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Prejudice, Discrimination and Stereotyping
Transcript of Prejudice, Discrimination and Stereotyping
By: Amanda, Angelina, Brianna, Becky, Laurie and Rachel What really is Prejudice, Discrimination and Stereotyping? Prejudice: an opinion or judgement based on irrelevant considerations or inadequate knowledge, either favorable or unfavorable.
Discrimination: an action or behavior that stems from prejudice.
Stereotyping: Judgements made on the basis of exaggerated or distorted characteristics about groups of applied to an individual associated with that group. Prejudice against new Canadians If you look at pg. 330 there is an article about how a person came to Canada with his/her family and felt discriminated against. Causes of Prejudice Stereotypes and Discrimination; The Effects of Prejudice Stages of Prejudice Causes of Prejudice Genocide Ethnic Prejudice Conclusion... Sources Many new comers can be exposed to immediate scorn, humiliation, and treatment that they deem unacceptable. Sometime when people enter a country they are not fully aware of the rules regarding a lot of things. This article tells the story of how a family got off of the bus and tried to get back on using the same transfer. "... We did not know that once we got off the bus we stopped at the mall, bought some groceries and boarded the next bus. The bus driver took one look at our transfers and informed us that they were not valid. He looked at the bags we were holding and declared, 'you can't get off someplace, buy groceries and think you can use the same old transfer again.'" The father had been under the impression of there being a flexible time limit on transfers, the father then politely asked about the possibility. The bus driver then made a remark to a passenger behind him saying, "It's like talking to a brick wall." The passenger whom the driver had spoken to then gave the new comers a sympathetic smile. Since the incident this citizen had heard many other Canadians ask the same bus driver many silly questions and they never received the same "hostility". The way the author sees it, is that what sets them apart is there accents. Accents play a very large role in discrimination. 1993, Civil war between Serbia and Croatia "I'm talking to the Serbian soldiers... I'm trying to figure out why neighbours should start killing each other. So I say I can't tell Serbs and Croats apart. 'What makes you think you're so different.' The man I'm talking to takes a cigarette pack out of his khaki jacket. 'See this? These are Serbian cigarettes. Over there they smoke Croatian cigarettes.' 'But they're both cigarettes right?' 'You foreigners don't understand anything.'... he tosses the weapon on the bunk between us and says 'Look, here's how it is, those Croats think they're better than us. Think they're fancy Europeans and everything. I'll tell you something. We're all just Balkan S***.'" (Page 340-341) A Croat organization called the "Ustache" had committed atrocities against Serbs in WWII. This is still remembered by Serbs today. The ustache was an organization similar to the "Gestapo" of Hitler's Nazis Sigmund Freud stated that "it is precisely the minor differences in people who are otherwise alike that form the basis of strangeness and hostility between them." Serbian soldiers Croatian soldiers 1. Verbal rejection:
- "speaking against"
- Expressing negative feelings for others by speaking against them.
-Includes cliche expressions and ethnic jokes.
IF... and individual verbalizes or hears enough of this talking, prejudice can intensify.... 2. Avoidance:
-avoiding the presence or company of the disliked group.
-individual shuns contact with group even if it is occasionally inconvenient. 3. Discrimination
-hurtful actions against disliked persons that deny their equality and human rights.
-Includes exclusion from jobs, neighborhoods, church, etc.
Result= dehumanizes, harms, and denies basic human rights. 4. Semi-violence or violence:
- vandalism of property, painting racist slogans on walls, rape, gay bashing, racial violence,etc.
Result= Dehumanizes and actively harms persons and property. 5. Extermination:
-government allows it to happen
-elimination of the undesirable individual or group
-includes assassination, lynching, massacre, terrorism, bombing, etc.
Result= Dehumanization, death, genocide. Prejudice does NOT always lead to discrimination or gets that bad. The actual cases that lead to serious and deathly consequences are for a minority. A person can be prejudiced, but keep his/her prejudices to him/herself and not act on them by discrimination against a minority. Stereotypes – over generalizations about groups of people that are applied to every individual who is part of the group regardless of actual variations among the members. Stereotypes tend to support prejudices. Discrimination is an action or behavior – basically bullying for reasons related to prejudice. The Effects of Prejudice: 1) Loss of self-esteem (if occurs at an early age, may be hard to recover)
-US schools were segregated until the 1960’s
2) Possible drop in achievement level
-American experiment with fourth-graders. Divided into two groups, of `bosses` and `helpers`, the `bosses` outperformed the `helpers` in every group and circumstance.
-Performance is affected by label. Stereotypes we hold are difficult to change because our attitude has the power to cause the very type of behavior we associate with the stereotype. Prejudice Hurts Everyone: Story of slave Fredrick Douglass (Page 327)
Prejudicial attitudes are more subtle now than in previous times. 'Blatant prejudice is wrong, but subtle isn't as obvious so it's okay'.
Ex. Homeless people, smokers, students with IEPs
In the past, women were denied within society, and they were unable to offer the help that they have the ability to today.
Everyone is impacted from prejudice, so think before you act/speak.
Everyone has something to share. Socialization: Children can pick up an attitude of prejudice by their parents
-eg. if a parent shows discrimination towards a certain group, the child might also show a discrimination towards that group. In and out groups: - in and out groups are seen through sports.... cheering for a certain team, and booing for the other team.
-BAD in and out groups are shown through stereotyping, for example.... say and elderly person only is around elderly people, they might have a stereotype about THEIR 'in group', and say that all young people are loud, rude and rowdy. Conformity: Definition: the development of prejudices against others due to the desire to conform to people's thoughts and beliefs to 'fit in'. - often times, when a gender or racist joke is told, the majority of the group thinks it is funny, and laughs along, but there is usually one person who does not think that the joke is funny, but go along with it in order to feel accepted as a part of the group. Scapegoating Definition: When a person has so much anger inside, due to a co-worker or a teacher, instead of going to a higher power like a boss or principle, they lash out on a minority, the minority is called a 'scapegoat'. -Type of bullying
-weaker person or minority gets hurt
-other ways to overcome problem? -everyone wants to fit in someplace, people shouldn't feel the need to conform, people should just accept them for who they are... -people should open their mind to the different ways of people and accept them... -parents should set a better example for their children so this type of prejudice could be eliminated... Feelings of Inferiority:
-low self esteem replacement
-instead of changing the things they don't like about their self, they boost their self esteem by making people feel bad about their self. -example....
- If people are accepted for who they are, there would be no need for them to have feelings of inferiority, as a result be less bullying... Authoritative Personality -people who are rigid in their beliefs
-people who do not stand for weakness in their selves or other people
-people who highly respect authority
-people who are very suspicious about everything DOES THIS SOUND FAMILIAR???
-genocide from 1943-45
-murdering over 6 million Jews
THESE PEOPLE WERE MOST LIKELY...
-raised very harshly
-given heavy punishments, including physical and verbal abuse
-parents showed little love
AS A RESULT...
-these people were mad and the world, and took out their anger on a minority, in this case, Jews. Triology text book In conclusion, prejudice is never a nice thing to do, it can cause a lot of problems and hurt a lot of people. Between the summer of 1941 and World War II 2.5 million people were killed in Auschwitz. Hitler was able to persuade Germany that the Jews were bad for Germany and should be eliminated. He convinced Germany that his Aryans were the supreme race, because they were pure. He convinced Germany into committing a mass genocide. Hitler believed this and nothing could change his mind. The most famous Concentration camp was Auschwitz. It was the largest out of all of the camps. There were massive gas chambers the nozzles that the gas came out of were disguised to look like shower heads so that the Jewish people thought that they were getting into a large shower chamber, and not a gas chamber. The gas chambers were working 24 hours a day. The ovens and the gas chambers combined killed as many as 10 000 people a day. The SS army was trained to think what they were doing was right. They obeyed their orders, they couldn't think otherwise, genocide and death was everywhere newspapers. There wasn't a place to look where there wasn't something saying the Jews are bad. There was no “Doing this to the Jewish people is wrong.” you would get killed for that kind of behavior. SS men were not supposed to question what they were doing, they were supposed to just do what they were told. Rudolf Hoess was commanded to carry out Hitler’s plan “the final solution to the Jewish problem.” he did as he was told. He obeyed Heinrich Himmler’s orders, who was a top Nazi in charge of the extermination.