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Top 10 Peace Movements Throughout the World

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Carolyn Aufderheide

on 6 June 2014

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Transcript of Top 10 Peace Movements Throughout the World

Top 10 Peaceful Leaders Throughout the World
6.Dorothy Day

She was born in Brooklyn, NY into a middle class family. Dorothy was a journalists and social activists. She worked with Peter Maurin to establish the Catholic Worker Movement. This movement was made to enhance the poor and homeless families lives in a direct nonviolent manner. The Catholic Church refers to her as the 'Servant of God." She was arrested for picketing at the White House in 1917 for Women's Suffrage. She was in jail for 15 days while on a hunger strike for 10 of them. She continued protesting throughout her entire life. She was last arrested at age 75 in 1973 picketing in support of marginalized farm-workers.
9. Lech Walesa 1943-Present
Lech Walesa wanted to spread peace and equality. He was a labor activist who helped fomr Poland's first trade union. Walesa was fired from working as an engineer at a ship yard; and had to pick up odd jobs. This led to his interest with working with other activists and Walesa led the Gdansk shipyard strike. Walesa led 10 million Polish workers and farmers called the Inter- factory Strike Committee. Walesa was watched carefully by his government and was detained frequently. Lech won a Nobel Peace Prize in 1983 and the European award for Human Rights. He later became the president of Poland throughout 1990-1995.
2. Nelson Mandela
Nelson Mandela was involved in the liberty of his people and wanted equality throughout his country. Mandela was a member of the African National Congress Party. He helped bring an end to apartheid and began a global advocate for human rights. He lead peaceful protest and armed resistance against the white minority's oppressive regime( because South Africa was racially divided.) This caused him to be put into prison for about 3 decades. He was released in 1990, and participated in the eradication of apartheid. He was elected in 1994 to be the first black president of South Africa. He also formed a multi-ethnic government and remained a devoted champion for peace and social justice.
1. Mahatma Gandhi

4.Siddhartha Gautama (Buddha)
Buddha was a peaceful man who led his followers to nirvana. He was born into a royal family and was given anything he dreamed of. He was not satisfied though, so he went out to find more fufillment inl his life and during this time he starved himself. His whole life changed and through meditation and prayer he understood his life spiritually. He reached nirvana and was considered "The Enlightened One." He traveled all around the world spreading his teachings. After Buddha's death his followers still continued Buddhism which is still a religion today.

3. Martin Luther King
MLK played an important role in American civil rights from the mid 1950's until his death in 1968. He dreamed of equality for African Americans, the economically disadvantaged, and other victims of injustice through peaceful protest. He was also awarded a peace prize in 1964. He spoke out against discrimination peacefully and organized many boycotts (Montgomery Bus Boycott & The March on Washington) but did not live to see his dreams come true.
5. Mother Teresa
Mother Teresa was a catholic nun. She joined a group of nuns at age 18 in Ireland. She was devoted to helping the poor in anyway possible. She spent many years in India, this is where she founded the Missionaries of Charity. This charity was founded to help people in poverty. She had homes for the sick who needed healing but did not seek to convert them to Catholicism. The Missionary of Charity now was spread all over the world, the organization changed it's name to International Religious Family. She was awarded a Nobel Peace Prize in 1979. The award was "for work undertaken in the struggle to overcome poverty and distress, which also constitutes a threat to peace." Sha also donated $192,000 to the poor.
7.Malala Yousafzai
1997- Present
Malala Yousafzai was a schoolgirl in Pakistani. The Taliban wanted her dead because she spoke out against the strict laws and ideas of a patriarch society. She also wanted an education and thought it was wrong women could not go to school. The Taliban attempted to assassinate her but she survived. She now is an and advocate for women's educational rights and human rights.. She has also won many peace awards including being the youngest person to receive a Nobel Peace Prize.
"To deny people their human rights is to challenge their very humanity." - Mandela
I ranked Nelson Mandela as my number two peace movement leader because he helped South Africa tremendously. He was very well educated and received a Noble Peace Prize in 1993. I think he was very dedicated to his beliefs and wanted equality in South Africa. Also, I ranked him two one because he spent so much time in prison but did not stop advocating for his beliefs. He was very dedicated to making South Africa a better place.
Gandhi is also know as "The Great Souled One." Gandhi was an Indian immigrant and was the leading figure of India, trying to gain independence from Great Britain. He believed in Hinduism,and like Mandela; was imprisoned many times for protesting non-cooperation. To protest oppression of India's lower class he went on hunger strikes. He wished for peace between Hind's and Muslims. He was assassinated by a Hindu fundamentalist January 1948. Gandhi stressed the importance of economic independence for India and advocated the manufacture of homespun cloth. He also lead boycotts of British goods and institutions representing British influence in India.
"You must be the change you wish to see in the world."- Gandhi
Gandhi is my number one World Peace Movement leader because he was very involved in promoting equality. He was also a role model for other peace activist and led the way for other people to stand up for what they believed in. Gandhi is number one because he starved and gave up his life to have equality in India. He just wanted everything to be fair and did it in a non violent way.
"Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere."
Martin Luther King was one of the first people to stand up for African American rights along with Malcolm X. He was very important because he made people realize we are all the same and discrimination is wrong. He never gave up and wanted to make people understand awful it is to racially divide up life. MLK is number 3 because until he was assassinated he fought for African American equality. He was dedicated to his believes and wanted them to spread.
"Spread love everywhere you go. Let no one come to you without leaving happier."-Mother Teresa
I believe Mother Teresa came in fourth place because she wanted to help all the people struggling in poverty. She spent most of her life devoted to helping the poor. This is dedication and I think shows her trying to spread peace and equality. This was a movement because she spread her ideas and gained followers trying to help stop poverty all over the world. Mother Teresa was number 4 because she spread peace all over the world and had many followers. She had helped so many people's lives and did not discriminate.
10.Keir Hardie
Keir Hardie was a Scottish socialist and labor activists. Hardie was elected into Parliament in 1895. He was an important leader of the Independent Labor Party in 1900. Mine workers would come together to form protests and share ideas. He was active in strikes including, Strike of the Mine of Lanarkshire which lasted 6 weeks. This resulted in a 10% increase in miner's paychecks. He spent five years of his life making the Labor Movement and making speeches while being arrested at a Women's Suffrage meeting.
Walesa was a great man and did a lot to help Poland. He was very dedicated to being a labor activist. He did not give up and fought for what he thought was right. He is rated number 9 because he was not as well known as the other people on the list.
"The thing that lies at the foundation of positive change, the way I see it, is service to a fellow human being." -Lech Walesa
"If it is necessary for me to separate myself from what has been my life's work, I do so in order to remove the stigma resting upon our wives, mothers and sisters of being accounted unfit for citizenship."-Keir Hardie
Keir Hardie is number 10 because he was apeace activists and fought for women's rights but did not have a huge group of followers. He protested and believed in equality but unlike everyone else on my list he did not have a large number of followers and people looking up to him at the time.
"Words are as strong and powerful as bomb, as napalms."- Dorothy Day
I felt it was important to have Dorothy Day on my list because she was a women fighting for feminism. She is also a role model and I look up to her very much. She never gave up fighting for women's rights, her last arrest was in her 70's. That shows dedication for what she believes in. Dorothy is number 6 because she protested all her life and made an impact on the fight for feminism.
"The mind is everything. What you think you become."-Buddha
Buddha made it on my list because he spread peace throught his religion; Buddhism. Buddhism is still an active religion today. He accepted women, the poor and other people who were not treated fairly. This attracted many minorities to the religion. Buddha was non-violent and wanted to spread peace and equality around. His goal was to reach nirvana and enlightenment. Buddha is one of my favorite people to learn about, he was so interesting in the way he lived his life.

"One child, one teacher, one pen and one book can change the world. Education is the only solution. Education first."-Malala Yousafzai

I find Malala is very inspirational. What she had to endure from the Taliban is crazy. She is an amazing person and is so devoted to education for women in Pakistani. I have heard a lot about her recently and she is so interesting. She is number 7 because her story is so inspirational and she does a lot for women equality and is very young so she has not been protesting for very long.
8.Aung San Suu Kyi
Kyi was a pro- democratic activist. She was the leader of National League for Democracy in Burma. She advocated non violence. She won Sakharov Prize for Freedom of Thought in 1990 and the Nobel Peace Prize in 1991. She was awarded another peace prize from India in 1992. She traveled the world spreading the idea of democracy and won another award in 2012 a honourary doctrate from Oxford University.

"It is not power that corrupts but fear. Fear of losing power corrupts those who wield it and fear of the scourge of power corrupts those who are subject to it." Aung San Suu Kyi

She is very inspirational and influential. I look up to her and all the awards she won for her non- violent peace ideologies. I enjoyed learning about her and all the peaceful activities. She spread her ideas around and wanted people to know what she stood for. She was also arrested multiple times for standing out against the government. I rated her number 8 because she was important and won many awards but did I do not believe she compares to the other people on my list.
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