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IES 205: Repko Chapter 2 Overview

Chapter 2 Overview

Monica Shukla

on 7 January 2013

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Transcript of IES 205: Repko Chapter 2 Overview

IES 205
Learning Across Boundaries:
The Power of Cross Disciplinary Curricula M-Th 8:30-12:20 pm
BK 204
Monica Shukla, MS Introductions
Anticipated Professional Setting
If I Could Solve Any Problem... Course Text Repko, Allen F. (2012). Interdisciplinary Research: Process and Theory. (2nd Ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publication. Chapter 1
Overview Generalist Interdisciplinarians:
Any Dialog Between Disciplines Integrationist Interdisciplinarians:
Integration of disciplines is the goal in order to deal with complex challenges/problems Discipline:
Branch of learning or body of knowledge (i.e., physics, psychology, history, etc.) 3 Broad Categories:
Natural Sciences
Social Sciences
Humanities Non-Traditional Disciplines:
Art, Dance, Music, Theatre Business
Criminal Justice
Social Work
And many more...
(many claim disciplinary status) Applied/Professional Fields Study that crosses traditional disciplinary boundaries, such as neuroscience, biochemistry, environmental science, nanotechnology, geobiology, educational technology, etc. Interdisciplines: Interdisciplinary Studies Approach
Detach subject/object from discipline's frameworks
Fill in knowledge gaps not addressed by discipline
If critical mass or research attained, carve out new knowledge/professional space Interdisciplinary Inter:
Contested Space
Action (integration)
Cognitive Advancement Studies
Challenge to the existing knowledge structure Interdisciplinary Studies No universally recognized core of knowledge (draws on disciplines)
Uses own methods and those of the disciplines
Produces new knowledge via the integration process Interdisciplinary Studies (Definition) A process of answering a question, solving a problem, or addressing a topic that is too broad or complex to be dealt with adequately by a single discipline, and draws on the disciplines with the goal of integrating their insights to construct a more comprehensive understanding. Contrasting Approaches Interdisciplinary Studying complex problem from the perspective of multiple disciplines, drawing insights from each, and integrating these insights Multidisciplinary Studying topics from perspective of multiple disciplines, but making no attempt to integrate their insights Transdisciplinarity Studies topics between, across, and beyond all disciplines; attempts the unification of all knowledge "Interdisciplinary recognizes and confronts differences, looks for common ground despite those differences, and seeks to produce an understanding that takes those differences into account." (Repko, p. 24) A Look Ahead... Read Chapters 1 & 2
Take Quizzes on Blackboard for Chapters 1 & 2 It's About the Problem The primary focus in the problem or issue or intellectual question that the disciplines are used to address Chapter 2
Mapping the
Drivers of
Interdisciplinarity Four Drivers: 1. The Inherent Complexity of Nature and Society Nature's complexity:
Interacting with the forces of nature and impacting natural systems Meaning of cultural artifacts, past and present 2. The desire to explore problems and questions that are not confined to a single discipline Gaps from inattention from the disciplines
Specialization increases chances of tunnel vision approaches
"Hybridization" or gap filling by integrating disciplines across boundaries
Consilience - "Jumping together of knowledge" 3. The need to solve social problems Ill-defined problems, such as hunger, terrorism, education, unemployment, etcetera. 4. The need to produce revolutionary insights and generative technologies Revolutionary Insights:
Ideas that have the capacity to transform how we learn, think, and produce new knowledge Generative Technologies: Transform existing disciplines and generate new ones
Examples: Internet, laptop, mouse, iPhone, iPad, GPS Critique of Disciplines 1. Blinded to broader context 2. Tunnel vision 3. Lack of appreciation for other disciplines 4. Important topics fall into gaps 5. Creative breakthroughs often require interdisciplanary knowledge 6. Discipline may not be comprehensive in solution 7. Products of a bygone age A Look Ahead... Read Chapters 3 & 4
Take Quizzes on Blackboard for Chapters 3 & 4
Full transcript