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The 5 Themes of Geography

Introduces the 5 Themes with definitions, descriptions, and examples.

Jason Cognac

on 9 September 2012

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Transcript of The 5 Themes of Geography

The 5 Themes of Geography photo credit Nasa / Goddard Space Flight Center / Reto Stöckli Geographers use the 5 Themes of Geography to organize their work.

The themes can be applied to nearly everything in the world. A Way to Look at the World The 5 Themes of Geography are: - Location
- Place
- Human-Environment
Interaction The 5 Themes of Geography are:

- Location
- Place
- Human-Environment Interaction
- Movement
- Region An easy way to remember the 5 Themes is to remember MR HELP!!!!! M ovement
R egion

H uman-
E nvironment Interaction
L ocation
P lace Let's look at each
one in detail, shall we? Location Location describes where a place or something is. Every place has an
exact location. Every place has a relative location. Relative location is its location in relation to other places. Can you give the relative location of Canada's newest province, Nunavut? Use other provinces to do so. Place Place describes the features that make a place unique. These features include:

- The human geography of the location.

- The physical geography of the location.

- Historical events (U.S. Civil War = Place for U.S.)

- any details about the location that are truly unique. The Sahara Desert describes the Place of northern Africa The Taj Mahal describes the Place of India. Cacti are found in the southwestern area of the U.S. What are some characteristics and unique features of Australia that would be examples of Place? Human-Environment Interaction Human-Environment Interaction refers to when humans in various parts of the world interact with the environment in which they live, using the environment for a number of different reasons.

- Environments include: land, water, climate, plants, animals.

- Some examples of Interaction include: farming, building
cities, damming rivers, fishing, swimming, and other
recreational activities. People also change the environment in which they live, making it more suitable for their wants and needs. This is another way in which humans interact with their environment. A location's environment may influence how people live.

If humans are not able to alter their environment to fit their needs, then they must adapt to the environment. When the climate is freezing cold, people wear warm clothes.

When the environment only consists of snow and ice, you work with what you have. What is this place's environment like?

How do people in this great U.S. state interact with their environment?

How does the environment influence the way people live here? Movement This theme focuses on and explains how and why people, things, and ideas move from one place to another. The world is always changing, and places are affected by the movement of people, goods, ideas, and physical forces. The U.S. population is a perfect example of Movement!

People from various parts of the world have immigrated (moved) to the U.S. for a variety of reasons. American Baseball is a sport that is now played in places all over the world, including China. Ideas can move too! The idea of democracy has spread throughout the world. Regions The theme Regions is applied when you break the world up into smaller areas or sections based on common characteristics. This often makes it easier to study and compare. How is the world broken up into different parts? - Regions can be created
by physical geography: the land,
climate, natural resources, and
bodies of water.

- Regions can be created by
human geography, such
as culture- language,
ethnic groups, and
religion. Africa is often broken up into 2 regions in order to be studied, based on physical geography.

- Saharan Africa is the
region in the north, where
the Sahara Desert
dominates the surface.

- Sub-Saharan Africa is the
region south of Sahara. Quebec, Canada is not only a province
(a large state).

It is a region based on human geography.

Quebec is a culture region, due to the strong French culture that is present in the area. Many people in this part of Canada speak French as their main language Onalaska is within regions that are based on physical geography.

Can you think of any physical features in this area that form regions? Use what you have learned from this presentation in order to decide what Theme of Geography each of the following statements are examples of.

(click arrow to go to statements) 1. Coffee is shipped from Brazil to the U.S. in order to be consumed.
2. Egypt is unique because it has the Great Pyramids.
3. Mexico is located south of the U.S.'s southwestern border.
4. The factory uses the current of the river to generate power.
5. The islands in the tropics area between North and South America all
experience warm/hot temperatures throughout the year.
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