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Labor in Agriculture in Developed Nations
Transcript of Labor in Agriculture in Developed Nations
Alyssa Smith India China
-Small land, lots of products
-Loss of irrigation, desert increase (Gobi)
-Farms to non-farm uses, higher value crops, decline in double-cropping
-Increase to rural education to make more employables
-Smaller grain harvest due to shrink 90 million hectares (1998) to 76 million hectares (2003)
-China feeds 22% with 7% arable land
-Small income to live off
-Tainted food and air What's going to happen:
India Style What's going to happen:
China Style -Cultivated land decreased to .43 hectares - .23 hectare
-Traditional farmers don't except modernization; WHAT MODERNIZATION??
-Fragmented Farms with heavy rents = wasted enery and lots of labor
-Lots of land, less products Dhas, Albert C. "Agricultural Crisis in India: The Root Cause and Consequences." MPRA. Munich Personal RePEc, 2009. Web. 12 Feb. 2013. http://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/18930/.
"Causes for Low Productivity of Indian Agriculture." Causes for Low Productivity of Indian Agriculture. Preserve Articles, 2012. Web. 12 Feb. 2013. <http://www.preservearticles.com/201106228367/causes-for-low-productivity-of-indian-agriculture.html>.
Brown, Lester. "China's Shrinking Grain Harvest." TheGlobalist. TheGlobalisr, 12 Mar. 2004. Web. 12 Feb. 2013. http://www.theglobalist.com/StoryId.aspx?StoryId=3827.
Gale, Fred, Agapi Somwaru, and Xinshen Diao. "Agricultural Labor: Where Are the Jobs?" USDA. USDA, n.d. Web. 12 Feb. 2013. http://www.ers.usda.gov/media/303382/aib775p_1_.pdf.
IRI. "ERFS For Climate Risk Management in India." IRI. International Research Institute for Climate and Society, 2009. Web. 13 Feb. 2013. <http://portal.iri.columbia.edu/portal/server.pt?open=512>.
Mahapatra, Sushanta. "Livelihood Pattern of Agricultural Labour Households in Rural India." Livelihood Pattern of Agricultural Labour Households in Rural India. South Asia Research, Nov. 2012. Web. 13 Feb. 2013. <http://sar.sagepub.com/content/27/1/79>.
Fund, Acumen. "October Â« 2008 Â« Acumen Fund Blog." Acumen Fund Blog. Acumen Fund, 28 Oct. 2008. Web. 13 Feb. 2013. <http://blog.acumenfund.org/2008/10/>
Oldakquill. Sino-Indian Geography. 2004. Photograph. Wikimedia Commons. N.p.: n.p., n.d. N. pag. Web. 13 Feb. 2013.. -10%-15% land in China for Agriculture ; 50% in India
-40% irrigated crop land in China
-23% in India- Average harvest in China = double India's
-40% more rice than India
-China more modern shifts, India non-changing
-China spends more money agriculture research; India doesn't have the money to research Compare and Contrast Land: Info: Land Info -Lots of working, little income. 2nd job?! -Stable food prices, cheap fertilizers, pesticides, seeds
-Expand facilities to sell products, extension of land use and technology
-Money for better technique, research, and teaching methods of farming -Regional & National World's View What's Going to Happen World's View - Regional
-Invest better research and development of fertilizers
-Reduce the use of harmful fertilizers
-Modernize farms What's Going to Happen - Modern machinery, industrial farms
-Wants to modernize
-Less dependent on hand work Africa -No double-cropping; no consistancy Asia Australia South America North