Museum of Art. Last modified October 2003.
Excerpt from Sima Qian's letter to Ren An." Columbia. Accessed November 27,
"Hulaga Khan and Christian Wife, Dhoquz Khatun. Illustration. Accessed December
6, 2017. https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/62/
Strayer, Robert W., and Eric W. Nelsom. Ways of the World. N.p.: Bedford/St.
- against China, Persia, and Byzantium
- Wolves - specialized fierce soldiers
- Uthman Amr ibn Bahr/Al-Jahiz describes the skill the Turks had on horseback
--> very accurate
--> very fast
- Used against Russia, China, Eastern Europe
- gave them an advantage over agricultural societies
- Developed new technologies
--> harnesses and saddles
--> weapons used from horseback
We hope you learned some important aspects of the pastoralist people and their innovative influence on our world.
Thanks for watching!