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The Ainu people of Japan

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Belinda Niko

on 7 December 2012

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Transcript of The Ainu people of Japan

History 1899
Hokkaido Aborigine Protection Act Political Mobilization and Activisim
Most Ainu people feel that their culture is threatened to become extinct
Lack of proper education and stable jobs
"Identity Remorse"
The current population of the Ainu people remains unknown
Very little information about them is known by the public Ainu = human
opposite of gods (kamuy) Hokkaido Ainu convention
Hokkaido Utari Association
1984 Proposed New Ainu Law Political Organization
1997 Ainu culture Law and negotiations between Ainu representatives and the government
History of mistreatment and exploitation
United Nations, ILO Convention and Ainu Association of Hokkaido
Pressure from the outside
No direct contact between Ainu people and the Japanese government a.k.a The Broken Triangle THE END Many Kamuy
natural forces Theoretical Origins
300 B.C.E.
Hokkaido experienced periods of earthenware cultures Zoku-Jomon
Satsumon culture may have developed into the Ainu through Okhotsk influence.
1400-1700 1457
Battle of Kosyamain
to resist oppression by the Japanese 1669
Battle of Syaksyain 1789
Battle of Kunasiri-Mensai
lost every battle
Fell completely under Japanese control after Kunasiri Oppression by the Japanese until the Meji era
forced assimilation Activities to preserve Ainu culture
dances and ceremonies
language classes in Hokkaido
Associations to preserve traditional dances Sapporo District Court
case for recognition of rights
came from development projects under second national development plan
2 dams in Saru river, South Hokkaido
2 men refused to leave Nibutani Village
Hokkaido Development Bureau
after forced vacancy, a lawsuit was filed Legal roots of case found in Article 13 of Japans constitution which protected the rights of individuals International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights March 27 1997
Official decision May 8 1997
repealed Ainu Protection Law
passed Ainu Culture Law 2007
Sarugawa river designated Important cultural landscape 2008
restoration of assets held by Japanese government was dismissed Current Political Issues
Transition process
Formation of panel of Ainu affairs
2010 summit at the Ainu Association in Hokkaido
Publication of Ainu reports
Full transcript