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China's One-Child Policy
Transcript of China's One-Child Policy
Mao Zedong - massive crop failures
- starvation for farmers
- most severe famine Population control became a priority ... 1966 - 1776 The Cultural Revolution - goal was to enforce
- it marked the return
of Mao Zedong to a
position of power 1979 China's so-called one-child policy came to be Implementation of the one-child policy "It's hard to find anybody who openly criticizes the policy, although these days there is a lot of ferment in the air." "The treatment of infant girls is really regrettable,' they say, 'but China needs this policy for national development, China needs it to enhance the wealth and power of the nation." "It would be bad enough if equal numbers of boys and girls were being abandoned, but the gender skewing..." "One has to understand, on life-and-death matters this is not a good time to be female in China." - American anthropologist, Susan Greenhalgh 8... great-grandparents 4... 2... 1 grandparents parents child In most cities, Chinese couples are allowed only one child, Couples in which both are single children may be allowed two but there are a few exceptions... some are allowed a second child if their first is a girl minorities are allowed a second, maybe even a third child, depending on the gender of their first-born child the the Chinese have always valued boys more than girls Chinese value of Confucianism having a son is a "big happiness", while having a daughter is a "small happiness" only sons can carry on the family name and can support their families boys outnumber girls by a ratio of 105 to 100 millions of girls have become missing gender imbalance Right now, the Chinese government reports that there are 37 million MORE MEN THAN WOMEN in China. 1 in every 5 are from this nation people abandon abort hide With an intense pressure to conceive boys, females are often or Aborted Abandoned Hidden Hundreds of thousands end up in Chinese state-run orphanages Parents who chose to abandon their babies brought them to safe places... orphanage gates hospitals farm villages Hundreds of thousands of abandoned children reached the Chinese orphanages in UNIMAGINABLE numbers orphanages were becoming overcrowded conditions were extremely poor mortality rates were high babies were disappearing with little attention Suddenly, people across the globe were becoming aware of the brutal and life-ending challenges many Chinese orphans were experiencing 1995 BBC documentary "The Dying Rooms" The government of China turned to international adoption to help reduce the number of children living in the horrid conditions of China's state-run orphanages... U.S. Canada Europe By 2008, over 100, 000 abandoned children had been adopted internationally, over 70,000 to the U.S. BLACK market in children a "Orphanages had gotten used to getting money for international adoption, and all of a sudden they did not have healthy baby girls unless they competed with traffickers for them" - Professor David Smolin at the Cumberland School of Law at Samford University in Birmingham, Alabama for my product... http://pattayatoday.net/news/40-arrested-in-china-for-child-trafficking/ http://www.a-childs-right.org/stories/29/china/ http://www.onlinejournal.com/top-news/bird-flu-reported-at-chinese-farms/ http://www.oznewsroom.com/2010/07/blog-post_4498.html http://www.beijing-kids.com/magazine/2009/09/09/The-Tan-Clan http://ohsenyum.blogspot.com/2012/07/tak-leh-senyum-802-orang-yang-disyaki.html http://gimyong.com/talung/index.php?topic=69667.0 What will the future hold for the one-child policy in China?? In the future, the one-child policy may NOT EXIST !! As of today, the Chinese government has started to relax the rules in hopes of potentially doing away with the unpopular policy. It may take days, MONTHS, or maybe several years; but eventually, the one-child policy will ultimately come to an end. http://chinaperspectives.revues.org/1120 http://www.thelongroadtochina.com/2010/10/our-visit-to-chenzhou.html http://evolutionaryparenting.com/educating-the-experts-lesson-two-needs/ http://research-china.blogspot.com/2006_03_01_archive.html http://www.themost10.com/10-most-important-leaders-in-19th-century/ http://www.kingsacademy.com/mhodges/03_The-World-since-1900/10_The-3rd-World/10_The-3rd-World-r.htm http://www.tumblr.com/tagged/great%20leap%20forward?before=37 http://www.taipeitimes.com/News/editorials/archives/2012/06/24/2003536105 http://lanechinaadoptionquestions.blogspot.com/ http://flatrock.org.nz/news/indexz019.htm http://www.realadventures.com/slideshow/1127990/6 http://research-china.blogspot.com/2008_04_01_archive.html Works Cited Wong, Edward. "Pressure Grows in China to End One-Child Law." New York Times 23 July 2012: A1(L). Gale World History In Context. Web. 25 Sep. 2012. Banister, Judith. "One-Child Policy." Encyclopedia of Population. Ed. Paul Demeny and Geoffrey McNicoll. Vol. 2. New York: Macmillan Reference USA, 2003. 707-710. Gale World History In Context. Web. 24 Sep. 2012. Evans, Karin. The Lost Daughters of China: Abandoned Girls, Their Journey to America, and the Search for a Missing Past. New York: J.P. Tarcher/Putnam, 2000. "Adoptions." Encyclopedia of Modern China. Ed. David Pong. Vol. 1. Detroit: Charles Scribner's Sons, 2009. 5-8. Gale World History In Context. Web. 7 Oct. 2012. Wemheuer, Felix. "Sites of Horror: Mao's Great Famine." The China Journal 66 (2011): 155+. Gale Student Resources In Context. Web. 20 Oct. 2012. Bogert, Carroll. "Leaving Them to Starve." Newsweek 15 Jan. 1996: 42+. Gale U.S. History In Context. Web. 2 Oct. 2012. Guo, Baogang. "The Missing Girls: Son Preference Reshapes the Population in India and China." History Behind the Headlines: The Origins of Conflicts Worldwide. Ed. Sonia G. Benson, Nancy Matuszak, and Meghan Appel O'Meara. Vol. 4. Detroit: Gale, 2002. 238-247. Gale Student Resources In Context. Web. 30 Sep. 2012. "One-Child Policy in China." Family in Society: Essential Primary Sources. Ed. K. Lee Lerner, Brenda Wilmoth Lerner, and Adrienne Wilmoth Lerner. Detroit: Gale, 2006. 310-315. Gale World History In Context. Web. 24 Sep. 2012. "Only and Lonely; China's Population." The Economist [US] 23 July 2011: 37(US). Gale World History In Context. Web. 24 Sep. 2012. fundraiser/video