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World View

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by

Albert Kho

on 20 April 2010

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Transcript of World View

World View Most people in medieval times had little or no education. Its a small world Aby Question?Medieval Geography Outlaws lived all over Europe, so people rarely went from one town to another, unless they had a large group. Practically all travelers carried some sort of weapon to defend themselves, and only dared to travel by day, as a result, barely anyone had knowledge of anything other than where they lived and possibly small distances which they traveled. Most serfs did not know anything about the world outside of their lord's manor, since they never went anywhere else, so they never knew anything better than their lot in life. Serf's never saw maps, nor did they travel, since travel was dangerous. Serfs Outlaws Medieval Maps T-O Maps Back in Medieval times, people who made maps (also known as map makers), would make maps that are known today as T-O maps. These kinds of maps would place Jerusalem (the holy city of Christianity) at the center of the world since they thought it was the most important one. Interacting with the outside World As most of you know, back in the old days, people didn't have cell phones, the internet, computer or things like that to connect people together. So when people learned about the outside world, it was mostly when people visited relatives and when people go out to war. Knowledge of the outside world Before, people weren't the greatest with maps. Even people that were well-travelled people (people like traders,emperors, etc.) had limited knowledge of the world. THE END. Contacts with Asia Marco Polo The is one section of Marco Polo's book that describes the capital city of Khubilai Khan. "The new-built city received the name of Tai-du. This new city is of form perfectly square, and twenty-four miles in extent. The whole plan of the city was regularly laid out in line, and the streets are consequently straight. In the public streets there are booths and shops of every description. In this manner the whole interior of the city is disposed in squares, so as to resemble a chess board, and planned out with a degree of precision and beauty impossible to describe." text book information Internet information In the year 1255, there were Venetian merchants (Nicolo and Maffeo Polo) who completed a long journey to China, something no other European had yet done. It might of been the experiance or something but Nicolo and Maffeo decided to go again but this time with Nicolo's son Marco. When they got to China again Khubilai Khan (the successor of Chinggis Khan) was very impressed by Marco. Khubilai made Marco a official of the Chinese court. Marco stayed in China for seventeen years, after that he came back to Europe. After comming back to Europe, some historians questioned the accuracy of Marco's accounts of his adventures. But the book still greatly influenced Europeans of the world. This book also increased their knowledge of the world too. But the Silk Road was closed again after his return. Though it seems that the life of Marco Polo was a great one there was also some bad things that happened to him on the way there. During the time when Nicolo and Maffeo first travelled to China, Marco's mother died so he had to stay with his uncle and aunt. During this time he got taught a lot of things, from foreign currency to handling cargo ships, but one thing he didn't learn is latin (but he might have learned a little bit...) When Marco came back from China, he was captured and taken prisoner since Venice was at war with Genoa. Marco started talk to his cell-mate (Rustichello da Pisa) about his adventures. When Marco finally got out of prison, Marco became a wealthy merchant and got married and had three daughters.
In medieval times, another way to learn about distant places was the stories of John Mandeville, while his book is real, there are people who believe John Mandeville is a fictional person. These stories fantastical and obviously fiction, for example, John Mandeville claimed in his book that he drank from the fountain of youth, he told of islands whose inhabitants had the bodies of humans but the heads of dogs, of a tribe whose only source of nourishment was the smell of apples, of a people the size of pygmies whose mouths were so small that they had to suck all their food through reeds, and of a race of one-eyed giants who ate only raw fish and raw meat. All of this fantasy was mixed with other geographical descriptions that were perfectly accurate. Medieval People, however, believed these fantastical stories, a sign that they could be gullible, or simply didn't know any better, or maybe both. Even though Europeans in the Medieval times had horrible mapping skills, most of the western Europeans were still affected by the things that happened in other parts of the world. For example, in the thirteenth century, Chinggis Khan conquered a lot of Asia (which included China). Because of this Europeans were permitted to travel down a ancient trade rout called the "Silk Road". This road led from Europe all the way to China. Bibliography:
Socials Text Book
Wikipedia.org Medieval Gullibility By: Jason and Mason
Any Question?
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