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The march on Washington
Transcript of The march on Washington
Historical context of the March on Washington
American civil war: No more slavery
Political and economic repression (discrimination)
Legal discriminatory system: Jim Crow laws
''Separated but equal"
Organization of the March on Washington
- Civil rights + religious groups.
-A. Philip Randolph + Bayard Rustin December 1962
-First, was rejected by Robert kennedy fearing more violence.
-Damage international picture
-Purpose of the march
Goals of the March on Washington
The cause of the March on Washington
Signification of the March on Washington
I have a dream by Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.
I have a dream that one day every valley shall be exalted, and every hill and mountain shall be made low, the rough places will be made plain, and the crooked places will be made straight; "and the glory of the Lord shall be revealed and all flesh shall see it together.
I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed: "We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal."
I have a dream that one day on the red hills of Georgia, the sons of former slaves and the sons of former slave owners will be able to sit down together at the table of brotherhood.
I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character.
I have a dream today!
Consequences of the March on Washington
The March on Washington
Civil Rights Legislation
Withholding of federal funds from all programs in which discrimination exists
No more segregation in schools
Enforcement of the 14th Amendement
A new Executive Order
Authority for the Attorney General
A program to train all the unemployed
$2 an hour minimum wage
A Fair Labor Standards Act
A Fair Employement Practices Act
Leaders of the March on Washington
A. Philip Randolph
Martin Luther King Jr.
-youngest leader in the Big Six
-president of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC)
-One of the 13 original Freedom Riders
-Civil Rights activist in the US
-executive director of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)
-founded the Leadership Conference of Civil Rights (LCCR)
-The March on Washington (1963)
-The Selma to Montgomery marches (1965)
-March Against Fear (1966)
-Died on September 8, 1981
-Whitney Moore Young Jr.
-End employment discrimination in the south
-The National Urban League fought aggressively for justice
-President of the National Association of Social Workers (NASW)
-Died on March 11, 1971
- Head of the march
- organized the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters
-first labor organization by black people to receive a charter in the American Federation of Labor
-inspired Freedom Budget
-Died May 16, 1979
-Most famous leader of the Civil Rights Movement
-Chairman of the southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC)
- Won the Nobel Peace Prize and Presidential Medal of Freedom
-assassination in 1968
-Originally planned by A.Philip Randolph and Bayard Rustin
- initial plan: two day protest for economic rights
-June 1963, Randolph joined forces with 5 other leaders
- "The Big Six"
-Council for United Civil Rights Leadership
-Bayard Rustin was chief organizer of the march
-In 1942, founded the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE)
-Goal: Achieving racial harmony and equality through nonviolence
-Presidential Medal of Freedom (1998)
-Died of diabetes in 1999
- 3 weeks later, KKK bombed the 16th street Baptist Church
-15 injured and 4 deaths
-Contributed in JFK's assassination (support of the march)
-Martin Luther King 's assassination in 1968
-Civil Rights Act 1964
-Voting Rights Act 1965
-Equal Employment Opportunities Act 1972
-Success : Powerful yet peaceful Beyond anybody's expectations
-high tide of the Civil Rights Movement
-Fight for their rights
-Radical, militant and race-conscious approaches
-250 000 = massive sensibilisation + rapid expansion
- Both ethnicity = peaceful cohabitation
-High tide, top of the mountain
-100th anniversary of emancipation proclamation
The misperceived March
"It would be impossible to bring more than 100 000 militant Negroes into Washington without incident and possibly rioting."
A. Philip Randolph: Opening speech
Camilla Williams, Mahalia Jackon, The Eva Jessye
Archbishop Patrick O'Boyle gave his invocation
Dr. Martin Luther King Junior: the famous I have a dream
Nearly 250 000 people marched
60 000 of them were white