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Copy of Comenius II
Transcript of Copy of Comenius II
Fire as main source of Glass Industry
Take a little sand, lots of recycled glass, a pinch of limestone and some soda ash. Mix all the ingredients together. Heat the mix to 1500 degrees celsius and what you get is glass!
After the mixture melted in the furnace, it flows through channels toward a set of molds. The dosage for each mold is controlled according to the size of the glass that is going to be created.
After the mixture has been molded their temperature is about 700 degrees. Before being ready is sent to a cabinet where the temperature is 650 degrees, in which the temperature is being reduced to ambient temperature. That's when the mixture has gone for the solid state and is ready to be used.
The glass swans are well known and are present in many Portuguese homes. We can see how they are made often at craft fairs. This handicraft activity attracts a lot of public attention due to the flame used to shape the glass in this beautiful object.
5th Comenius International Meeting in Akyazi, Turkey -
Vista Alegre Atlantis Group
It was only in the eighteenth century that the glass industry settled in Portugal - in Marinha Grande - and still exists nowadays.
The abundance of raw materials and fuel advised the promotion of this industry in that region.
In 1769 the Englishman William Stephens received important protection from Marquis of Pombal and settled in that town. The Royal Glass Factory of Marinha Grande developed to the point that Portugal, after England, was the first country to manufacture crystal.
Glass Industry & Summer Activities
Agrupamento de Escolas Carolina Michaelis
Maria Graça Cruz
Beatriz Aguiar Teixeira - 12SE
Sofia Filipa Pinho - 12CT1
In Summer when the Fire and the Heat coming from the sun are at its peak Humans make the most of it through different activities: swimming, surfing, sailing, canoeing, kayaking in the fresh Water of Seas and Rivers to freshen up and enjoy the Elements at their fullest. In Portugal, due to its long coastline of beaches, people spend summer in the coolest spots and long for the long days and nights near the Water. Here are some of the most popular summer activities...
Most Famous Beaches
Portugal is well known when it comes to sun and heat, which makes our beaches excellent.
We are going to show you some of the most famous, starting from north till south.
Peniche,Ericeira & Nazaré
Portuguese beaches have great conditions, particularly for surfing.
Peniche, Ericeira, Cortegaça and Nazaré are the most famous places in Portugal when it comes to surfing attracting many professional surfers during all the year.
Many world records have already been established in Portuguese beaches, for example, the largest wave was ridden in Nazaré by Garrett McNamara, in 2011.
There are many different ways available to visit the Douro region and its landscapes, from just hiking along the dirt roads to flying above it in private helicopter rides. However, the greatest way to enjoy it is absolutely by kayak.
The Douro River is one of the longest of the Iberian Peninsula, and one that crosses one of the most dramatic and beautiful landscapes and some of the world’s most famous wine regions.
The Vista Alegre Group is the largest domestic producer of porcelain and the Atlantis Group a major producer of pieces of glass. However, in May 2001 Vista Alegre with Atlantis formed one big company, the largest national producer of Tableware and the sixth largest in the world in this sector: the Grupo Vista Alegre Atlantis.
Marinha Grande is Portugal's biggest glass manufacturer, and it is also the European capital for the moulding industry, with 250 companies operating there, rightfully giving the town the nickname 'The Crystal City'.
The Glass Museum is housed in Stephens Palace, a Neoclassical style building that was built on the second half of the 18th century.
Ericeira & Cortegaça
Douro River - Oporto
Lagos - Algarve
Lagos is one of Portugal’s best kayaking destinations.
The southern coast of the Algarve , which is spectacularly beautiful, has an abundance of mysterious sea caves, tranquil lagoons and hidden beaches.
Here you can have your lifetime kayaking experience...
Matosinhos is one of the coastal areas of the city of Oporto, as well as the surf beach. The International beach, as it is known, has a very long sandy beach and it has excellent conditions to spend some quality time with family and friends. This is also the closest beach from where we live.
The most popular destination is the town of Estoril, with casinos, upmarket hotels and five beaches lined with bars and restaurants. The water is calmer than along Portugal's main stretches of coastline, because the beaches face south. In the west lies Cascais, about a 20-minute walk away. There, Praia de Guincho is considered one of the country's best beaches for windsurfing, while Paia da Rainha and Praia de Ribeira are more popular with families.
Estoril & Cascais Beach
Zambujeira do Mar Beach
Residents in this area and those passing by love the beach and the atmosphere that surrounds the Alentejo village. Summer temperatures normally range between 25 and 35 degrees. It is one of the
most iconic beaches of the Alentejo coast and is protected from strong winds by two cliffs that descend to the sea.
Praia da Rocha "Rock Beach"
Algarve is the best-known stretch of Portugal's coast. The beaches are characterized by the white sand and by the calm and turquoise water. Praia da Rocha is backed by remarkable cliffs. The sandy beach is located east of Lagos, near Portimao, and during summer, is filled with tourists from all over the world.
The 4 Elements of Nature and their Effect on Our Lives
How Fire is used in industry and entertainment in Portugal
Leça da Palmeira, Oporto
Tejo River, Lisbon
Portimão beach, Algarve
Sever do Vouga, Aveiro
Silver medal in canoeing
Olympic Games - London - 2012
We hope you enjoy our dance:
"Vira da Nazaré"