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The Relationship Between the Latin and English Language

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lemon pie

on 18 September 2014

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Transcript of The Relationship Between the Latin and English Language

The Relationship Between Latin and English.
The when's, how's, and who's of the creation of the English language.
The English Language
The English language is the second most spoken language in the world (Mandarin being the most). It is spoken across over 40 countries and around 480 million people speak it.
How Did Latin Cause the English Language to Become What it is Now?
Have you ever wondered why England and English are spelled so alike? The English language started there when England was called 'Britannia'. In the Pax Romana, Britannia was controlled by the Romans.
And what did the Romans speak?
LATIN!!!!!
Latin became Britannia's language, and it stayed so until the Pax Romana ended.
I will not give any spoilers on how it ended.
Anyway....
It ended, and all the Roman people went off to fix the problems in the Roman Capitol. Meanwhile Britannia started to form its own civilization. They were prospering until they were invaded several times by the Angles, Saxons, and the Jutes. The Britons were unable to drive them off and they were scattered across France, Scotland, and Wales. Their language at the time (Celtic) faded away for a while.
The Anglo Saxons
The Anglo Saxons then occupied Britannia. They spoke
Old English
!
Proof!
Proof that Latin's impact on English thrives today!
Roots
Prefixes
Suffixes
-Belli, Latin and
English root.
-Dorm, Latin and
English root.
-Inter, Latin and
English root.
-Ject, Latin and
English root.
Bibliography
yay!
By Liam McBride
Old English
Old English is a language that has the same alphabet as Latin. The Anglo Saxons spoke it and it is very similar to English and it can relate to Latin (one of the only things that Old English shares with Latin is the alphabet.)
The Danes
The Danes, or Vikings, led a major invasion that crushed the Anglo Saxons (do not pick a culture in Britannia as your favorite, they have a good chance of getting kicked out!) to the ground. The expert sailors destroyed them until only the Western Saxons were around, they later went down under Alfred's rule.
Old Norse vs. Old English
Later both cultures, Danish- who spoke the language Old Norse- and Anglo Saxon lived in harmony in Danish controlled areas. The language they spoke was very similar, where words and grammar were alike. Since the Anglo Saxons and the Danish had many word endings (like Latin) that were different from the opposing language, they had a hard time understanding each other and soon just started dropping the endings. This impacted Old English.
Duke William
Duke William of Normandy, speaker of Old French, seeked the throne of England (finally, we can call it England) that was promised to him. When denied of it he rallied up troops to fight the new ruler (Harold Godwineson).
And the harsh
William the Conqueror
won!
Old English writing stopped, and some Old French words butted in.
Old French.....
I wonder what that language is related to? Oh right,
LATIN!!!
The contributers to English so far...
Latin
Old English
Old Norse
Old French
And much more!!
Ex- Latin and
English.
De- Latin and
English.
Re- Latin and
English.
There are not many suffixes that are both Latin and English.
CRUEL
Britannia
William the Conqueror
Works Cited
Fetzer, Scott, and Millennium. Word Book Dictionary A-K. Vol. 1. N.p.: n.p., n.d. Print.
Grimes, Barbara F. "50 Most Widely Spoken Languages." Photius.com. N.p., 1996. Web. 13 Dec. 2013.Edited in 2005
Klausner, Janet. Talk about English: How Words Travel and Change. New York: Crowell, 1990. Print.
COOL!
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