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Causes of the Civil War Flow Chart
Transcript of Causes of the Civil War Flow Chart
A political party, officially known as the American Party, opposed immigration.
The party divided over the issue of slavery; as it broke up the Republican Party formed with abolitionists
A bill that would have banned slavery in the territory won from Mexico in the Mexican Cession (this bill wasn't passed)
Proposal broke party's unity and divided Congress along sectional lines
Brought slavery to attention and weakened the two major parties who had tried to avoid the issue in congress for a long time.
Free Soil Party
political party formed to fight against slavery in the West
caused the major parties to take a stand on the issue of slavery
Election of 1848
Democrats - Lewis Cass, opposed Wilmot Proviso
Whigs- Zachary Taylor, won with anti-slavery
California wanted to enter as a free state; this angered South
South started to discuss secession leading to a compromise
Compromise of 1850
Settled dispute between North and South
California entered as a free state; Utah and New Mexico voted through popular sovereignty
Caused slave trade to end in Washington, DC
Fugitive Slave Law set in place
Fugitive Slave Act
added amendments to the earlier law about runaway slaves
Runaway slaves in the North would be returned to the South
Restored calmness in the nation for a short while
Harriet Beecher Stowe
published "Uncle Tom's Cabin"
depicted slavery as a moral evil
inspired many Northerners to join the abolitionist cause
Used popular sovereignty to give people of the territories the right to vote to determine slavery
congress had to repeal the Missouri Compromise line (36*30)
Northerners were mad about Congress' decision
Northerners formed this party and became committed to the "free soil" movement
challenged former parties
A war between Kansas and Missouri because Missouri residents illegally voted in Kansas; admitting it as a free state.
showed that popular sovereignty wasn't the answer to slavery disputes
Election of 1856
First election where candidates represented regions of the country not the nation
Republicans lost but they realized that the North (anti-slavery) had enough votes without the South so they knew abolition was possible
Dred Scott Case
A court case where Dred Scott, slave, sued for his freedom since he was in a free state
court ruled: 1. slaves couldn't sue 2. Missouri Compromise was unconstitutional 3. congress didn't have the right to stop slavery
made North angry; some talked about seceding and others thought some members of the court should be impeached
Lincoln- Douglas Debates
Stephen Douglas ran against Lincoln for Illinois senate
Lincoln lost but gained popularity for his anti-slavery argument
John Brown's Raid
abolitionist, John Brown, led an unsuccessful raid on a federal armory at Harper's Ferry in an attempt to free slaves in a massive uprising
South thought that the North were going to use violence to end slavery
Election of 1860
Lincoln won with anti-slavery without a single Southern vote
South assumed slavery would end soon and began seceding
this was a major push towards war
Confederate States of America
government of the 11 southern states that seceded from the Union
the south began making a new gov't that would support state's rights and slavery
a proposed constitutional amendment that attempted to prevent secession of southern states by allowing slavery in all territories south of the Missouri Compromise Line
In the end, all attempted compromises failed to stop the war
Firing on Fort Sumter
South attacked Fort Sumter
First shots of the Civil War
The official start of the Civil War against the North and South over slavery