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African Pastrolism

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by

Aryan Srivastava

on 11 December 2012

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Transcript of African Pastrolism

Age Sets and Grades Pastoralism is the branch of agriculture concerned with the raising of livestock. It is animal husbandry: the care, tending and use of animals such as camels, goats, cattle, yaks, llamas, and sheep. About Pastoralism Masai : Social Organization Live in extended family households.
There is a strong patriarchy 0f the households.
Chiefs dominate the Masai , uneven wealth distribution. At age 12 boys become moran or warriors.
At 25 they come Junior Elders : Eligible for marriage , form households and obtain cattle.
Later in Life , they come Senior Elders , with great governing and judicial responsibilities. The Pastoralism In Africa In Africa Here half of the world's pastoral population lives . They include communities like Bedouins , Berbers , Maasai , Somali , Boran and Turkana . They raise cattle , camels , goats , sheep etc , also sell milk , meat , animal skin and wool . Masai : Subsistence Base These are mostly cattle herders.
They live in moist environment but droughts do occur.
Cattle exploited for milk , blood , hides , horns , and meat on occasions.
Masai Gender Relations Masai women do not own any Cattle.
Their Property is limited to milking gourds and personal items.
If they do not bear sons , their life will be one of the enduring poverty. Turkana They live in mostly Arid regions.
Herd a variety of animals : cattle , camels , goats , sheep and donkeys.
Herds adopted as per the climatic conditions. Turkana : Social Organization Organized in extended families.
Also have extensive social networks :
Through Kinship.
Through close relatives.
Through friendship via exchanges. They do not perceive themselves as a tribe beyond the households.
No Age set or Age grade.
They are individualistic , forming large temporary groups as necessity dicates. Tukana : Basic Cultural Pattern They face changing environmental conditions.
Have Herd separation : Camels in dry areas and Cattle to better watered areas.
Their Kin and Friendship relations provide social flexibility. African Pastoralism : Conclusion Largely tribal , though incipient chiefdom is evident among Masai.
All rely on cattle , though other animals are present.
Women are second class citizens.
Women always pray for sons. Bareness is a serious problem. Thank You
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