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personality disorder

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Helen Chen

on 12 December 2012

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Transcript of personality disorder

Personality disorder BY: Helen Chen What is a personality disorder? Categories The End :) Personality disorder is a condition when
a person feels, thinks and sees specific things
significantly different than the average person. There are 10 categories of personality
disorders, but the symptoms over-lap
a lot. Thanks for listening :) It usually starts during childhood, or adolescence, and affects 10-15 percent of North Americans. Some people who have
personality disorders realize that
their behaviour is a problem, but yet
they don't try to change. They are commonly self-centered, and
don't see themselves as responsible for
their behaviour. Instead, they blame others. In most cases, the causes of
personality disorders are unknown,
but a lot of environmental and genetic
factors are play a role . The 10 categories are put into 3 "Clusters". Cluster A Cluster A is categorized by odd behaviour. The three behaviours are: Paranoid (Extremely suspicious)
Schizoid (Isolation, and lack of emotional bond)
Schizotypal (Odd appearance and unusual thought patterns) Cluster B Cluster B is categorized by overly dramatic behaviour. This cluster is more serious than cluster A. There is a higher risk of suicide, and a very strong want and desire to be the center of attention of the people around them. Borderline personality disorder (People who have this disorder are highly unstable. They fear abandonment, and cling onto people they have feelings for. They direct their negative emotions towards themselves. They do things like cut themselves.) Cluster C Cluster C is categorized by anxious, fearful behaviour. The three clusters are: Obsessive-compulsive (They want to do things the "right" way, and are generally perfectionists.)
Avoidant ( They fear criticism, and rejection. They avoid social situations in order to prevent being judged by others.)
Dependent ( They are overly dependent on others for advice, and approval. They are clingy to friends and partners because they fear abandonment.) There are four behaviours in this cluster Narcissistic personality disorder (The are self-centered, demanding, and envious. They lack empathy and crave admiration and attention from others.) Histrionic personality disorder (They are dramatic, self centered, shallow, and manipulative. People who are histrionic are often attractive, and sexually seductive.) Antisocial personality disorder (They are manipulative, selfish, aggressive, and reckless. They are willing to break the law, lie and exploit others for their own personal gain, without feeling remorse.) Paranoid Causes and symptoms People with this disorder commonly
come from a family where there is a history of schizophrenia, or delusional disorder. Genetics is a contributing factor. Schizoid Causes and symptoms They are highly suspicious, and feel that they are in danger. The causes are unknown, but
this disorder shares a lot of the
same risk factors. But it does not
cause hallucinations or delusion. Appear detached
Does not want or enjoy close relationships Treatment Putting fewer demands on emotional closeness on a person with this disorder helps. Schizotypal Causes and symptoms The cause of this disorder is unknown, but genes are a contributing factor. People with this disorder behave oddly, and have unusual beliefs.
These beliefs are so strong, that it sometimes prevents them from having relationships.
They feel upset because they have a hard time forming relationships with others. Treatment Narcissistic Talking to a therapist can help them relate to others in a positive way.
Learn that not everything is just about them. Borderline Treatment Group therapy can help them see how other people are coping with their disorder.
Medication Anti-social Treatment This is one of the hardest disorders to treat. People with this disorder rarely seek help. Effective treatment for this disorder is unknown, but showing them negative consequences of their behaviours seem to work. Histrionic Treatment Talking to a therapist
Medication Treatment Talking to a therapist
A combination of both medication and seeing a therapist is more effective than just one of them. Taking medication
Therapist Schizoid Just for fun personality disorder test :) http://www.scenicreflections.com/media/78607/The_just_for_fun_personality_disorder_test/
Full transcript