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Transcript of Complex Coconuts
Igbo and Yoruba Proverb Guam, an organized unincorporated territory of the U.S.A. located in Micronesia.
Total Population: 182,111 (World Bank, 2011)
Deaf Adults: approx. 50
Deaf Youth: approx. 25
Size: 209 sq miles (38 miles long, 16 to 4 miles wide)
English, Chamorro, &
ASL The Deaf Community A intergenerational, linguistic, and culturally"Deaf" platform. Pacific Islands children are conceptualized as “human investments” and community projects in which cultural mores, social-genetic heritage, and religious values can be passed on through language shared in community (Finau, 1992).
Access to language has a major impact on Deaf youths' cognitive, emotional, linguistic, relational and spiritual development (Schick, De Villiers, De Villiers, & Hoffmeister, 2002, December 03). References Coconut Background Image Source: http://www.sunwarrior.com/news/wp-content/uploads/2012/09/coconuts-1-rolfa-sxc.jpg
African Proverbs Sayings and Stories. (1998). http://www.afriprov.org/index.php/african-proverb-of-the-month/23-1998proverbs/137-november-1998-proverb.htmlCIA World Factbook. (2012). Retrieved September 10, 2012 from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/gq.Deaf Child Worldwide. (2008). Samoa early intervention programme: explained. Retrieved from http://www.deafchildworldwide.info/learning_from_experience/project_case_studies/samoa_eip_explaine_1.htmlDeafhood Foundation. (n.d.). http://www.deafhoodfoundation.org/Deafhood/Deafhood.htmlEarly Hearing Detection & Intervention. (2002). Retrieved October 6, 2012 from http://www.guamehdi.org/who-we-are.htmlEconomy Watch. (2010, June 30). Economy Watch. Guam Economy. Retrieved October 4, 2012 from http://www.economywatch.com/world_economy/guam/Finau, S. A. (1992). The value of Pacific children: perspectives for a way forward [Article]. Pacific Health Dialog, 1(2), 52-63. Retrieved from http://www.pacifichealthdialog.org.fj/Volume%201/PacificChildHealth/Viewpoints%20and%20Perspectives/The%20value%20of%20Pacific%20children%20perspectives%20for%20a%20way%20forward.pdfGEDA: Guam Economic Development Authority. (2012). Retrieved October 4, 2012 from http://www.investguam.com/?pg=finance_and_economics&cpath=/sub_busres_1/sub_busenv_2/mi17Government of Guam. (2012). GUAM.GOV. History and culture. Retrieved October 4, 2012 http://www.guam.gov/index.php?pg=guam_history_cultureGuam visitor’s bureau. (2011). Visit Guam. Geography. Retrieved September 10, 2012 from http://www.visitguam.org/Runtime/Geography.aspxKarolle, Bruce. (2012, July 29). Guampedia. Geography of Guam. Retrieved September 10, 2012 from http://guampedia.com/geography-of-guam/ Maila Halom. (2012). Pacific Daily News. Guam’s history at a glance. Retrieved October 3, 2012 from http://www.guampdn.com/guampublishing/special-sections/maila12/p1.htmlPersonal Communication. (2012). Interviews: Skype, email, in person. PBCP: Pacific business center program. (2008). University of Hawaii. Guam economic environment. Retrieved September 10, 2012 from http://pbcphawaii.com/guam.asp Schick, B., De Villiers, J., De Villiers, P., & Hoffmeister, B. (2002, December 03). Theory of mind: Language and cognition in deaf children. Retrieved from http://www.asha.org/Publications/leader/2002/021203/f021203.htmStacey, K. (2004). Panyappi Indigenous Youth Mentoring Program : external evaluation report. http://dx.doi.org/ISBN 0 7308 9340 5State master. (2012). Statemaster.com. Guam Health statistics. Retrieved October 3, 2012 from http://www.statemaster.com/state/GU-guam/hea-healthTrading economies. (2012). Trading economies. Guam Population. Retrieved October 3, 2012 from http://www.tradingeconomics.com/guam/population-total-wb-data.htmlWorld Bank. (2012). Projects and operations: Vietnam intergenerational deaf education outreach project. Retrieved November 4, 2012, from http://www.worldbank.org/projects/P125581/vietnam-intergenerational-deaf-education-outreach-project?lang=enWorld Bank. (2012). Retrieved October 6, 2012 from http://www.worldbank.org/en/country/pacificislands/overview "Young Coconut" Deaf Youth Guam Association of the Deaf (Deaf Adults) The Early Hearing and Detection and Intervention
(EHDI hearing parents of deaf youth) Division of Special Education Teachers Lack of training in Deaf Ed.
Employed communication method School Aids Compensation
Lack of training (Interpreters) One former deaf resident stated,
“… parents have no interest in learning deaf children’s language, thus ignore their deaf child and focus their attention on their hearing children” (personal communication, 2012).
One school aid mentioned, “We used to provide sign language classes for free [at the elementary school], but we stopped because the parents were not attending due work or transportation (personal communication, 2012).” EHDI
Screens infants for hearing loss
Provide emotional support and resources to parents of deaf youth through the CEDDERS grant. Advocacy organization
Disconnected from stakeholders
Dysfunctional operational management
Functions like a social club for deaf adults Similar Projects Through Guam's contextual lens, the intervention must ensure that:
The community has ownership of project and partners in the intervention.
The Deaf-centric and family-centric values are a key component of the project's theory and practice.
A separate group works with the stakeholders to facilitate intentional investments in deaf youth. Månha Project Where:
An intergenerational, linguistic, and Deaf cultural immersion family-centric summer camp.
??? Methods Personal Observations over the past 7 years
Personal Contacts: Interviews with people from each identified group. (i.e. VP meetings, emails, in person communication)
Research: Collection of empirical web based sources. Youth are not being exposed to language-cultural models,
Parents are not fluent in sign language, and
The Department of Education Special Education unit is not conducive for language acquisition. Project Conceptualization Panyappi Loto Taumafai Society Where?
Indigenous Youth Mentoring Program
A positive correlation between human investments and the youth’s success in there ability to engage in community, academic achievement, and reduction of at risk behavior (Stacey, 2004). IDEO Project Where?
Intergenerational Deaf Education Outreach Project
Yet to be implemented
Deviation from original project design (sign language centric). Where?
Early Intervention Program
Change in parent's perception of deafness and their child's capabilities
Families are exposed to sign language Youth Activities Community Activities Månha Project Workshops Duration:
1 month long during the summer over a period of 5 years.
Monday- Friday 9am - 4pm
Saturday 10am to 2pm Executive Director Linguist Participants Activity Facilitators Activities Coordinator Project
Structure When: Mon-Friday 9 -4 and Saturday 10 - 12
What: Activities that invest in the linguistic development of youth through fun youth centric activities. (to address the health and welling of youth) When: Saturdays 10am to 12:00 pm.
What: Parents, EHDI, and Deaf Ed people will participate in workshops that focused on deaf youth language acquisition, Deaf culture, education and technology, resources, and future opportunities for their child. When: Saturdays from 12 to 1pm (fiesta), then 1-2pm (community activities)
Fiesta: Månha Project provides a lunch and time for the community to socialize with each other.
Community activities: Activities coordinator leads the participants in games that will build relationships and strengthen communication.