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To Kill A Mockingbird

A book of which takes place in the fictional town of Maycomb county in south Alabama after slavery was abolished.

josselyn J.

on 5 March 2014

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Transcript of To Kill A Mockingbird

Harper Lee
To KILL a Mockingbird
Jean Louise Finch
Warm & Friendly
"I never deliberately learned to read, but somehow i had been wallowing illicitly in the daily papers. In the long hours of church was it then i learned? I could not remember not being able to read hymns. Now that i was compelled to think about it, reading was something to just came to me, as learning to fasten the seat of my union suit without looking around, or achieving two bows from a snarl of shoelaces. I could not remember when the lines above Atticus's moving finger seperated into words, but i had started at them all the evenings in my memory, listening to the news of the day, Bills to Be Enacted into Laws, the diaries of Lorenzo Dow-anything Atticus happened to be reading when i crawled into his lap every night. Until I feared I would lose it, i never loved to read. One does not love breathing."
“My father looked at me mildly, amusement in his eyes. Despite our compromise, my campaign to avoid school had continued in one form or another since my first day’s dose of it: the beginning of last September had brought on sinking spells, dizziness, and gastric complaints. I went as far as to pay a nickel for the privilege of rubbing my head against the head of Miss Rachel’s cook’s son, who was afflicted with the tremendous ringworm. It didn’t take.” (Ch., 9.p87-88)
“… I noticed that Mrs.Dubose’s corrections grew fewer and farther between, that Jem had even left one sentence dangling in mid-air. She was not listening.
I looked towards the bed.
Something had happened to her. She lay on her back, with the quilts up to her chin. Only her head and shoulders were visible. Her head moved slowly from side to side. From time to time she would open her mouth wide, and I could see her tongue undulate faintly. Cords of saliva would collect on her lips; she would draw them in, then open her mouth again. Her mouth seemed to have a private existence of its own. It worked separate and apart from the rest of her, out and in, like a clam hole at low tide. Occasionally it would say, ”Pt,” like some vicious substance coming to boil.” (Ch., 11p.122-123)
Analysis: Ever since she started on the wrong foot on her first day she's determined to change Atticus's desicion on having her continue school.
“This was the second time I heard Atticus ask that question in two days, and it meant somebody’s man would get jumped. This was too good to miss. I broke away from Jem and ran as fast as I could to Atticus. (Ch., 15p.172)
(...)"I had leaped triumphantly into a ring of people I had never seen before… 'Don't you touch him!' I kicked the man swiftly. Bare-footed, I was surprised to see him fall back in real pain."
Analysis: She jumps into action without much thought.
using both hands with equal ease
“Mr. Gilmer asked him one more question. “ ‘About your writing your left hand, are you ambidewithxtrous, Mr.Ewell?’ ’’ “*(Ch., 17p. 202)*
Synonym(s): able, skillful
What If:
The plot in this story would be different if it took place in another time or place. This story takes place during the Great Depression, when times are hard for families to make enough money to know what their next meal which will be served is. The Holocaust is occurring and the people in Maycomb are aware of what is taking course in Germany. The belief in white supremacy is very much fresh in Maycomb even though slavery has already been abolished. Therefore i think that the plot would take a whole different toll if occurred in another setting.
scout prefers overalls/jeans over dresses.
Scout (dressed in her pink dress) reasons that if EVEN Aunt Alexandra can be a lady... than so can she.
“Come along, Mr. Arthur,” I heard myself saying,” you don’t know the house real well. I’ll just take you to the porch, sir.” [pg.312] (…) “I slipped my hand into the crook of his arm. He had to stoop a little to accommodate me, but is Miss Stephanie Crawford was watching from the upstairs window, she would see Arthur Radley escorting me down the sidewalk, as any gentleman would do.” [Ch., 31p.319-320]
Analysis: Scout had just met Boo Radley and instead of being impolite or rude she’s polite. She knows people will talk, there’s nothing she can do about that. Doing what she views as the right thing to do Scout gives them (Miss Stephanie) something worth talking about. Scout’s actions reflect her good intentions.
Analysis: Throughout the story Scout observes witnesses the injustice acts of the people (the jury) around her, along with their hypocrisy(Miss Caroline).
Scout is her own definition of a tomboy, who would much rather climb trees than do what other six year old girls would do.
I however don't think that the characters would change. What Scout and Jem undergo is the awareness of Racial prejudice (Tom Robinson [or any black man]), Social snobbery (Aunt Alexandra), equality (that is nonexistent between the Whites and the Blacks) all of which are topics the average person too becomes aware of as they mature. Atticus was brought up with morals... morals of which wouldn't change anywhere in America or China. He goes about bringing up Scout and Jem setting a good example for his children, helping them distinguish good from evil(develop a conscience) . Mr. Arthur (Boo) is a mockingbird, an injured one victim of the cruelty of his father and the evil in the world. His good shines out as he interacts with the children (the objects in the knot-hole in the oak tree) and leads to him making his way out of the house to save Jem and Scout (Boo is a child basically one in need of love and affection after all those years of being neglected by his father. Mr. Underwood starts to see he has wronged with discriminating against Negroes and by the end he has captured the whole picture and is defending them in his own way.
Injustice acts
The Jury convicts Tom Robinson guilty.
The jury convicted Tom solely because he's black. Atticus lays everything on the table making it clear that he (tom) was innocent. While the jury does take a while to reach their verdict, their decision is made with what will happen TO THEM depending what verdict they reach instead of what will occur to Tom. Their delayed time, is more of a show that their conscience is making a presence, sentencing a man to death just because he is black and
\ˈen-ˌtāl, in-ˈtāl\
noun, verb
synonym(s): carry, necessitate
1. to restrict (property) by limiting the inheritance to the owner's lineal descendants or to a particular class thereof (verb)
2.a restriction especially of lands by limiting the inheritance to the owner's lineal descendants or to a particular class thereof
"Walter's father was one of Atticus's clients. After a dreary conversation in our livingroom one night about his entailment, before Mr. Cunningham left
he said..." [Ch., 2p.22]
To kill a Mockingbird
BY: Josselyn J
Third period
The theme is as Jem and Scout muture they become aware of the way Maycomb (the world in genearl) works.
Analysis: Scout is literate (able to read and write) something not common for her young age.
Jem and Scout meet Dill.
In the fictional town of Maycomb county.
Rising Action
Dill, Jem and Scout develop a fascination concerning "Boo" Radley. They go about doing things to get noticed by him.
Rising Action
Scout finds out that Atticus is defending a ("nigger")black man in court
Rising Action
Aunt Alexandra comes to live with them "for a while"
Rising Action
Jem and Scout go to the courthouse to hear Tom Robinson's trial.
The jury find Tom guilty
Scout and Jem become aware of the unfairness being committed when the jury find Tom guilty
Tom dies as he tries to escape prison (is shot seventeen times)
After the pageant Mr.Bob Ewell attacks Scout and Jem.
Mr. Heck Tate says that Mr. Bob Ewell is died and appears that he fell on his own knife.
Atticus objects, and Mr. Heck reasons that he isn't thinking of Jem, he is protecting Boo (who stabbed Bob Ewell and saved them)
Scout walks Boo home and proceeds to to take a walk in his skin standing as she stands on his porch
Scout never sees Boo Radley again

1. an unfavorable opinion or feeling formed beforehand or without knowledge, thought, or reason.
2. any preconceived opinion or feeling, either favorable or unfavorable.

# "It's owner said, 'Uff!' and tried to catch my arms, but they were tightly pinioned (p. 301)."
Synonym(s): Shackle, restrain
"State will not prejudice the witness against counsel for the defense," murmured Judge Taylor primly,"at least not this time. "[Ch., 18p.206]
Synonym(s): disadvantage, disfavor, disfavour
1. being in that place or over there; being that or those over there: That road yonder is the one to take.
2. being the more distant or farther: yonder side.
# "It was sticking in that tree yonder, the one comin' from school."
[Ch., 4p.37]
Synonym: Distant
Place in: Maycomb, Alabama
(Fictional town)
During: * 1933-1935
"Maycomb was an old town, but it was a tired old town when I first knew it. In rainy weather the streets turned to red slop; grass grew on sidewalks, the courthouse sagged in the square. Somehow, it was hotter then: a black dog suffered on a summer's day; bony mules hitched to Hoover carts flicked flies in the sweltering shade of the live oaks on the square. Men's stiff collars wilted by nine in the morning. Ladies bathed before noon, after their three-o'clock naps, and by nightfall were like soft teacakes with frostings of sweat and sweet talcum." [Ch., 1p.5-6]
(Ch., 15p.173)
Somber, Serious and Humorous (at times)
The title To Kill a Mockingbird doesn't relate to killing an Animal.. a Mockingbird. It connects with killing a Mockingbird of which symbolizes everything that is good and harmless.
"I'd rather you shot at tin cans in the back yard, but i know you'll go after birds. Shoot all the bluejays you want, if you can hit 'em, but remember it's a sin to kill a mockingbird.
" Your father's right,"she said." Mockingbirds don't do one thing but make music for us to enjoy. They don't do one thing but sing their hearts out for us. That's why it's a sin to kill a mockingbird."
"As you grow older, you’ll see white men cheat black men every day of your life, but let me tell you something and don’t you forget it—whenever a white man does that to a black man, no matter who he is, how rich he is, or how fine a family he comes from, that white man is trash."
(Ch., 23p.252)
Analysis: Atticus is trying to explain to Jem as he gets older he'll see more of what he saw in the courtroom and it's not right, but it'll still be done.
Through the story we are told that though it's wrong to create opinions and judgments based on stereotypes.
In Maycomb's society a White man's word will always overrule the words of a Black man.
* Boo stabs Mr. Ewell
* Boo is never to be seen again
* Tom tries to escape jail, and is shot seventeen times.
The people of Maycomb view it as typical of a black man to try to escape his conviction.
Overall Message
The author's overall message is to show how Jem and Scout mature, and learn to face to reality of the inequality in the world(their society). They learn how to tolerate and "keep their heads" when encountering situations that will put their morals to test.
Ch., 16p.103
Ch., 16p.103
Jem gave a reasonable description of Boo: Boo was about six-and-a-half feet tall, judging from his tracks; he dined on raw squirrels and any cats he could catch, that's why his hands were bloodstained—if you ate an animal raw, you could never wash the blood off. There was a long jagged scar that ran across his face; what teeth he had were yellow and rotten; his eyes popped, and he drooled most of the time. (Ch., 1p.15)
Due to all the rumors and gosssip that the town of Maycomb has started about Boo Radley, everyone "less one" has made a monster out of a complete innocent and harmless being.
A Victim Of Human Cruelty

saw a throstle with a broken wing
He hopped by hedgerow pity the poor thing
He will die tomorrow if he live today
As for cat or fox or dog he's easy prey.

When I think of what happened to him I feel sick
He was injured by a youngster with a stick
He aimed and struck the bird a crippling blow
And the wounded creature crept into hedgerow.

And homeward whistling happly he did go
Leaving his crippled victim to die slow
It's sad to think so very very sad
That human kind can be so very bad.

That little throstle never done him wrong
So why be cruel to little bird of song
That little songbird is about to die
Due to the cruelty of cruel hearted boy.

He rob the green wood of a singing voice
And his act of cruelty caused him to rejoice
But human kind have in them evil streak
And they torment the innocent and weak.

Francis Duggan
a. & b.
Boo is a broken bird, one which you could say is pitied by people like Heck Tate or even Aticus.
Placed under spotlight, Arthur wouldn't
stand much under the scrutiny of
Dill, Jem and Scout
), the fox ( ),
Miss Stephanie
and the dog ( ), which makes - him an easy target.
the cat (
[Alpha male of his sort]
his father
C & d
As a child Boo suffered from the abuse of his father.
People like to identify themselves as birds and when something happens to them that emotionally affects them they like to say thier " wings are clipped". Boo's wings were clipped by his very own father. And as a result he goes back to his" homeward" which isn't much of a home to boo it's more that he has no where else to go (as Dill reasons) ... so he goes back to the only place he knows.
e. & f.
Mr.Radley (his father) passes away, leaving Boo to continue to suffer to the consequences of his (Mr.Radley's) cruelty and neglectance that has wounded Boo.
It is sad, sad to think that if Mr. Radley hadn't been such a prideful man, Boo could've gotten far. For all the prejudice in Human kind, Human kind can be bad.
g. & H.
The throstle (Boo) never did do Mr.Radley any wrong, yet he harms Boo, who is no more than an innocent bird.
Boo had been repeatedly wounded... by his own father and even his younger borther Nathan Radley, when his death was to come he would die at the stakes of his sentence issued by Mr.Radley. Though Mr.Radley is died he still keeps Boo in his "homeward"... though only because Boo has no where else to go.
i. & j.
In Maycomb Boo is a victim of all the community's talk. They add on to their tales thrasing the image of an innocent and weak bird.
Mr. Radley's robbed Maycomb of someone as intelligent and kindhearted as Boo, ledding to his satisfaction.
"There's something in our world that makes men lose their heads—they couldn't be fair if they tried. In our courts, when it's a white man's word against a black man's, the white man always wins. They're ugly, but those are the facts of life. […] (Ch., 23)
a: to disable or restrain by binding the arms

b: to bind fast : shackle

" 'It ain't right. He didn't kill anyone even if he was guilty.' "
(Ch., 23p.250)
"You just can’t convict a man on evidence like that—you can’t."
(Ch., 23p.252)
"No sir, they oughta do away with juries. He wasn’t guilty in the first place and they said he was."
(Ch., 23p.251)
Jem is having a hard time taking it all in.
" To Maycomb, Tom's death was typical. Typical of a nigger to cut and run. Typical of a nigger's mentality to have no plan, no thought for the future, just run blind first chance he saw."
(Ch., 25p.275)
"Jem how can you hate Hitler so bad an' then turn around and be ugly about folks at home-"
(Ch., 26p.283)
Scout is aware of the racial prejudice and hyprocritical thoughts of people.
(Ch., 2p.19-20)
"For a While" in maycomb meant anything from three days to thirty years" (Ch., 13p.145)
"Yes sir, I understand," I assured him. "Mr. Tate was right."
Atticus disengaged himself and looked at me. "What do you mean?"
"Well, it'd be sort of like shootin' a mockingbird, wouldn't it?"
(Ch., 30p.317)
Adjective or Pronoun
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