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Shi Tang

on 22 January 2013

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Transcript of Geopolitic

China Taiwan Why is Taiwan a geopolitical issue for China ? Geography Capital: Taipei

Area: 36193km²

Composed by : Island of Taiwan (>99%) and minor islands.

Neighboring states: PRC, Japan, Philippine.

180 kilometers off the southeastern coast of mainland China. (Taiwan Strait)

Strategical position: East China sea, South China sea, Philippine sea. Demography Population: about 23million (2012)

Population density: 642/km² (16th/239)

Official language: Chinese mandarin. Several recognized regional languages.

Population composition:

National identity:

Age structure: Economy GDP: $466.8 billion, 20th.

GDP growth: 4.0%

GDP/capita: $18,300, 37th.

GDP by sector: services (tertiary) (69.2%); industry (secondary) (29.2%); agriculture (primary) (1.6%)

Inflation: 1.4%

Revenue: $78.25 billion

Currency: New Taiwan dollar (NT$), 1 USD = 29.57 TWD

Export-orientated economy.

Main export partners: China 28.1%, Hong Kong 13.8%, US 11.5%.

Main import partners: Japan 20.7%, China 14.2%, US 10.0%.

98% of the energy is imported. History 17th century, colonized by the Dutch.

A settlement built by the Spanish, driven out by the Dutch in 1642.

In 1662, Zheng Cheng-gong, a loyalist of the Ming Dynasty, defeated the Dutch and established a base of operations on the island.

1683, defeated by the Qing Dynasty.

1895-1945 , ruled by Japan.

1945, the Republic of China (ROC), led by the Kuomintang (KMT), became the governing polity on Taiwan.

1949, after losing control of mainland China following the Chinese civil war, the ROC government under the KMT withdrew to Taiwan and Chiang Kai-shek declared martial law.

Japan formally renounced all territorial rights to Taiwan in 1952 in the San Francisco Peace Treaty. Politics A framework of a semi-presidential representative democratic republic.

The President is head of state and the Premier is head of government, and of a dominant party system.

Centralization government.

2 camps
Pan-Blue Coalition: the pro-unification KMT, People First Party (PFP), and New Party.
Pan-Green Coalition: the pro-independence Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) and strongly pro-independence Taiwan Solidarity Union (TSU).

Ma Ying-jeou of the KMT was elected president in 2008, and subsequently re-elected in 2012.

15/12/2008: direct flight, direct postal exchange. Military Commander-in-Chief: President Ma Ying-jeou

Active personnel: 290,000 (ranked 16th)

Budget: $10.5 billion (ranked 20th)

Percentage of GDP: 2.5%

Compulsory military service for males aged 19–40 years of age with a service obligation of 12 months in 2008.

Foreign cooperation: USA
- Collaboration since World War 2, supplied the ROC during Chinese Civil War.
-1954, a formal alliance that lasted until US recognition of the PRC in 1979.
-The US continued to supply the ROC with arms sales.
-The US remains protecting Taiwan from PRC attack, though not if Taiwan were to declare formal independence first. Society Culture: a blend of Confucianism Han Chinese, Japanese, European, American, global, local, and Taiwanese aborigines cultures.

Religion: Half the population are followers of one or a mixture of 25 recognized religions. Around 93% of the religious population are followers of a mixture of Buddhism, Taoism, and Confucianism, 4.5% are followers of Christianity.

Media: Taiwan's freedom of press is guaranteed by the Constitution and its worldwide press freedom index ranks at 32 among 169 nations, as of 2007. Geopolitics Shi TANG EGC 3 Inter Taiwan has been Chinese territory for centuries.

Same language, same ancestor.

Defend the Han China (One China Policy), need unification. According the "United Nations Convention Law of the Sea" (UNCLOS), Island of Taiwan and its 86 minor islands can bring 450 square nautical miles of territorial sea.

Important area for economic development. Strategical position:

Close to South China (180km).

Important ports.

The central point between East China sea, South China sea, Philippine sea.

Direct access to Pacific ocean. Historical reasons Territorial & Economical reasons Geopolitical reasons Why is Taiwan a geopolitical issue for Thanks for your attention! Questions?
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