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International Sporting Events - GCSE PE
Transcript of International Sporting Events - GCSE PE
The first Rugby World Cup was in 1987. The
trophy is called the William Webb Ellis Cup,
named after the inventor of the game.
It is held every 4 years, the 2015 tournament
to be played in England. Cricket
The ICC World Cup is competed for as a one day event (rather than 5 day TEST matches), and began in 1975. It is held every 4 years. The 2015 World Cup will be co-hosted by Australia & New Zealand. Athletics
The first World Championship was held in 1991, and is now held every 2 years. This event is for both male & female athletes. Formula One
Formula One racing is an annual championship. It is probably one of the most popular international events and is televised around the world High Profile International Sporting Events Grand Slam Tennis
There are 4 tennis tournaments that make up the tennis 'Grand Slam' - The French Open, the USA Open, the Australian Open & Wimbledon. It is the ultimate goal of any male or female player to win the Grand Slam in one year. These tournaments are televised around the world. SUPERBOWL
The most-watched US TV broadcast of the year and attracts attention from the rest of the world too! Football leagues such as the Premiership & La Liga
are very popular across the world. They are widely publicised & televised, which attracts large worldwide audiences. This leads to increased sponsorship & financial backing One-off Events
Stand alone events such as high profile boxing matches are very popular . They are regularly set-up & promoted and can generate huge profits for promoters, fighters & broadcasters through Pay-per-view. One-off Sporting Events
Stand alone events, such as boxing matches are very popular. They are regularly set-up & promoted as they generate large amounts of profit for promoters, fighters & broadcasters through pay-per-view. THE OLYMPIC GAMES
The Olympic Games are probably the highest profile sporting event that takes place. The ancient games first took part in Greece in 776 BC. However, the modern games were founded by Pierre de Coubertin who set up the IOC (International Olympic Committee), which organised the 1896 modern summer Olympic Games in Athens. 14 nations and 241 athletes competed in 43 events. It was decided that different cities around the world should host the summer olympics every four years, and after lacklustre events in Paris in 1900 (where women were allowed to compete for the first time) and St Louis, USA in 1904, the Olympic Games began to expand. At London 2012, 204 countries sent more than 10,000 athletes to compete in over 300 events. In1921 it was decided that there should be an Olympic Games for winter sports. The first Winter Olympics took place in Chamonix, France in 1924 In 1948, Sir Ludwig Guttmann, determined to promote the rehabitation of soldiers after World War II, organized a multi-sport event between several hospitals to coincide with the 1948 London Olympics. Guttmann's event, known then as the Stoke Mandeville Games, became an annual sports festival. Over the next twelve years, Guttmann and others continued their efforts to use sports as an avenue to healing. For the 1960 Olympic Games, in Rome, Guttmann brought 400 athletes to compete in the "Parallel Olympics", which became known as the first Paralympics. Since then, the Paralympics have been held in every Olympic year. Since the 1988 Summer Olympics in Seoul, South Korea, the host city for the Olympics has also played host to the Paralympics.In 2001 the International Olympic Committee (IOC) and the International Paralympic Committee (IPC) signed an agreement guaranteeing that host cities would be contracted to manage both the Olympic and Paralympic Games Berlin 1936
Adolph Hitler ruled Germany at this time & wanted to use the games for propaganda purposes - to promote his racist views about Jewish & black people. The black American athlete Jesse Owens won 4 gold medals to disprove Hitler's theories. Moscow 1980
The Soviet Union ( a united state of many communist countries, including Russia) invaded Afghanistan in 1979. In protest, the USA refused to send a team, and other countries including GB advised competitors not to go. In the end, 52 teams boycotted the event, reducing the standard of the competition 1936 - Berlin
1948 - London
1952 - Helsinki
1956 - Melbourne
1960 - Rome
1964 - Tokyo
1968 - Mexico City
1972 - Munich
1976 - Montreal
1980 - Moscow
1984 - Los Angeles
1988 - Seoul
1992 - Barcelona
1996 - Atlanta
2000 - Sydney
2004 - Athens
2008 - Beijing
2012 - London
2016 - Rio de Janeiro Munich 1972
The Israeli team were subjected to an attack in the Olympic village, by Palestinian terrorists. In the end, 11 hostages, 5 terrorists & a polic officer were killed as the siege was televised around the world. This incident has meant that security issues hav dominated subsequent Olympic games Boycott - not doing something/ not using something as a protest propaganda - a message aimed at influencing the behaviour and/or opinions of a large number of people Apartheid - a policy of separating groups especially because of race or skin colour International Sport as a Political Tool
Some countries use sport as a means of sending a political message. Success at international sport may show the rest of the world that their country/ ways of doing things are superior.
Or the event may be used to get a message across: Montreal 1976
South Africa was banned from taking part due to its apartheid policy. There was a boycott of the games by many African countries & New Zealand, with 30 nations refusing to send teams. The financial cost of staging the event meant that Montreal was still paying off the debt 30 years later. Los Angeles 1984
The Soviet Union & 14 other communist nations boycotted these games in retaliation to the USA boycotting the Moscow games 4 years previously.
This was the first Olympic Games to make a profit, as it started the process of commercialising the games. Sponsors were used, television rights bundled to make the more attractive and the opening ceremony was more spectacular than had been seen before. This made other countries interested in hosting subsequent games due to the commercial opportunities that they were beginning to present. Advantages of Hosting the Olympic Games Sports Tourism Tourists who come to watch the games will spend money on hotels, food, transport and retail outlets. This provides a boost to the economy during the games Hosting a successful games can raise tourism levels for years to come, as it attracts people to visit the places they have seen on TV. The provision of new facilities which can be used after the games.
Regeneration of area - benefits the local community afterwards
Making a profit through merchandising.
Increased number of visitors bringing money into the country.
Raise the profile of the country for attracting future events or by winning more medals.
Increased nationalism/ feel good factor.
More employment short-term in construction or long-term in tourism.
Changed infrastructure improved transport links. Disadvantages of Hosting the Olympic Games A disadvantage of hosting the games could be the possibility that the games are not a success and in fact generate massive debt. As the Montreal Olympics of 1976 proved. The Canadian government are reportedly still paying off the debt 35 years later.
A second disadvantage of hosting the games can be the security impact of terrorism, and the threat it carries. Increased security, searches, man-power, the cost and impact that terrorism can have on the games could run into their millions. Adverse publicity would also impact on the profit margins and the popularity of the local government.
Finally another disadvantage of the Olympic games is the possibility that facilities and regeneration that occurred as a result of the games could become white elephants in the decades to follow. This means facilities that become unused and derelict, a waste of public money if they are not utilised efficiently.
•A cities infrastructure (transport and communication system) must be excellent to cope with the influx of visitors The Jules Rimet Trophy (World Cup) started in 1930 and has been held every four years since. It is the most widely viewed sporting event in the world. An estimated 715 million people watched the 2006 FIFA World Cup in Germany.