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Declaration of Independence

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Zaneta Isukh

on 7 October 2015

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Transcript of Declaration of Independence

Declaration of Independence
Colonial Dissatisfaction Grows
Taxes, Taxes, Taxes!
Thomas Paine wrote
Common Sense
, a pamphlet that helped convince colonists to support independence
The Declaration of Independence is divided into four sections
Thomas Jefferson was selected to write the first draft of the Declaration of Independence
Why did colonists want to declare independence?
The colonists’ decision to create the Declaration of Independence came after several years of conflict between Great Britain and the colonists. Historians argue that this relationship started to deteriorate in 1763 after the end of the Seven Years War.
The Seven Years War is also known as the French and Indian War
Sections of the Declaration
1. Preamble-
It gives the reasons why the colonists think they have the right to rebel. It says that if their government doesn't protect their rights, they have the right to rebel.
2. Declaration of Natural Rights-
Lists the rights of the citizens. It goes on to explain that people form a government to protect their rights. "We hold these truths to be self-evident.."
3. List of Grievances-
Gives all the ways that the king has failed to protect the colonists' rights. This ties in to the previous section and gives the specific things the king has allegedly done wrong
4. Resolution of Independence-
Says "so now, because of this stuff, we are our own country."
You can think of the Declaration of Independence as a breakup letter from the colonies to Great Britain!
to end

the group of people who are responsible for making the laws in some kinds of government

Unalienable (rights):
basic rights of people that may not be taken away

Declaration of Independence:
the formal statement written by Thomas Jefferson declaring the freedom of the thirteen American colonies from Great Britain. It is the fundamental document establishing the United States as a nation, adopted on July 4, 1776
money levied by a government for specific facilities or services

Taxation Without Representation:
the idea that is unfair to tax someone without giving them a voice in government

to refuse to purchase certain goods or services

a person who abuses his or her power
Declaration of Independence
In 1774, the Parliament passed the
Coercive Acts
(1774- Boston Port Act closed Boston Harbor and Quartering Act required colonists to provide housing for British soldiers) as a way to punish the colonists living in Massachusetts for the Boston Tea Party. The Coercive Acts compelled the
First Continental Congress
to meet in Philadelphia to agree on a response, which included a boycott of British goods and petitioning the king for a repeal of these acts.

King George III did not respond to the colonists’ requests for relief on his belief that the colonists did not have the right to make such requests.
Common Sense
was published in early 1776. These were some of the issues that led the colonists to declare independence.
The Declaration of Independence was a revolutionary document. No other nation's government at that time was based on the principles of
consent of the governed
(an agreement made by the people to establish a government and abide by its laws).

Over the years, many other nations have used the Declaration of Independence as a model in their own efforts to gain freedom.
The Seven Years War resulted in significant debt for the British government. As a way to help pay off this debt, the British Parliament passed several laws that taxed the colonists including the
Stamp Act
(1765- required colonists to pay a tax on paper goods, including legal documents, newspapers, etc.) and the
Townshend Acts
(1767- new taxes on glass, lead, paints, paper, and tea).
Full transcript