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Copy of 10.1: Intro to Buddhism

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by

Mary Ann Cohen

on 23 October 2013

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Transcript of Copy of 10.1: Intro to Buddhism

Buddhism
Buddhism: The Basics
Buddhism compared to Hinduism:
Buddhism the Hindu emphasis on rituals, many gods, etc. and on personal enlightenment through meditation.
rejects
focuses
Also, Buddhists reject the caste system in favor of spiritual equality for all.
Caste System
(Priests) Reflective, with a passion to understand and a keen intuitive grasp of the values that matter most in human life. Civilization’s intellectual and spiritual leaders. Philosophers, artists, religious leaders, and teachers.
(Warriors) Natural administrators. Have the ability to organize and lead people and projects.
Producers; farmers, artisans. Create things on which life depends
Followers, or servants. Unskilled laborers.
Dalit
"Untouchables"
Beggars, jobs that are considered "unclean" (such as handling animal or human corpses )

This title is outlawed in modern India
Buddhism offers a way out of suffering...
...and the final goal is nirvana, or union with the universe and release from the cycle of rebirth (reincarnation)
Finally, Buddhism began with a man named Siddhartha Gautama, later known as the Buddha.
Buddha's Life:
His mother has a vision. In it, she gives birth to a baby who emerges, takes seven steps, and then says:
(1)
"This is my last birth... I shall dispel the suffering that fills the world"
(2)
A sage made an important prediction about his birth. He stated two possibilities:
He would be come a great ruler like his father, or a spiritual leader.
(3)
Siddhartha's father, in an attempt to keep him on the path towards kingship, surrounded him with beauty and perfection.
(4)
When he was 29, a trip outside the palace walls changed his life forever. On this trip, he had four encounters:

1. Old man
2. Sick person
3. Corpse
4. A renunciate (define)
Because of this confrontation with his mortality and the mortality of all people, Siddhartha left the palace, cut off his hair, changed his clothes, and went into the woods. This is called:
The Great Renunciation
His goal was to find deliverance from the suffering of the world. He had two failed (but informative attempts):
I.
Deep trance forms of meditation
But this only offered temporary freedom from suffering.
II.
Severe asceticism
But this created an extreme focus on the body, thus defeating the purpose of release from the world and its suffering.
What did Siddhartha conclude?
The Middle Way
While meditating under a tree, refusing to move until he had achieved liberation, Siddhartha is challenged by Mara (a symbol of all worldly lies and evil) in three ways:
Site of Buddha's "awakening"
What did the Buddha discover in his "awakening"/
"enlightenment?"
Four Noble Truths
All life is full of suffering, pain and sorrow
The cause of suffering is non-virtue (negative deeds and mindsets such as hatred and desire)
The only cure for suffering is overcoming non-virtue
Be sure you understand what non-virtue means!!
The way to overcome non-virtue is to follow the Eightfold Path.
The Eightfold Path
There are _____ instructions in the Eightfold Path. If they are followed, one is able to overcome non-virtue.
These instructions can be categorized under three topics. We will use these topics for our purposes instead of knowing all 8 components.
Wisdom
Ethics
Meditation
Trivia!!!
Approximately how many Buddhists are there in the world?
a. 100 million
b. 488 million
c. 1 billion
d. 50 million
Buddhists comprise what percent of the world's population?
a. 25%
b. 1%
c. 15%
d. 7%
Which country has the largest number of Buddhists?
a. China
b. Japan
c. Thailand
d. India
The Buddha walked around for 45 years, preaching and gaining followers. He died at age 81 and is buried in four different places.
Find out what this is:

Google -


Kalachakra Sand Mandala
What is a religion?
Full transcript